Macro perspective, or the form of analysis which focuses on the structure of society and provides a way of seeing society as a unified whole.
In this macro perspective minimal attention is given to the individual or the subjectivity of actors - the structures of society are thought to be primary and responsible for shaping the individual.
A micro perspective focuses on the individual level, while a macro perspective
focuses more broadly on society.
Agency-Structure and Micro-Macro Linkages
"Theories are selective in terms of their priorities and perspectives and the
data they define as significant. As a result, they provide a particular and partial view
of reality. There are a wide variety of sociological theories, and they can be grouped
together according to various criteria. One of the most important of these is the
distinction between structural or macro perspectives and social action or micro
perspectives. These perspectives differ in the way they approach the analysis of society.
Functionalism is an example of a macro perspective as it analyses the way society as a
whole fits together whereas symbolic interactionism is a micro perspective because it
stresses the meaningfulness of human behaviour and denies that it is primarily determined
by the structure of society". - grin.com. Comparison of functionalism and symbolic
interactionism by Christine Langhoff