Sociology Index

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Intersubjectivity

Intersubjectivity is shared understanding that helps us relate one situation to another. Intersubjectivity is used in contrast to solipsistic individual experience, emphasizing our inherently social being. Intersubjectivity, in philosophy, psychology, sociology, and anthropology, is the psychological relation between people. Intersubjectivity that aims at fusion with the other is too narrow to account for the constitution of subjectivity and subjectivism. Individual human consciousness is formed in the dynamic interrelation of self and other and is inherently intersubjective. Sociologists who reject the assumption of the objective nature of social reality and focus on the subjective experience of actors have to avoid reducing the world only to personal experience. Through intersubjectivity ordinary people as well as sociologists assume that if another stood in their shoes they would see the same things. Intersubjectivity implies that students are tasked with discovering how to build knowledge and instructors are tasked with guiding students in these processes. The inference to other minds by analogy with one's own is unconvincing, yet all our social interaction assume we can identify others' belief and intentions.

Patterns of Intersubjectivity in the Constitution of Subjectivity: Dimensions of Otherness - Nelson Ernesto Coelho, Jr., Luis Claudio Figueiredo. Four matrices are described through references to their proponents:

(a) trans-subjective intersubjectivity (Martin Heidegger);

(b) traumatic intersubjectivity (Emmanuel Levinas);

(c) interpersonal intersubjectivity (George Herbert Mead); and

(d) intrapsychic intersubjectivity (Sigmund Freud). Intersubjective dimensions are understood as indicating dimensions of otherness. 

Burnout and intersubjectivity: A psychoanalytical study from a Lacanian perspective - Stijn Vanheule, An Lievrouw, Paul Verhaeghe. On the basis of qualitative research data we investigate to what extent Lacan's model of intersubjectivity helps us to understand the burnout process. Outlining intersubjectivity through the dialectical master and slave relationship and the difference between imaginary and symbolic interactions.

Labour and Intersubjectivity: Notes on the Natural Law of Copyright - ABRAHAM DRASSINOWER. Abstract: A theoretical approach to copyright law centred on authorial right and capable of accounting for the public interest in access to intellectual creations. The paper offers a rights-based interpretation of the idea-expression-dichotomy inspired by Kant's theory of property.

Intersubjectivity – interactionist or discursive? Reflections on Habermas’ critique of Brandom - Piet Strydom. Argues that there is a marked ambivalence in Jurgen Habermas’ concept of intersubjectivity. Jurgen Habermas wavers between an interactionist and a discursive understanding.

Reconciling communicative action with recognition - thickening the ‘inter’ of intersubjectivity - Eva Erman. The symmetry implied by social contract theory and so-called Golden Rule thinking is anchored to a Cartesian subject–object world and is not equipped to address recognition.

Feeling Gender Speak - Intersubjectivity and Fieldwork Practice with Women Who Prostitute in Lima, Peru - Lorraine Nencel, De Vrije Universiteit. This article discusses a dimension of fieldwork methodology often overlooked. The discovery brought several epistemological principles into question pertaining to power and intersubjectivity subscribed to in a feminist or critical anthropology.

The practice of mind. Theory, simulation or primary interaction? - Shaun Gallagher. Abstract: That theory of mind is our primary and pervasive means for understanding other persons, go beyond the scientific empirical evidence and phenomenological evidence.

The 'shared manifold' hypothesis. From mirror neurons to empathy - Vittorio Gallese. Abstracts: This account of intersubjectivity based on the findings of neuroscientific investigation will be discussed in relation with a classical tenet of phenomenological sociology

A Philosopher Simone de Beauvoir, Moral Values and 'The Useless Mouths' - Elizabeth Stanley. Les Bouches inutiles and the Useless Mouths, to examine ideas about morality, ethics and intersubjectivity expressed within it.

From intersubjectivity to intercorporeality: contributions of a phenomenological philosophy to the psychological study of alterity. - COELHO JUNIOR, Nelson Ernesto. Abstract: Philosophical questioning of intersubjectivity in the phenomenological theories of Husserl, Scheler and Merleau-Ponty.

Constitution of the Self: Intersubjectivity and Dialogicality - Ivana Markova. The polysemic nature of intersubjectivity stems not only from diverse pursuits and goals but also from different ontologies of intersubjectivity. 

Intersubjectivity and Temporal Reference in Television Commentary - Stephanie Marriott. Television commentary gives rise to an electronically mediated intersubjectivity.

The Achievement of Intersubjectivity through Embodied Completions: A Study of Interactions Between First and Second Language Speakers - Junko Mori, Makoto Hayashi. The coordination of vocal and non-vocal resources that are brought to bear on the achievement of intersubjectivity.

The ontological co-emergence of 'self and other' in Japanese philosophy - Yoko Arisaka. Abstract: The issues regarding intersubjectivity have been central topics in modern Japanese philosophy. Watsuji's phenomenology deals more directly with the topic of intersubjectivity.

