HOMOGAMY is marriage between
individuals who are, in some culturally important way, similar to each other. The
similarity may be based on ethnicity, religion or socio-economic status.
Homogamy is a descriptive
concept only and does not refer to rules or customs about mate selection. Homophily often leads to homogamy, that is, marriage to people
with similar characteristics. Biologists have devoted much attention to assortative mating
or homogamy, but not heterogamy.
Searching for homogamy:
an in-class exercise. An article from: College Student Journall - Lecture and
discussion of homogamy as a guiding principle to identify a partner with whom one is
likely to have a happy and durable marriage preceded playing the exercise.
Migration and Marriage:
Heterogamy and Homogamy in a Changing World - Barbara Waldis, Reginald Byron
What do social anthropologists
have to say about heterogamy and homogamy in situations of movement and flux, and what
does this tell us about processes of boundary-definition?
Occupational Homogamy in
Eight Countries of the European Union, 1975-89 - Jeroen Smits, Wout Ultee,
Jan Lammers, University of Amsterdam, and Nijmegen University. Acta Sociologica, Vol. 42,
No. 1, 55-68 (1999)
Most of the association is due to a tendency towards occupational similarity between the
spouses, though strength of occupational similarity differs between countries and
decreases by about 16 per cent between 1975 and 1989, indicating that the social structure of the countries has become more open in
this period. By comparing the changes in occupational homogamy of successive birth cohorts
over time, we find that when the spouses belonging to a certain birth cohort
grow older, their degree of occupational similarity decreases.
Party Political Homogamy
in Great Britain - Richard James Lampard, Univ. of Warwick Coventry, E S R
There is a high level of party political homogamy in Great Britain. Statistical analyses
show that levels of homogamy vary according to strength of party political identification,
parental homogamy, age, and marital status. Attitudes towards homogamy are shown to vary
with age. The implications of these findings for theories relating to the origins of
homogamy and to the consequences of heterogamy are considered. Broadly speaking, the
findings indicate that party political homogamy is a consequence of demographic
constraints, utility-maximizing choices, and responses to cultural norms.
Why does unemployment
come in couples? An analysis of (un)employment and (non)employment homogamy tables for
Canada, the Netherlands and the United States in the 1980s - WOUT ULTEE, JOS
DESSENS and WIM JANSEN, University of Utrecht.
According to one explanation, (un)employment homogamy is a by-product of educational
homogamy combined with a relation at the individual level between education and
unemployment. Although the existence of educational homogamy in could be ascertained, and
although in these countries unemployment is higher when education is lower, these findings
could not fully explain the observed extent of (un)employment homogamy.
According to a more complex explanation, the phenomenon of (un)employment homogamy will
disappear when we allow, after these effects of education, for similar effects of age and
region. This was tested for the USA, and did not explain the observed extent of
(un)employment homogamy. Findings show that labour market inequalities are aggravated
by marriage market outcomes (educational and age homogamy). But, in addition, the finding
of persistent couple effects suggests that, apart from labour market and marriage market
effects, other processes taking place after marriage make for (un)employment homogamy.
The Effects of Religious
Homogamy on Marital Satisfaction and Stability
TIM B. HEATON, EDITH L. PRATT, Brigham Young University
Journal of Family Issues, Vol. 11, No. 2, 191-207 (1990).
Previous studies have indicated a relationship between religious homogamy and marital
satisfaction and stability. Using loglinear analysis of national survey data, this study
tested the effects of three types of religious homogamy, namely, denominational
affiliation, church attendance, and belief in the Bible. Results
indicated that denominational affiliation homogamy is the most critical, with church
attendance homogamy contributing slightly to marital success.
Religious Homogamy and Marital Happiness - SUZANNE T. ORTEGA, HUGH
P. WHITT, J. ALLEN WILLIAM, Jr., University of Nebraska-Lincoln Journal of Family
Issues, Vol. 9, No. 2, 224-239 (1988)
Data from married Protestants and Catholics were used to examine the relationship between
religious homogamy and marital happiness. Although couples may vary in the extent to which
they share religious views, previous research has treated religious homogamy as a
dichotomy; a couple is either homogamous or it is not. In the present study religious
bodies were classified on the basis of doctrine and ritual,
yielding six categories: Baptism, Calvinism, Catholicism,
fundamentalism, Lutheranism, and Methodism.
Social Integration, Heterogeneity, and Divorce: The
Case of the Swedish-speaking Population in Finland - Fjalar Finnäs, Institutet för
finlandssvensk samhällsforskning, Vasa - Acta Sociologica, Vol. 40, No. 3, 263-277 (1997)
© 1997 Scandinavian Sociological Association
The study compared marital stability in Finland with focus on the two language groups. The
divorce rate was remarkably lower among the Swedish-speaking minority than among the
Finnish-speaking majority. The assumption about the effect of social integration was also
supported by covariates measuring urbanization and individual migration. A hypothesis that
marital homogamy rather than heterogamy reduces the divorce rate found support only with
respect to the language of the spouses but not with respect to level of education or age.
Spatial homogamy in the Netherlands: mapping distances between partners
Karen Haandrikman, Leo van Wissen, Carel Harmsen and Inge Hutter
The spatial dimension of the partner market is underexposed in research on recent marriage
patterns. When distance decay is applied to partner choice, we can state that the number
of unions declines as the distance between potential partners increases. To what extent
are partners spatially homogamous in the Netherlands? Can regional and spatial patterns
concerning spatial homogamy be identified? For couples who start a shared living, the
former addresses of both partners are compared.
Partners are homogamous regarding age, education, occupation, social origin, religion and
geographical origin. The spatial dimension has been underexposed in research on recent
marriage patterns. In earlier studies, spatial homogamy, the similarity of partners
regarding geographical background, is mentioned.
Ono, Hiromi. 2006. "Homogamy among the Divorced and the Never Married on
Marital History in Recent Decades: Evidence from Vital Statistics Data."
Social Science Research 35 (2): 356-383.
I investigate whether divorced and never married persons tend to marry within their own
marital history group. This analysis assesses distinctions that may exist between the
never married and the divorced, which informs the distinctions between first marriages and
remarriages, across which inequality among coresident children has been observed. I find
evidence of a tendency toward marital history homogamy beyond that accounted for by
relative group size, education, and age. The never married and the divorced are more
likely to marry within their marital history group than to intermarry. Results also
indicate that, although the tendency toward marital history homogamy unaccounted for by
group size, age, and education persisted throughout the period 1970-1988, it did diminish.
INTERMARRIAGE AND HOMOGAMY: Causes, Patterns, Trends
Matthijs Kalmijn, Department of Sociology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 24: 395-421 (Volume publication date August 1998)
Abstract: People have a tendency to marry within their social group or to marry a person
who is close to them in status. Sociologists have most often examined endogamy and
homogamy with respect to race/ethnicity, religion, and socioeconomic status. I first give
an overview of hypotheses on the causes of endogamy and homogamy: the preferences of
marriage candidates for certain characteristics in a spouse, the interference of
"third parties" in the selection process, and the constraints of the marriage
market in which candidates are searching for a spouse. I summarize empirical evidence by answering four questions: To what
extent are groups endogamous and how do groups differ in this respect? How has endogamy
changed over time? Which factors are related to endogamy?