Sociology Index


Matriarchy is a society or family in which women possess most of the power and authority. Matriarchy is the very opposite of a patriarchal system where men take primary responsibility for the welfare of the community. The male equivalent is Patriarchy. The term 'matriarchy' must be distinguished from matrilineal societies which refers to the system of tracing descent through the blood lines of women and which exists in a number of world societies.

Matriarchy In India

Khasis in the North-East Indian state of Meghalaya and the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Garos pass property and political succession from mother to daughter—typically, he youngest daughter inherits her mother's property.

Has Matriarchy Influenced Succession Laws in India? - Anutosh Pandey.
National Law University, Orissa (NLUO) at Cuttack.
Abstract: In India, matriarchy is found in certain part of Assam and certain parts of Kerala .The social structure of these communities have various elements which are different from other communities of India. Keeping in mind the requirements of these communities, various personal laws related to succession and other family matters had been amended to meet the requirement of these communities.

A Matriarchal Society in the age of Globalization - It is the character of the ideal type to assemble generalised, abstract and ideal elements of a matriarchy, but no such society exists in reality.

All Power to the Women: Nazi Concepts of Matriarchy
Jost Hermand, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 19, No. 4, Reassessments of Fascism (Oct., 1984).

From Patriarchy to Matriarchy: Ma Joad's Role in The Grapes of Wrath.
Warren Motley, American Literature, Vol. 54, No. 3 (Oct., 1982), pp. 397-412.

Theorizing Matriarchy in Africa: Kinship Ideologies and Systems in Africa and Europe - Ifi Amadiume.
Abstract: My major problematic in this chapter is the theorization of the vexing concept of matriarchy, not as a totalitarian system, that is, the total rule governing a society—but as a structural system in juxtaposition with another system in a social structure. Using contemporary data, I intend to throw into doubt certain established Eurocentric certainties about the origins and social character of kinship.

The Myth of Matriarchy: Why Men Rule in Primitive Society
Bamberger, Joan. (1974). in Women, Culture, and Society, edited by Michelle Zimbalist Rosaldo and Louise Lamphere. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.

Re-thinking ‘Matriarchy’ in Modern Matriarchal Studies using two examples: The Khasi and the Mosuo. Heide Goettner-Abendroth, International Academy HAGIA - Asian Journal of Women's Studies - Volume 24, 2018 - Issue 1.
ABSTRACT: The new field of modern Matriarchal Studies calls non-patriarchal societies ‘matriarchal.’ Traditional research on matriarchy is laden with unclear definitions and excessive emotionality. Lacking a clear scientific definition of ‘matriarchy,’ the term has been misunderstood as ‘rule by women,’ provoking a lasting, ideologically distorted prejudice against it. This article argues for the importance of retaining the term ‘matriarchy’ and using a new and adequate structural definition of matriarchal societies to understand their deep structure.

Patriarchy as Negation of Matriarchy - Patriarchy negates matriarchy by trying to replace matriarchal society by patriarchal order. To do so it has to totally abstract from matriarchal.