Sociology Index

IDEOLOGICAL HEGEMONY

Ideological Hegemony is seen where a particular ideology is pervasively reflected throughout a society in all principal social institutions, and permeates its cultural ideas and social relationships. Ideological hegemony is linked to a set of ideas and beliefs that uphold and justify an existing or desired arrangement of power, authority, wealth and status in a society. The kind of ideological hegemony that operates in America is different from the mechanisms used by totalitarian states to maintain control. Ideological hegemony operates through many mechanisms including the media, education system, newspeak and others with the primary function of maintaining support for the dominant socio-economic system in the United States.

Ideological Hegemony is a concept of Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci which refers to political and social domination. Ideological hegemony is a system of thought control. Social power can be exercised within any given society through ideological hegemony. Ideological hegemony operates through many institutions and mechanisms. The focus is on how each of these institutions acts to create and reinforce ideological hegemony. Government regulations can also act to pressure private schools to reproduce bourgeois ideological hegemony. A socialist ideology advocates the transformation of society from capitalism to collective ownership and economic equality.

A liberal ideology associated with capitalism and capitalist societies upholds that system as the best, and most desirable form of social arrangement. Patriarchal ideology leads to male social domination of women. A racist ideology leads to classification of people into distinct races. Racist ideologies are used as justifications for systems of slavery or colonial exploitation. According to Dominant ideology thesis, there is in most societies a set of belief which dominates all others.

Ideological Hegemony and Global Governance
Thomas Ford Brown, Johns Hopkins University.
In After Liberalism, Wallerstein argues that liberalism is in decline, both as a system and as a hegemonic discourse (Wallerstein, 1995). He holds that since the collapse of Communism, no hope for liberation remains that can tame the world's working class, and that liberalism cannot consequently survive. I would argue that free-markete conomics ideology is more potent than Wallerstein allows, and that laissez-faire libertarian utopianism could conceivably prove as seductive to a disillusioned working class as socialist utopianism was during the early 20th century. I speak to "libertarianism" as it is understood in the United States: as a fiscally conservative and socially liberal political philosophy that upholds individual liberties and individual property rights above all other ideals. As such, libertarianism functions as the philosophical justification for Chicago school economic policy.

Controversy and Ideological Hegemony in Sociological Theory
Mark L. Wardell , Ellsworth R. Fuhrman, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. ABSTRACT: Charles Horton Cooley's notion of the individual and society being twin-born has been labeled one of the major breakthroughs in this controversy. Sociology, we contend, occupies an alienated position within capitalist society where positivist epistemology serves as an ideological veil. As an ideological veil, positivism contributes to the recurring bifurcation of social reality. The dominance of positivism within sociology, moreover, gives it a hegemonic status, further negating any recognition that the individual and society are interdependent.

Ideological Hegemony - Thought Control in American Society.
In June 2003 a Washington Post-ABC News poll found that about 1 in 4 Americans (incorrectly) believed Iraq had used weapons of mass destruction during the war with the United States. These misconceptions are the outcome of a system of thought control called ideological hegemony.
Ideological hegemony in the United States operates in a similar manner. Critics play an important role in perpetuating ideological hegemony. ideological Hegemony is the result of the way the media, education system and other institutions are set up and have evolved. The power elite, have far greater power, wealth and prestige than those below them. During the First World War the government found that if they could convince the educated classes that their war propaganda was true and kept them indoctrinated then it will magnify the effects of ideological hegemony. The idea of “objectivity” is also used to reinforce ideological hegemony. Whether liberal-conservative ideas happen to be correct and whether ideological hegemony exists are two separate issues. Even if it could be shown that a philosophy within the liberal-conservative spectrum were correct this would not change the fact that there exists a social system, ideological hegemony, which acts to indoctrinate the populace into believing in those ideas.

