HUNTER GATHERER SOCIETY
The hunter gatherer society is the earliest form of human society and still persisting to some extent in remote regions of the world.
The hunter gatherer society had an economic base that rested on the use of the naturally occurring animal and plant resources of the environment.
The hunter gatherer society does not practice agriculture or raise and herd animals. Social structure is usually egalitarian with little economic and gender inequality. Private property is minimal in hunter gatherer society.
The hunter gatherer society is among the early societies believed to have had a matriarchal tribal system.
Hunting and gathering was subsistence strategy of hunter gatherer societies for more than two million years.
In a hunter-gatherer society the
primary subsistence method involves the direct procurement of edible plants and animals
from the wild, foraging and hunting without significant recourse to the domestication of
either. The Hunter-gatherer society obtains most from gathering rather than hunting.
Ethnographic studies and historical information, provide information about hunter-gatherer society. Interdisciplinary fields such as ethnohistory, ethnoarchaeology, human ecology, paleoanthropology and paleoethnobotany also throw light on hunter-gatherers.
Hunter-gatherer societies have
non-hierarchical, egalitarian social structures. Hunter gatherer societies there is sexual
parity. Egalitarianism is common in hunter-gatherer groups. Hunter gatherer
societies will share meat with the rest of the group.
Upper Palaeolithic figures
as a reflection of human morphology and social
Biogeography and Long-Run