If you go to bed early you are
less at risk than if you like to visit the bars many nights a week. Lifestyle theory or
Lifestyle-exposure theory is a theory of victimization
that acknowledges that not everyone has the same lifestyle and that some lifestyles expose
people to more risks than do other lifestyles. Strategies for crime control would include
those to increase effective guardianship and
reduce the availability of motivated offenders.
Hindelang and associates have
developed a lifestyle theory or lifestyle-exposure theory to explain the correlates of
crime against persons, and Cohen and Felson have extended the theory to property crimes.
Within the victimology literature,
lifestyle exposure theory asserts that forms of antisocial behavior
are indicators of a lifestyle that places individuals at increased risk for.
Crime (Criminology: A Canadian Perspective, P 242-269, 1987, Rick Linden, D J
The probability of criminal victimization varies by time, space, and social setting and by
the extent to which routine activities increase target
suitability and reduce effective guardianship.
Crimes against persons have some
different correlates than do crimes against property, but most of these differences are
consistent with the lifestyle-exposure theory.
and varieties of serving time: An integrated lifestyle-exposure model of prison offending
- Andy Hochstetler, T, Matt DeLisi
Modeling Assessment of Key Causal Factors in Computer Crime Victimization -
Authors: Choi, Kyung-Shick, Issue Date: 8-May-2008
The components of routine activity theory were
tested via structural equation modeling to assess the existence of any statistical
significance between individual online lifestyle exposure. Self-report studies findings with empirical evidence supports for the components of
routine activities theory by delineating patterns of computer-crime victimization.
LIFESTYLE EXPOSURE THEORY
The "lifestyle exposure theory" was developed by Hindelang, Gottfredson, and
Garofalo. Lifestyles are patterned, recurrent or "routine activities". Kennedy
and Forde summarized the lifestyle exposure model.
According to lifestyle exposure
theory research examining the relationship between lifestyles and crime should avoid
pooling or aggregating crime types, because examining the effects of lifestyles on
composite measures of crime leads to inconsistent findings.
Repeat and multiple
victimizations: the role of individual and contextual factors. Outlaw M, Ruback
B, Britt C.
Implications for social disorganization theory,
routine activity or lifestyle exposure theory, and future work on repeat victimization are
discussed. - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov - Lifestyle exposure theory.
Victimization from Terrorist Attacks: Randomness or Routine Activities?
Daphna Canetti-Nisim, Gustavo Mesch, Ami Pedahzur
Assumptions of terrorism and victimization theories by empirically testing both the
randomness and the lifestyle-exposure theories. Findings indicate that victimization from
suicide vis-à-vis other types of terrorism is related to the basics of lifestyle-exposure
or lifestyle exposure theory.
Understanding Theories of Criminal Victimization
Robert F. Meier, Terance D. Miethe
Abstract: The two most widely known perspectives, lifestyle-exposure and routine
activities theories, have been the object of much current thinking and empirical testing.
Lifestyle Exposure Theory
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