Sociology Index


Hierarchy is the structuring of social statuses and roles within an organization or society ranked according to differentiations of power, authority, wealth, income, etc. Related terms of hierarchy are ranking or stratification. Issues of hierarchy extend beyond issues of social class.

Varieties of Hierarchies and Markets: an Introduction 
GARY G. HAMILTON, Univ of Washington Seattle, ROBERT C. FEENSTRA, Univ of California
Abstract: The paper presents both a theoretical and an empirical argument that the concept of hierarchy needs to be reconceptualized.We develop a synthesis between Coase's and Williamson's conception of a market/hierarchy dichotomy and Weber's distinction between economic power and authority.

Gender Hierarchy Among Gujarati Immigrants: Linking Immigration Policy and Cultural Norms. - Nandini Narain Assar.
The nature of motel work allows women to contribute their labor full-time and still remain housewives. Community financing and family labor allow for the economic success of Patels. When families take on subsequent links in the chain migration, they must meet the costs of migration and maintain traditional gender hierarchy. When they are the last link in the chain, there is a challenge to this hierarchy. Patels maintain traditional gender hierarchy. When either partner is linked to the labor market, there is a challenge to traditional gender hierarchy.

Class Identities and the Identity of Class 
Wendy Bottero, University of Southampton - Sociology, Vol. 38, No. 5, 985-1003 (2004).
We analyse the occupational structure of friendship and present empirical evidence that show that there is one dimension of this structure that can be plausibly interpreted as reflecting a hierarchy of status. 'Is There a Status Order in Contemporary British Society? Evidence from the Occupational Structure of Friendship', Working Paper Number 2002-03, Department of Sociology, University of Oxford, October, Chan, Tak Wing and Goldthorpe, John.

The Enduring Place of Hierarchy in World Politics: Tracing the Social Logics of Hierarchy and Political Change - John M. Hobson, Univ. of Sheffield, J. C. Sharman, Univ. of Sydney, Australia.
Most assume that the state retains its sovereignty under globalization. In contrast we argue that hierarchical sub-systems have been common since 1648, and that the international system continues to be characterized by hierarchical relations.

Hierarchy, Alienation, Commitment, and Organizational Effectiveness 
William M. Evan, The Wharton School, Department of Sociology and Management, University of Pennsylvania.
Four dimensions of organizational hierarchy are identified: inequality of skills and knowledge, inequality of authority, and inequality of information distribution. Some evidence for the alternative hypothesis is examined. The phenomenon of "shop-floor democracy" is conceptualized as involving a process of destratification with respect to allfour dimensions of hierarchy.

The policy statements of the British Conservative government are heavily influenced by `new right' ideology. The impact of policy change fits an old right programme of dependency, obligation and hierarchy better than a `new right' ideology of market individualism.

Ryon Lancaster. “Constructing Careers: The Creation of Hierarchy in the Catholic Church.”