Imperialism is the domination by countries over other countries for political and economic objectives. Imperialism by force of arms or through the economic and political power is common. Imperialism is a policy choice, not an inevitable consequence of capitalism according to Liberalism. Imperialism for colonies ended after World War II and a expansionist nationalism of an advanced capitalist state rare now. Imperialism also occurs in a formal empire, with a ruling nation and colonized territories. Imperialism as pattern was learned from the behavior of other nations and institutionalized into the domestic political processes of a state by a warrior class. Imperialism could now be aimed at settlement of problems caused by gaps between the international behavior of enterprises and the nation-state system.
Imperialism can also exist where one nation exercises dominant influence over trade and investment which is now called globalization with patterns of economic development, mass communication and mass society. The economic and social change in all the countries British imperialism has brought about has been great. Eco-Imperialism is imposition of industrialized country values and preferences on less powerful nations. Resistance to global environmental governance and the idea of eco-imperialism reflects the uncertainty of politics. Environmental protection is a luxury poor countries cannot afford and the notion is that wealthy countries have played a leadership role in the protection of environment. Environmental imperialism and trade liberalization threatens to accelerate this process.
- Ernest Mandel.
Provides a history of the British Empires rise and decline, and the economic and social transformations, but the Cultural Imperialism argument has limitations.
NEOLIBERAL IMPERIALISM AND PAN-AFRICAN RESISTANCE Niels S. C. Hahn
Department of Development Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.
Abstract: That neoliberalism cannot be analysed without also considering links to imperialism and neocolonialism.
The Missionary Rhetoric of Robert Boyd - Justin Livingstone.
Department of English Literature, University of Edinburgh, Literature and Theology 2009
Abstract: Revisits the complexity of missionary involvement in colonialism, and its rhetorical construction of otherness.
The Principle of Liberal Imperialism: Human Rights and Human Freedom in the Age of
Evangelical Capitalism - Jeff Noonan - Socialist Studies: The Journal of the
Society for Socialist Studies, Vol 2, No 1 (2006).
Abstract: The paper argues that the principle that underlies liberal imperialism is conceptually incoherent. Liberal nations claim they have a duty to intervene in non-liberal nations human rights violations.
Media Imperialism - Media imperialism revisited: some findings from the Asian case.
Kalyani Chadha, Anandam Kavoori - Media, Culture & Society, Vol. 22, No. 4, 415-432
Identifies forces such as the dynamics of audience preference and local competition which inhibit and restrict the proliferation of Western cultural production. With this empirical evidence, claims made by proponents of the media imperialism thesis seem overstated in the Asian context.
Linguistic Imperialism, linguistic democracy and English language teaching
Mohammad Aliakbari - Ilam University - Iran.
Abstract: Ten contradictory arguments which put the native speakers hegemony in international uses of English under question.
Remarx: Imperialism and the Rhetoric of Democracy in the Age of Wall Street. Antonio Callari - Rethinking Marxism, Routledge, part of the Taylor & Francis Group, Volume 20, Issue 4, Number 4, p.700.
Abstract: Links the new form of imperialism to the rise of a novel global crusade for bourgeois class democracy and argues that the resistance to this imperialism requires the Marxism discouse to engage on the idea of democracy.
Beyond Eco-Imperialism: An Environmental Justice Critique of Free Trade - Carmen G. Gonzalez, Seattle University - School of Law - Denver University Law Review, Vol. 78, p. 981, 2001. Abstract: Industrialized country proposals to integrate environmental protection into the WTO trade regime constitute environmental imperialism.
Moral Imperialism - In defence of moral imperialism: four equal and universal
prima facie principles - A Dawson, E Garrard - Journal of Medical
Abstract: It is moral imperialism that will provide universal moral principles.
Universalism and Imperialism: The True-False Paradox of International Law?
Emmanuelle Jouannet, Professor of International Law, Universitat Paris.
European Journal of International Law 2007 18(3):379-407; doi:10.1093/ejil/chm029
Abstract: This article examines one of the central recurrent questions in international law.
Beyond cultural imperialism: Cultural theory, christian missions, and global modernity. DUNCH Ryan; University of Alberta, CANADA - History and theory ISSN 0018-2656.
Abstract: Cultural imperialism has been an influential concept in the modern Christian missionary movement.