Ideological Hegemony and The Indo-U.S. Nuclear Deal - Priyanka Mahadevia.
Abstract: The Indo-U.S. nuclear deal is currently an extremely controversial issue that faces strong opposition from states who view the deal as a violation of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation treaty, and an exemplification of the U.S.’s inconsistent participation in the NPT regime. Current analyses of the NPT regime are centered on identifying actors and policies that are worthy of censure, and that can be held accountable for the regime’s collapse. My research moves away from this trend by focusing on a key process, of hegemonic legitimization, in order to add an underemphasized dimension to our understanding of the problems facing the NPT.

Class Domination and Ideological Hegemony - David L. Sallach, Washington University.
Correspondence to Reprints of this article may be obtained by writing to David Sallach, Department of Sociology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130. ABSTRACT: The concept of ideological hegemony is introduced as a significant component of a Marxist view of social order. The hegemonic process is described and available evidence is examined in the areas of political socialization and mass media. A pattern in which debate and discussion are circumscribed while alternative values and world views are ignored or suppressed was found to characterize these two areas. This pattern was seen to provide further support for the Marxist view that an ideological hegemony imposed by the dominant class is the ideational manifestation of a social order based upon coercion.

Ideology and Growth Promotion - Bridger, Jeffrey C.; Harp, Aaron J.
Journal of Rural Studies. Abstract: Uses ideological hegemony concept to analyze one local elite's efforts to "sell" community growth. Expands growth ideology research explaining wealth transfer from public to social elite in local areas. Examines government, media roles of disseminating "pro-growth" ideology with case studies. Property, progress, and community identified as central to ideological hegemony.

The Discourse on the Digital Divide: Are We Being Co-opted?
Ilhan Kucukaydin, Elizabeth J. Tisdell, Penn State University - Harrisburg. Abstract: This paper strives to reconstruct the digital divide discourse from a Gramscian perspective in relation to educators’ role in cultural force in the process of hegemonic dominance. Educators either serve the interest of ruling elites and help the maintenance of ideological hegemony or counter-serve hegemonic forces by breaking the cycle of dehumanization and oppression. In essence, the digital divide discourse and its popularization were perceived as a product of ideological hegemony. In order to analyze the digital divide discourse, this paper looked at the current literature related to digital divide, and then examined technology’s historical relations with the hegemonic power structure.
Ideological hegemony meant that the majority of the population accepted what was happening in society as ‘common sense’ or as ‘the only way of running society’.

Hegemony and Historiography: The Politics of Pedagogy - Yvette Claire Rosser, PhD - A.B.D. - Yvette Claire Rosser is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Curriculum and Instruction at The University of Texas at Austin. She has a M.A. -South Asian History and Culture & a B.A. (with honors), in Asian Studies from UT Austin. Abstract: This paper situates a discussion of the influences of colonialism, nationalism, and politics on historiography and curriculum development within a comparative study of the contents of Social Studies textbooks in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan. It traces the impact of colonial policies on pedagogical institutions in South Asia and their subsequent appropriation by the nationalist discourse. It discusses the ubiquitous implementation of the 'culture of textbooks,' which simultaneously brought about a loss of status for teachers and became instruments which reify and replicate class inequalities and religious and cultural differences by promoting rote learning and reproduction instead of dialectical.

Heritage Institutions, Resistance, and Praxis - Susan L.T. Ashley. Abstract: Abstract: Heritage institutions traditionally function as subtle hegemonic devices for the production and public representation of knowledge, meaning, and belonging. This article looks at the role of public intellectuals called heritage interpreters who work at heritage institutions as agents of knowledge production. The concept of the public sphere is considered in relation to the ideas of Antonio Gramsci on hegemony, the intellectual, and praxis to offer an expanded view of communicative production at heritage institutions. The article explores the interpreter’s role resisting ideological hegemony and commodification, and in creating spaces and conversations for alternative imaginings of and struggle toward public knowledge and radical pedagogy.

Religion and the Media in a Battle for Ideological Hegemony: the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God and TV Globo in Brazil, BIRMAN P.; LEHMANN D.