Sociology Index

Jim Crow Laws and Jane Crow Laws

Both Jim Crow Laws and Jane Crow Laws deal with discrimination and seek segregation. While Jim Crow laws worked against blacks, the Jane Crow laws worked against women in general. The Jim Crow laws were state and local laws enacted between 1876 and 1965 in the United States. Jim Crow laws systematized a number of economic, educational and social disadvantages.

Jim Crow laws are the segregation of public places, public transportation, and the segregation public schools, of restrooms and restaurants for whites and blacks. Even the U.S. military was segregated.

The Supreme Court of the United States declared in 1954 State-sponsored school segregation as unconstitutional in Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education. Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 overruled the remaining Jim Crow laws.

It was at Howard University, Pauli Murray, a black woman activist, wrote, that she learned "to wage an effective struggle against Jim Crow." It was also at Howard University that she became conscious of sexism, or "Jane Crow" as she called it.

The Rise of "Jane Crow" Laws Threaten Personhood - A study published in the Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law shows that anti-abortion laws are being used to justify the arrest and detention of pregnant women, and to force them to undergo unwanted medical interventions, including surgery.

We want YOU to KNOW Senator Mr. Grothman that WOMEN will not stand by while you dismantle our rights in Wisconsin. This bill [a bill aimed at penalizing single mothers by calling their unmarried status a contributing factor in child abuse and neglect] has NOTHING To do with abuse, it has EVERYTHING with SUBJUGATING WOMEN....JANE CROW LAWS DO NOT BELONG ANYWHERE in my life! - Lorraine Tipton.

How Did the March on Washington Movement's Critique of American Democracy in the 1940s Awaken African American Women to the Problem of Jane Crow? by Cynthia Taylor.
Demonstrates the critical role women played in the 1940s March on Washington Movement (MOWM). African American women activists of the 1940s enthusiastically joined the March on Washington Movement because it promoted broad race-based employment goals. Although women found a welcoming place within the March on Washington Movement to fight Jim Crow, there was little room at this time for women to articulate their concerns about Jane Crow within the movement or society at large. Although the MOWM relied on women activists, it never developed a place for women's activism.