Sociology Index

Horizontal Social Mobility

Social Mobility is the transition of an individual or social object or value - anything that has been created or modified by human activity - from one social position to another. In social mobility we have movement of individuals or groups from one position to another. It might be horizontal social mobility or Vertical Social Mobility.

Horizontal social mobility is the transition of an individual from one position to another situated on the same level, that is, moving from one company to another in the same occupational status.

Horizontal social mobility concerns, according to Sorokin, 'transition of an individual or social object from one social group to another situated on the same level’, while vertical social mobility, ‘refers to transitions of people from one social stratum to one higher or lower in the social scale’ (Sorokin, 1959).

Examples of horizontal social mobility:

Horizontal social mobility can be seen in the transition of an individual or social object from one social group to another situated on the same level.

Horizontal social mobility can be seen in the transition of individuals without any noticeable change of the social position of an individual or social object in the vertical direction.

Horizontal social mobility can be seen in the transition from one citizenship to another,

Horizontal social mobility can be seen in the transition from one family to another by divorce and remarriage,

Horizontal social mobility can be seen in the transition from one factory to another in the same occupational status.

Horizontal social mobility can be seen in the transition of social objects, the radio, automobile, fashion culture, Communism, Darwinism, within the same social stratum, from one place to another.