Copyright Act, 1957
The Indian copyright law borrowed largely from the 1956 Copyright Act of the United Kingdom. The Indian copyright law is governed by the Copyright Act, 1957. The Act was amended in 1983, 1984, 1992, 1999 and 1994.
The Indian copyright law adheres to the treaties of the
Berne Convention, the Universal Copyright Convention, the Rome Convention and the
Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement.
The International Copyright Order, 1999, extended the provisions of the Copyright Act to nationals of all World Trade Organization (WTO) Member countries.
Literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works (other
than photographs) - Sixty years from the beginning of the calendar year following the year
in which the author dies. The time frame starts subsequent to the author's death.
Anonymous/Pseudonymous/Posthumous works, Photographs, Movies, Sound recordings, - Sixty years from the beginning of the year following the year in which it was published.
Section 32 states that anyone can apply to the copyright
Board for a license to translate works seven years after first publication. Royalties will
need to be paid to the copyright owner and the royalty is determined by the Copyright
Board and not the author.
All government work is under copyright unlike in the works of the United States Government. This means that even information collected under the Right to Information Act may not be copied and disseminated by the recipient of such information.