Matriarchy is a society or family in which women possess most of the power and authority. Matriarchy is the very opposite of a patriarchal system where men take primary responsibility for the welfare of the community. The male equivalent is Patriarchy.
The term 'matriarchy' must be distinguished from matrilineal societies which refers to the system of tracing descent through the blood lines of women and which exists in a number of world societies.
Patriarchy as Negation of Matriarchy - Patriarchy finally negates matriarchy by trying to replace matriarchal society by patriarchal order. To do so it has to totally abstract from matriarchal.
A Matriarchal Society in the age of Globalization - It is the character of the ideal type to assemble generalised, abstract and ideal elements of a matriarchy, but no such society exists in reality.
All Power to the Women:
Nazi Concepts of Matriarchy
Jost Hermand, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 19, No. 4, Reassessments of Fascism (Oct., 1984).
From Patriarchy to
Matriarchy: Ma Joad's Role in The Grapes of Wrath.
Warren Motley, American Literature, Vol. 54, No. 3 (Oct., 1982), pp. 397-412
The Myth of Matriarchy: Why Men Rule in Primitive Society
Bamberger, Joan. (1974). in Women, Culture, and Society, edited by Michelle Zimbalist Rosaldo and Louise Lamphere. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.