Sociology Index

MARXIST FEMINISM

Socialist Feminism, Marxism, Feminism, Liberal feminism

Marxist Feminism is a form of feminism which believes that women's oppression is a symptom of a more fundamental form of oppression.

Marxist Feminism postulates that women are not oppressed by men or by sexism, but by capitalism itself. If all women are to be liberated, capitalism must be replaced with socialism.

Marxist feminists believe that private property leads to economic inequality and negetive social relations between men and women. According to Marxist feminism theory capitalism should be replaced with socialism in order to achieve equality and positive social relations between men and women.

In Freidrich Engels' (1820-1895) writing, women's oppression originated with the development of private property and of regulated family and marital relationships. Marxist feminists believe that men's control of economic resources develops with settled society and the development of separate spheres of life for the two sexes.

In capitalist societies, women become segregated into the domestic sphere and men into the outer world of paid work. Economic and social inequality between the sexes increased and womens' subordination in marriage, the family and in society in general intensified becoming a classic case of Marxist Feminism.

We discuss the implications of Marxist feminism for six aspects of criminal justice: females and the law, criminology of women, females as victims, processing of females by the criminal justice system, incarceration of women, and employment of women as criminal justice system personnel. - Marxist Feminism: Implications for Criminal Justice - Nicole Hahn Rafter, Elena M. Natalizia - Crime & Delinquency, Vol. 27, No. 1, 81-98 (1981)

Women in development: liberalism, Marxism and Marxist-feminism. - Bandarage A
Abstract: This article contrasts liberal, Marxist, and Marxist-feminist positions on economic modernization and Third World women. Liberal feminism, rooted in a belief in the inherent viability of the capitalist system, asserts that underdevelopment in the Third World is caused by traditional values and social structures. Women's oppression is regarded as inextricably linked with class oppression, precluding the liberation of women within the prevailing capitalist world system. The Marxist Feminism perspective helps us to understand the interaction of sexual oppression with class oppression and imperialism. However, it is less useful in understanding issues such as the cultural and psychological dimensions of sexual stratification or the changing relations between men and women under capitalism. A synthesis between Marxism, which focuses on the effects of the economy on women, and radical feminism, which is concerned with the structure of male domination, enables a dialectical analysis of patriarchy and capitalism. Marxist-feminism has the potential to analyze the realities of the feminization of poverty, and the presence of the patriarchal state. To be of value, Marxist-feminist analysis must take into account the experiences of poor Third World women rather than apply the white middle class experience globally. The issue of women in development must become central to feminist theory if feminism is to transcend its middle class bias.

The Struggle Over Lifelong Learning: A Marxist-Feminist Analysis.
Mojab, Shahrzad; Gorman, Rachel
Abstract: Political and economic upheavals in the 1990s have left their mark on adult education. A major source of change is globalization of the capitalist economy and its restructuring, which make extraordinary demands on education, particularly adult education. A Marxist-feminist framework explains complex social relations that underpin the lifelong learning debate. Marxist feminism views feminism as a conscious intervention in the hierarchically organized regime of gender power. As a citizen-centered project of social change, lifelong learning must invigorate its ties with social movements, without which it fails to achieve its full potential.