Cultural Imperialism : the United States in Latin America or "The Velvet Boot of the Shameless Hussy" Hixson, Carol G., 1955-; Casto, Jane; Halloran, Jude
Abstract: Despite the ambiguous, cliche quality of the phrase, it is of the upmost importance for understanding relations between developed and underdeveloped countries.
German Culture, Imperialism and Planetary Responsibility in the 18th Century. John K. Noyes, University of Toronto.
Abstract: European expansionism forced German intellectuals to re-think virtually all aspects of intellectual and cultural life in the 18th century. This resulted in a new way of thinking about humanitys place in the world, and gave rise to the modern awareness that the world is best viewed as a unity of diverse cultures.
and Globalisation - A panel planned for the confernce of the International
Studies Association, Chicago, February 20-24, 2001 - Fred W. Riggs.
Abstract: How is corporate power deployed in the world? What are the spatial and sectoral characteristics of the new corporate imperialism?
Evaluating the Leninist Theory of Imperialism - Willoughby, John - Science and Society; 59(3), Fall 1995, pages 320-38.
The Leninist theory of imperialism and its emphasis on the evolving forms of capital accumulation remains centrally important.
Lenin, Imperialism, and the Stages of Capitalist Development. McDonough, Terrence - Science and Society; 59(3), Fall 1995, pages 339-67.
The Highest Stage of Capitalism" is also a key contribution to the Marxian theory of stages of capitalism.
Lenin's Revolution in Time, Space and Economics and Its Implications: An Analysis of Imperialism. Birken, Lawrence - History of Political Economy; 23(4), Winter 1991, pages 613-23.
Despite the legitimizing term "Marxism-Leninism," Lenin accomplished a veritable revolution in Marxist thought in his seminal work on imperialism.
Marxist theories of imperialism: A critical survey. Brewer, Anthony - Second edition, London and New York: Routledge, 1990.
Examines the recent trends in the development of capitalism and their analysis by Marxists.
Postimperialism Revisited: The Venezuelan Wheat Import Controversy of 1986. Stander, Henricus J., III; Becker, David G. - World Development; 18(2), February 1990.
Postimperialism is a conception of international capitalism with implications for the behavior of transnational corporations in newly industrializing countries.
Postimperialism: International capitalism and development in the late twentieth century. Becker, David G. et al., Boulder and London: Lynne Rienner, 1987, pages x, 252.
An overall report on postimperialism, commenting on various theories.
Imperialism and the anti-imperialist mind. Feuer, Lewis S. - Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1986, pages vi, 265.
Argues that neo-Marxists err when they point to the relative backwardness of colonial people and blame imperialism on the advanced Western nations.
Toward a Neo-Institutionalist Theory of Imperialism, Willoughby, John, Review of Radical Political Economics; 25(3), September 1993, pages 60-67.
John Hobson, Thorstein Veblen and the Phenomenon of Imperialism: Finance Capital, Patriotism and War, Edgell, Stephen; Townshend, Jules, American Journal of Economics and Sociology; 51(4), October 1992, pages 401-20.
Marx's Theory of Imperialism and the Irish National Question, Lim, Jie Hyun, Science and Society; 56(2), Summer 1992, pages 163-78.
The Modern Theory of Imperialism, Marz, Eduard, Marz, Eduard. Joseph Schumpeter: Scholar, teacher and politician. Translation, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1991, pages 62-84. Previously published: .
Imperialism and Uneven Development: U.S. Policy in Taiwan and Nicaragua, Medley, Joseph E., Review of Radical Political Economics; 21(3), 1989, pages 112-17
A Methodological Analysis of Dependency Theory: Explanation in Andre Gunder Frank, Ruccio, David F.; Simon, Lawrence H., World Development; 14(2), 1986, pages 195-209
War, Imperialism and the State System: A Critique of Orthodox Marxism for the 1980s, Shaw, Martin, Shaw, Martin, ed. War, State and Society. New York: St. Martin's Press: London: Macmillan Press, 1984, pages 47-70.
Hobson's Theory of Imperialism and the Leninist Critique Thereof, Fitzgerald, Frank T., Economic Forum; 13(3), Winter 1982-83, pages 1-24.
Kalecki, Luxemburg, and Imperialism, Darity, William A., Jr., Journal of Post Keynesian Economics; 2(2), Winter 1979 80, pages 223-30.
Rosa Luxemburg and the Impact of Imperialism, Lee, George, Economic Journal; 81(324), Dec. 1971, pages 847-62.