Sociology Index


Industrialization is the process of developing an economy founded on the mass manufacturing of goods. Industrialization is associated with the urbanism, division of labour, and growth of mass communication, mass society and mass markets. Many industrialized societies are now described as post-industrial in post-industrial thesis since economic activity is based on the production of services, knowledge or symbols. Industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society. The first transformation from an agricultural to an industrial economy is known as the Industrial Revolution and took place from the mid-18th to early 19th century.

Characteristics of this early industrialisation were technological progress, a shift from rural work to industrial labor, and financial investments in new industrial structure. The Second Industrial Revolution came about in the mid-19th century after the refinement of the steam engine, the invention of the internal combustion engine, and the harnessing of electricity.

Colonialism and Industrialization: A Critique of Lewis 
M. Shahid Alam, Department of Economics, Northeastern University. His rejection of the imperialist origins of poverty is poorly argued, and his claim that colonial policies did not differ from policies of sovereign countries is not supported. He also ignores the strong correlation between loss of sovereignty and poor growth performance. W. Arthur Lewis’s claim that industrialization in the tropics was held back by small markets.

Perspectives on Industrialization: Global Industrial Partnerships 
Abstract: The study analyzes the changing patterns of industrialization, intensified competition and globalization, which is presented as a win-win formula rather than a zero-sum game. Rural industrialization will be used for job creation, increasing gender equality and social integration.

Inequality and Industrialization - Parantap Basu, Alessandra Guariglia
Abstract: This paper argues that the initial inequality of human capital could be contributing factor to the delayed process of industrialization in some countries.

On the Effects of Industrialization Processes on Growth and Convergence Dynamics: Evidence from Italian Regions - Leone Leonida - Abstract: We propose a semi-parametric procedure linking growth theory with density-type studies on convergence. Suggests that absolute convergence processes do not exclude dynamics of club convergence and vice-versa.

"Industrialization, Economic Growth and International Trade"
Kar-yiu Wong, University of Washington and Chinese University of Hong Kong
Chong-Kee Yip, Chinese University of Hong Kong
Abstract: The relationship between industrialization, economic growth and international trade.

Dependent Industrialization in the World Economy 
Some Comments and Results Concerning a Recent Debate - Volker Bornschier, Sociological Institute University of Zurich.
Abstract: The impact of multinational corporation in the world economy on economic growth and inequality.

Does Social Capital Promote Industrialization? Evidence from a Rapid Industrializer
Edward Miguel, Paul Gertler, University of California, Berkeley and NBER
David I. Levine, University of California, Berkeley
The Review of Economics and Statistics, November 2005, Vol. 87, No. 4, Pages 754-762. Abstract: Examines the effect of social capital on industrialization in Indonesia. Analyzes a set of social capital and social interaction measures.

Industrialization and Intergenerational Mobility in Sweden 
Authors: Maas I.; Van Leeuwen M.H.D.
Source: Acta Sociologica, Volume 45, Number 3, 1 September 2002.
Abstract: Results show a decline in the importance of the direct transfer of resources between generations and the increasing importance of education.

Female Autonomy, the Family, and Industrialization in Java 
DIANE L. WOLF, University of Washington 
Journal of Family Issues, Vol. 9, No. 1, 85-107 (1988)
A case study to the question of gender stratification and industrialization. The case study suggests that industrialization at the very least maintains female status within the family.

The Role of Emigration and Migration in Swedish Industrialization 
Urban Karistrom, Stockholm School of Economics, Box 6501, S-113 83 Stockholm, Sweden 
International Regional Science Review, Vol. 7, No. 2, 153-174 (1982)
The role of rural-to-urban migration and emigration in Swedish industrialization and results are presented concerning their importance for the Swedish economy.