Sociology Index


Lifestyle Exposure Theory is a theory of victimization. Different lifestyles expose people to different situations and some lifestyles may bring people into more crime-prone situations in which people are exposed to higher risk of victimization. Lifestyle-exposure theory posits that some lifestyles expose people to more risks than do other lifestyles. Hindelang and associates have developed a lifestyle theory or lifestyle exposure theory to explain the correlates of crime against persons, and Cohen and Felson have extended the Lifestyle exposure theory to property crimes. Lifestyle exposure theory asserts that violent offending and other forms of antisocial behavior are indicators of a lifestyle that places individuals at increased risk for violent victimization. Strategies for crime control would include those to increase effective guardianship and reduce the availability of motivated offenders.

Hindelang and his colleagues assert that the risk of victimization depends on different lifestyles of individuals, which is defined as “routine daily activities, both vocational activities and leisure activities” (Hindelang, et al., 1978).

Structural Equation Modeling Assessment of Key Causal Factors in Computer Crime Victimization - Choi, Kyung-Shick. Abstract: The components of routine activity theory were tested via structural equation modeling to assess the existence of any statistical significance between individual online lifestyle exposure. A self-report studies survey, which contained multiple measures of computer security. The findings from this study with empirical evidence supports for the components of routine activities theory by delineating patterns of computer-crime victimization.

Conventional Crime - Rick Linden, D J Koenig. Abstract: According to this perspective, the probability of criminal victimization varies by time, space, and social setting and by the extent to which routine activities increase target suitability and reduce effective guardianship. Crimes against persons have some different correlates than do crimes against property, but most of these differences are consistent with the lifestyle-exposure theory.

Importation, deprivation, and varieties of serving time: An integrated lifestyle-exposure model of prison offending - Andy Hochstetler, T, Matt DeLisi. The "lifestyle exposure theory" was developed by Hindelang, Gottfredson, and Garofalo. Lifestyles are patterned, regular, recurrent, prevalent, or "routine activities". Kennedy and Forde (1990:208) summarized the lifestyle exposure exposure model. Research examining the relationship between lifestyles and crime should avoid pooling or aggregating crime types, because examining the effects of lifestyles on composite measures of crime leads to inconsistent findings - Lifestyle exposure theory.

Repeat and multiple victimizations: the role of individual and contextual factors. Outlaw M, Ruback B, Britt C. - Implications for social disorganization theory, routine activity and lifestyle exposure theory, and future work on repeat victimization are discussed. - - Lifestyle exposure theory.

Victimization from Terrorist Attacks: Randomness or Routine Activities? - Daphna Canetti-Nisim, Gustavo Mesch, Ami Pedahzur. Abstract: We have explored core assumptions of terrorism and victimization theories by empirically testing both the randomness and the lifestyle-exposure theories. Findings indicate that victimization from suicide compared to other types of terrorism is related to the basics of lifestyle-exposure theories.

Understanding Theories of Criminal Victimization - Robert F. Meier, Terance D. Miethe. Abstract: The two most widely known perspectives, lifestyle-exposure and routine activities theories, have been the object of much current thinking and empirical testing.

Lifestyle Exposure Theory Bibliography

Chapin, F. Stuart, Jr. (1974). Human activity patterns in the city: Things people do in time and space. New York: John Wiley Sons. - Lifestyle exposure theory.

Cohen, Lawrence Cantor, David. (1981). Residential burglary in the united states: Lifestyle exposure and demographic factors associated with the probability of victimization. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 18(1), 113-27.

Cohen, Lawrence Felson, Marcus. (1979). Social change and crime rate trends: A routine activity approach. American Sociological Review 44, 588-608.  - Lifestyle exposure theory.

Corrado, R., Roesch, R., Glackman, W., Evans, J. & Ledger, G. (1980). Lifestyle exposure and personal victimization: A test of the model with Canadian survey data. Journal of Crime and Justice 3, 129-139.

Felson, Marcus. (1995). Those who discourage crime. In John Eck & David Weisburd (Eds.), Crime and place. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press.  - Lifestyle exposure theory.

Garofalo, James. (1987). Reassessing the lifestyle exposure theory and model of criminal victimization. In Michael Gottfredson & Travis Hirschi (Eds.), Positive criminology. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage.

Hough, Mike. (1987). Offenders' choice of targets: Findings from victim surveys. Journal of Quantitative Criminology 3(4), 355-370. - Lifestyle exposure theory.

LeBeau, James Coulson, Richard. (1996). Routine activities and the spatial-temporal variation of calls for police service: the experience of opposites on the quality of life spectrum. Police Studies 19(4), 1-14. - Lifestyle exposure theory.

Miethe, Terance, Stafford, Mark Long, J. Scott. (1987). Social differentiation in criminal victimization: A test of routine activities and lifestyle exposure theories." American Sociological Review 52, 184-194.

Moriarty, Laura Williams, James. (1996). Examining the relationship between routine activities theory and social disorganization: An analysis of property crime victimization. American Journal of Criminal Justice 21(1), 43-59. - Lifestyle exposure theory.

Riley, David. (1987). "Time and crime: The link between teenager lifestyle and delinquency. Journal of Quantitative Criminology 3(4), 339-354.

Robinson, Matthew. (1997b). Lifestyles, routine activities, and residential burglary victimization. Ph.D. Dissertation: Florida State University School of Criminology and Criminal Justice.

Robinson, Matthew & Christine Robinson. (1997). "Environmental characteristics associated with residential burglary." Environment and Behavior 29(5), 657-675.   - Lifestyle exposure theory.

Sampson, Robert Wooldredge, John. (1987). Linking the micro- and macro- level dimensions of lifestyle-routine activity and opportunity models of predatory victimization. Journal of Quantitative Criminology 3(4), 371-393. - Lifestyle exposure theory.

Smith, S. (1982). Victimization in the inner city. British Journal of Criminology 22(2), 386- 402. - Lifestyle exposure theory.

Wright, Richard & Decker, Scott. (1994). Burglars on the job: Streetlife and residential break- ins. Boston, Mass.: Northeastern University Press - Lifestyle exposure theory.