HUNTER GATHERER SOCIETY
The hunter gatherer society is the earliest form of human society and still persisting to some extent in remote regions of the world. The hunter gatherer society had an economic base that rested on the use of the naturally occurring animal and plant resources of the environment. In hunter-gatherer societies war is caused by grudges and vendettas rather than for territory or economic benefit.
The hunter gatherer society does not practice agriculture or raise and herd animals. Social structure is usually egalitarian with little economic and gender inequality. Private property is minimal in hunter gatherer society. The hunter gatherer society is among the early societies believed to have had a matriarchal tribal system.
The transition from a hunter-gather economy to agricultural production that ultimately led to the industrial revolution, is one of the most important events in the thousands of years of humankinds economic development.
Hunting and gathering was subsistence strategy of hunter gatherer societies for more than two million years. In a hunter-gatherer society the subsistence method was the direct procurement of edible plants and animals from the wild, foraging and hunting without significant recourse to the domestication of either. The Hunter-gatherer society obtains most from gathering rather than hunting.
Originally, hunter-gatherer society lived exclusively in open savanna and were generally meat scavangers than hunters. They used carcasses of large animals killed by other predators or carcasses from animals that died by natural cause.
Ethnographic studies and historical information, provide information about hunter-gatherer society. Interdisciplinary fields such as ethnohistory, ethnoarchaeology, human ecology, paleoanthropology and paleoethnobotany also throw light on hunter-gatherer society.
Hunter-gatherer societies have
non-hierarchical, egalitarian social structures. In hunter gatherer societies there is
sexual parity. Egalitarianism is common in hunter-gatherer groups. Hunter gatherer
societies will share meat with the rest of the group.
Upper Palaeolithic figures
as a reflection of human morphology and social