If you go to bed early you are less at risk than if you like to visit the bars many nights a week. Lifestyle theory or Lifestyle-exposure theory is a theory of victimization that acknowledges that not everyone has the same lifestyle and that some lifestyles expose people to more risks than do other lifestyles. Strategies for crime control would include those to increase effective guardianship and reduce the availability of motivated offenders.
Hindelang and associates have developed a lifestyle theory or lifestyle-exposure theory to explain the correlates of crime against persons, and Cohen and Felson have extended the theory to property crimes.
Within the victimology literature, lifestyle exposure theory asserts that violent offending and other forms of antisocial behavior are indicators of a lifestyle that places individuals at increased risk for violent victimization (Jensen & Brownfield, 1986).
Crime (Criminology: A Canadian Perspective, P 242-269, 1987, Rick Linden, D J
Abstract: According to this perspective, the probability of criminal victimization varies by time, space, and social setting and by the extent to which routine activities increase target suitability and reduce effective guardianship.
Crimes against persons have some different correlates than do crimes against property, but most of these differences are consistent with the lifestyle-exposure theory.
Importation, deprivation, and varieties of serving time: An integrated lifestyle-exposure model of prison offending - Andy Hochstetler, T, Matt DeLisi
Modeling Assessment of Key Causal Factors in Computer Crime Victimization -
Authors: Choi, Kyung-Shick, Issue Date: 8-May-2008
Abstract: The components of routine activity theory were tested via structural equation modeling to assess the existence of any statistical significance between individual online lifestyles. A self-report studies survey, which contained multiple measures of computer security. The findings from this study with empirical evidence supports for the components of routine activities theory by delineating patterns of computer-crime victimization.
LIFESTYLE EXPOSURE THEORY
The "lifestyle exposure theory" was developed by Hindelang, Gottfredson, and Garofalo.
Lifestyles are patterned, regular, recurrent, prevalent, or "routine activities". Kennedy and Forde (1990:208) summarized the lifestyle/exposure model.
Research examining the relationship between lifestyles and crime should avoid pooling or aggregating crime types, because examining the effects of lifestyles on composite measures of crime leads to inconsistent findings - Lifestyle exposure theory.
Repeat and multiple
victimizations: the role of individual and contextual factors. Outlaw M, Ruback
B, Britt C.
Implications for social disorganization theory, routine activity/lifestyle exposure theory, and future work on repeat victimization are discussed. - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov - Lifestyle exposure theory.
Victimization from Terrorist Attacks: Randomness or Routine Activities?
Daphna Canetti-Nisim, Gustavo Mesch, Ami Pedahzur
Abstract: We have explored core assumptions of terrorism and victimization theories by empirically testing both the randomness and the lifestyle-exposure theories. Findings indicate that victimization from suicide compared to other types of terrorism is related to the basics of lifestyle-exposure theories. - Lifestyle exposure theory.
Understanding Theories of Criminal Victimization
Robert F. Meier, Terance D. Miethe
Crime and Justice, Vol. 17, 1993 (1993), pp. 459-499
Abstract: The two most widely known perspectives, lifestyle-exposure and routine activities theories, have been the object of much current thinking and empirical testing.
Lifestyle Exposure Theory Bibliography
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