IRON LAW OF OLIGARCHY
Civil Service is a self-perpetuating oligarchy, the Iron Law of Oligarchy. Many writers believe that any political system eventually evolves into iron law of oligarchy. According to writers, Zulma Riley, Keith Riley, and Robert Michels, modern Democracy should be considered as elected Oligarchy. They called this called this theory the iron law of oligarchy. James Madison, the fourth President of the United States said: "Never fear. The iron law of oligarchy always obtains."
In iron law of oligarchy, actual differences between viable political rivals are small, the oligarchic elite impose strict limits on what constitutes an 'acceptable' and 'respectable' political position. Iron Law of Oligarchy was first defined by German sociologists like Robert Michels (1876-1936). Michels wondered if one could ever have what today is called participatory democracy. Michels discovered the Iron Law of Oligarchy, that even in the most egalatarian movements, elites will call most of the shots.
Iron Law of Oligarchy refers to the inherent tendency of all complex organizations to develop a ruling clique of leaders with interests in the organization itself rather than in its official aims. They were conservative, seeking to preserve and enhance the organization and not to endanger it by any radical action.
It became difficult for the mass membership to provide any effective counterweight to this professional, entrenched, leadership, the Iron Law of Oligarchy.
Iron Law of Oligarchy: In every organized activity, no matter the sphere, a small number will become the oligarchial leaders and the others will follow. Oligarchy is a society or social system ruled by a few people.
Oligarchy is a form of government where power rests with
a small elite segment of society distinguished by royalty, wealth, family, military
influence or occult spiritual hegemony. City-states from Ancient Greece were oligarchies.
Oligarchies can bring about change forcing monarchs or
dictators to share power. Oligarchy means "the rule of the few" and monarchy means "the rule of the one".
United States political system is has an oligarchic structure. Large donors support national political races in the hope of compensation in return for funding the winners' campaigns, as in the current situation and societies most commonly recognized as oligarchies.
Breaking the iron law of oligarchy: union
revitalization in the American labor movement. Voss, Kim and Sherman, Rachel -
The American Journal of Sociology [AJS], 106(2), 303 - 49.