Sociology Index

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INDIVIDUAL PATHOLOGY

Individual pathology is a term used to refer to biological or psychological explanations of criminal or deviant behavior by individuals. In individual pathology the assumption is that the deviant behaviour of individuals can be at least partly explained by some physical or psychological trait that makes them different from normal law abiding citizens. Bowen family systems theory suggests that individuals who report high levels of individual pathology will also report having been raised in families characterized by high conflict and low adaptability.

Combining individual and family assessment measures, or using one type of measure to understand the results of the other may be possible through the application of systems theory. Greater use of penal custody for children is made in England and Wales than in most other industrialised democratic countries in the world. The juvenile inmates of state prisons (Youthful Offender System YOS) and private jails, routinely comprise some of society's most disadvantaged, distressed and damaged children (Goldson, 2002). - Child deaths in penal custody: beyond individual pathology - Barry Goldson.

The Discourse of Stress: Individual Pathology or Communal Ritual
Sheila McNamee, Stress and Suffering at Work. Discursive options provide resources for action that move us beyond pathology to potential. These resources include specific ways of inviting others to appreciate alternatives, imagine the future, adopt their stories, coordinate multiple beliefs and views, create opportunities for different conversations, and embrace relational responsibility. She studies how such resources transform one's professional life. Is stress something we get, or catch, or become caught up in? Or, is stress a way of talking? Our culture has accustomed us to a number of labels, categories, and diagnoses of deficit. We systematically face problems, or threats we might impose upon ourselves or others, or assessments that might affect our future.

Individual pathology and family pathology
William A. Scott & Ruth Scott (1987), Australian Journal of Psychology, 39:2, 183-205. Abstract: Interpersonal pathology of the family was defined in a way that was conceptually distinct from the pathology of its individual members. Three manifestations of family pathology, inter-member conflict, low solidarity, and member dissatisfaction, were found to covary in three different samples of 96, 46, and 50 “normal-range” families, containing a total of 724 responding members. Three aspects of individual pathology, neurotic symptoms, low self-esteem, and dissatisfaction with life circumstances—were also found to covary over individuals in each of the three samples. Members of the same family tended to display similar levels of individual pathology. It was found that the mean level of individual pathology among family members was correlated with the level of interpersonal pathology displayed by their family. It appeared that individual pathology of children was more strongly related than that of their parents to the level of family pathology.

Peacebuilding and Mental Health: Moving beyond Individual Pathology to Community Responsibility.
Maureen Flaherty, Ellen Sikorski, Lilya Klos, Viktor Vus, Dr.
Abstract: This article asserts the importance of directing the attention of the global community not only on treatment, but also on a holistic view of health and health care services that will make it impossible for any individual to believe that they are not worthy of every consideration and support to be fully functioning, empowered community members. Authors call upon psychologists, social workers and other professionals interested in peacebuilding to refocus, not away from trauma recovery, but more broadly to whole health for all communities.

Collective evil and individual pathology: The depoliticization of violence against Afghan civilians. Toros, Harmonie, Mavelli, Luca (2014). International Politics, 51 (4). pp. 508-524. ISSN 1384-5748. Abstract: This article explores how the violence against Afghan civilians carried out by the Taliban and US rogue soldiers has been accounted for as the product of, respectively, collective evil and individual pathology. These two seemingly contending explanations, it is argued, are part of the same strategy of depoliticization, which aims to provide support and legitimacy for the US-led war in Afghanistan.

The article discusses how the genealogy of the discourse of collective evil surrounding the Taliban can be traced to an Orientalist political theodicy, which frames the Taliban as children of a lesser God, that is, as fanatical puppets at the mercy of a violent God, and how the discourse of individual pathology surrounding the unsanctioned violence of US soldiers is instrumental to exempt military and civilian leadership from collusion and responsibility.

The article challenges this latter narrative of individual blame by discussing how killing, torture and desecration of bodies are at the heart of warfare. Hence, it is concluded, the language of collective evil and individual pathology are part of the same strategy of depoliticization, which aims to silence political contestation and conceal the dehumanizing aspect of war, its structural production of violence, and the complex and dispersed nature of responsibility.

SOCIAL AND INDIVIDUAL PATHOLOGY OF THE IRANIAN VIRTUAL RELATIONS: A QUALITIATIVE STUDY
RABIEI ALI, SHAGHASEMI E. Journal: SOCIAL WELFARE FALL 2009 , Volume 9 , Number 34; Page(s) 11 To 31.
Abstract: Objectives: Although Internet and cyberspace have provided unprecedented opportunities for the Iranian Youth, pathology of Internet for Iranian young users has been scarcely scrutinized. Iran now contains more than a half of the Middle Eastern users in itself and the growth of the Internet in Iran has been phenomenal. Taking a critical approach to Internet friendships and liquid love, the present study manages to evaluate different dimensions of this phenomenon among the Iranian young generation. Of course blogging in Iran is a rampant phenomenon and the availability of metanal and the perceived anonymity helps the researchers to seek genuine comments about social issues on the weblogs. The fact that the bloggers and the lovers of "liquid love" both belong to the same generation will be of great help, indeed.

Workplace bullying: individual pathology or organizational culture? In: Workplace Violence: Issues, trends, strategies. Einarsen, S and Hoel, H and Zapf, D and Cooper, CL (2005).

Gambling Addiction as an Individual Pathology: A Commentary
Journal International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction Publisher Springer New York.

Terrorism as Individual Pathology - A common suggestion is that there must be something wrong with terrorists. Terrorists must be crazy, or suicidal. Psychology of Terrorism: Coping with the Continuing Threat - by Chris E. Stout - 2004 - Psychology - 267 pages.

"Internet addiction" in contemporary China : individual pathology or pathology of normalcy?. Bax, T. M.. (2011). (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR.