Sociology Index

HOMOGAMY

Books on Homogamy

HOMOGAMY is marriage between individuals who are similar to each other. The similarity may be based on ethnicity, religion or socio-economic status. Homogamy is a descriptive concept only and does not refer to rules or customs about mate selection. Homophily often leads to homogamy, that is, marriage to people with similar characteristics. Biologists have devoted much attention to assortative mating or homogamy, but not heterogamy.

Searching for homogamy: an in-class exercise. An article from: College Student Journall - Lecture and discussion of homogamy as a guiding principle to identify a partner with whom one is likely to have a happy and durable marriage preceded playing the exercise.

Migration and Marriage: Heterogamy and Homogamy in a Changing World - Barbara Waldis, Reginald Byron. What do social anthropologists have to say about heterogamy and homogamy in situations of movement and flux, and what does this tell us about processes of boundary-definition?

Occupational Homogamy in Eight Countries of the European Union, 1975-89 - Jeroen Smits, Wout Ultee, Jan Lammers, University of Amsterdam, and Nijmegen University.
The strength of occupational similarity differs between countries and decreases by about 16 per cent between 1975 and 1989, indicating that the social structure of the countries has become more open in this period. By comparing the changes in occupational homogamy of successive birth cohorts over time, we find that when the spouses belonging to a certain birth cohort grow older, their degree of occupational similarity decreases.

Party Political Homogamy in Great Britain - Richard James Lampard.
The high level of party political homogamy in Great Britain. Statistical analyses show that levels of homogamy vary according to strength of party political identification, parental homogamy, and age. Attitudes towards homogamy are shown to vary with age. The implications of these findings for theories relating to the origins of homogamy. The findings indicate that party political homogamy is a consequence of demographic constraints, utility-maximizing choices, and responses to cultural norms.

Why does unemployment come in couples? An analysis of (un)employment and (non)employment homogamy tables for Canada, the Netherlands and the United States in the 1980s - WOUT ULTEE, JOS DESSENS and WIM JANSEN, University of Utrecht.
Unemployment homogamy is a by-product of educational homogamy combined with a relation at the individual level between education and unemployment. Although the existence of educational homogamy in could be ascertained, and although in these countries unemployment is higher when education is lower, these findings could not fully explain the observed extent of unemployment homogamy. 
The phenomenon of unemployment homogamy will disappear when we allow, after these effects of education, for similar effects of age and region. This was tested for the USA, and did not explain the observed extent of unemployment homogamy. Findings show that labour market inequalities are aggravated by marriage market outcomes, educational and age homogamy. The finding of persistent couple effects suggests that, other processes taking place after marriage make for unemployment homogamy.

The Effects of Religious Homogamy on Marital Satisfaction and Stability 
TIM B. HEATON, EDITH L. PRATT, Brigham Young University 
Journal of Family Issues, Vol. 11, No. 2, 191-207 (1990).
Previous studies have indicated a relationship between religious homogamy and marital satisfaction and stability. This study tested the effects of three types of religious homogamy, namely, denominational affiliation, church attendance, and belief in the Bible. Results indicated that denominational affiliation homogamy is the most critical, with church attendance homogamy contributing slightly to marital success.

Religious Homogamy and Marital Happiness - SUZANNE T. ORTEGA, HUGH P. WHITT, J. ALLEN WILLIAM, Jr., University of Nebraska-Lincoln Journal of Family Issues, Vol. 9, No. 2, 224-239 (1988)
The relationship between religious homogamy and marital happiness. Although couples may vary in the extent to which they share religious views, previous research has treated religious homogamy as a dichotomy; a couple is either homogamous or it is not. In the present study religious bodies were classified on the basis of doctrine and ritual, yielding six categories: Baptism, Calvinism, Catholicism, fundamentalism, Lutheranism, and Methodism.

Social Integration, Heterogeneity, and Divorce: The Case of the Swedish-speaking Population in Finland - Fjalar Finnäs.
A hypothesis that marital homogamy rather than heterogamy reduces the divorce rate found support only with respect to the language of the spouses but not with respect to level of education or age.

Spatial homogamy in the Netherlands: mapping distances between partners
Karen Haandrikman, Leo van Wissen, Carel Harmsen and Inge Hutter
Can regional and spatial patterns concerning spatial homogamy be identified? For couples who start a shared living, the former addresses of both partners are compared. In earlier studies, spatial homogamy, the similarity of partners regarding geographical background, is mentioned.

Ono, Hiromi. 2006. "Homogamy among the Divorced and the Never Married on Marital History in Recent Decades: Evidence from Vital Statistics Data."
I find evidence of a tendency toward marital history homogamy beyond that accounted for by relative group size, education, and age. Results indicate that, although the tendency toward marital history homogamy unaccounted for by group size, age, and education persisted throughout the period 1970-1988, it did diminish.

INTERMARRIAGE AND HOMOGAMY: Causes, Patterns, Trends
Matthijs Kalmijn, Department of Sociology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Sociologists have most often examined endogamy and homogamy with respect to race, ethnicity, religion, and socioeconomic status. I summarize empirical evidence by answering four questions: To what extent are groups endogamous and how do groups differ in this respect?