Among distinguished sociologists, Harry Braverman often used the pseudonym Harry Frankel. Harry Braverman was involved in the American Trotskyist movement and Socialist Workers Party. Braverman rewrote volume one of Capital, producing a history of capitalism's expropriation of control from direct producers. Sociology of work and industry and industrial psychology aimed to attune workers to work, but Harry Braverman focused on the transformation of work itself.
In his analysis of the degradation of work, Braverman was also recounting the objective experience of the worker and the recomposition of class structure. Harry Braverman's book Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century, examines the degrading effect of capitalism on work in America. "Marxism," according to Harry Braverman, "is not a ready-made slot-machine dogma, but a broad theory of social development which requires application and re-interpretation in every period."
Braverman became editor of The American Socialist, the publication of The Socialist Union and began to think and write more concretely about labor, the labor process, machinery and class consciousness. These writings of Braverman would later become the key themes of Labor and Monopoly Capital.