The Husserlian theory of intersubjectivity as alterology. emergent theories and wisdom traditions in the light of genetic phenomenology. Natalie Depraz. Abstract: The relevance of Husserlian Theory of Intersubjectivity for contemporary empirical research and for ancestral wisdom. Two main Husserlian discoveries that subjectivity is from the very beginning intersubjectivity and infants, animals, the insane and aliens are subjects in a full sense as they are right from the beginning already intersubjective subjects.

Understanding the representational mind. A prerequisite for intersubjectivity proper. Iso Kern, Institute of Philosophy, Eduard Marbach, Institute of Philosophy, University of Bern. Abstracts: The study of intersubjectivity is closely tied to questions of the representational mind. It focuses on developmental studies of children's understanding of the human mind.

Matrix and Intersubjectivity: Phenomenological Aspects of Group Analysis 
Hans W. Cohn. A move from an extreme subjectivism to a complete dismissal of the subject. Matrix and intersubjectivity are the relevant fields of experience.

Encounters with animal minds - Barbara Smuts. Abstracts: Explores the kinds of relationships that can develop between human and nonhuman animals. How Safi and I co-create systems of communication and emotional expression that permit deep 'intersubjectivity.'

Holding in Mind: Intersubjectivity, Subject Relations and the Group 
Phil Schulte. Intersubjectivity is emerging as a key concept in psychoanalysis. The intersubjective perspective stands in contrast to classical psychoanalytic theorizing.

Intersubjectivity in Indo-Tibetan Buddhism - B. Alan Wallace. Abstracts: Buddhist concepts of intersubjectivity like the meditative practice of dream yoga is shown to have deep implications regarding the nature of intersubjectivity.

The Politics of Problems: Intersubjectivity in Defining Powerful Others - Sue Jones. How persons in organizations, tackling what they define as complex problems, define others as significant in terms of their perceived power.

Beyond empathy. Phenomenological approaches to intersubjectivity
Dan Zahavi. Abstracts: The phenomenologists argue that a treatment of intersubjectivity requires a simultaneous analysis of the relationship between subjectivity and world.

Paths of intersubjectivity: Ferenczi, Bion, Matte-Blanco. Abstract: Intersubjectivity is pertinent to the freudian concept of Psychoanalysis. It was Ferenczi, the pioneer in the investigations of emotions.

Sequentiality as a problem and resource for intersubjectivity in aphasic conversation: analysis and implications for therapy - Wilkinson R. Abstract: Investigations of non-aphasic conversation have displayed the importance of sequentiality in the meaning and understanding of utterances in conversation.

The Intersubjectivity of Interaction - John W. Du Bois. Why is it necessary to integrate intersubjectivity into any understanding of language and social life? How does intersubjectivity relate to stance?

Grounding Signs of Culture: Primary Intersubjectivity in Social Semiosis - Stephen J. Cowley, Sheshni Moodley, Agnese Fiori-Cowley. Abstract: The article examines how infants are first permeated by culture. Building on Thibault (2000), semiogenesis is traced to the joint activity of primary intersubjectivity.

AN EXAMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE CONCEPTS OF PROJECTIVE IDENTIFICATION AND INTERSUBJECTIVITY - Carol Weaver. ABSTRACT: After exploring the concept of projective identification and the claims from various contemporary psychoanalysts the paper explores the philosophical concept of intersubjectivity.

Considering the nature of intersubjectivity within professional nursing - Wanda Pierson.
Abstract: This article examines some of the notions of intersubjectivity and proposes an alternative understanding.

Communication Media and Intersubjectivity in Small Groups - Shaila Miranda, Robert P. Bostrom, Leslie Jordan Albert. ABSTRACT: Signification, comprehension, and emotional contagion. Results indicate that the effects of CMC on all three processes were negative and that signification and comprehension had positive effects on the intersubjective social construction of meaning.

Between Subjects: Shared Meanings of Intersubjectivity - Leadbeater, Bonnie J. Abstract: This review of the theoretical foundations of intersubjectivity argues that the problem lies in the developmental starting points of the theories.

Holding in Mind: Intersubjectivity, Subject Relations and the Group - Phil Schulte. The intersubjective perspective stands in contrast to classical psychoanalytic theorizing.

Perverse Ethics - The Body, Gender and Intersubjectivity - Lara Merlin. The violence of Western culture derives from a particular gendered fantasy of bodily organization. By re-imagining the body, it becomes possible, not to avoid loss, but rather to alter its meaning.

Bayesian Intersubjectivity and Quantum Theory - Perez-Suarez, Marcos; Santos, David J. Abstract: Frequentism and Bayesian theory are discussed together with the replacement of frequentist objectivity for Bayesian intersubjectivity.