Sociology Index


Inequality of Opportunity

What is social exclusion? What is social marginalization?
Marginalization or social exclusion occurs when some people or someone is left out of mainstream society, denied equality of opportunity to participate in social, economic and civic processes. Social exclusion is not only about delinquent or marginalized populations. Social exclusion or marginalization occurs when someone or entire communities of people are systematically blocked from rights, opportunities and resources normally available to other members of society, which are necessary for social integration. The terms social exclusion and marginalization are used to characterise social disadvantage and relegation to the fringes of society.

Deviants may become subject to coarse or subtle forms of social exclusion or social deprivation. Traditionally groups facing the risk of social exclusion are ethnic minorities, single mothers, children, people with disabilities and displaced populations. The regional Human Development Report on social inclusion goes beyond the groups-based approach to social exclusion. It assumes that each person has many characteristics that can put him or her at risk of social exclusion.