Sociology Index

Globalization

Jan Aart Scholte's globalization

The globalization process is seen as driven by the growth of international capitalism and involving the transformation of the culture and social structures of non-capitalist and pre-industrial societies. Globalization is marked by the expansion of the size and power of multinational corporations. The globalization process in the economic sphere can be seen in international trade agreements and the enormous increase in volume of international trade and growing economic interdependency between countries.   Globalization is a process of internationalization of communication, trade, human resource and economic organization. The terms, Mcdonaldization, Uberisation and eBayization are also now used to refer to globalization.

Explaining Welfare State Survival: The Role of Economic Freedom and Globalization - ANDREAS BERGH, Ratio Institute; Lund University - Department of Economics. Abstract: It is shown that the Scandinavian welfare states have experienced faster economic freedom compared to the smaller Central-European and the Anglo-Saxon welfare states. Globalization and market economy do not pose threats to these welfare states.

Corporate Codes of Conduct and the Success of Globalization
Ethics & International Affairs, Volume 16.1 (Spring 2002) - S. Prakash Sethi 
Abstract: The expanding role of multinational corporations in developing countries, within the context of globalization and free market economy. A failure to undertake meaningful reforms will retard globalization. Such a failure would undermine economic freedom in the world that respect individual freedom and protection of human rights.
 

Sovereignty, globalization and transnational social movements 
Raimo Vayrynen - Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame. Abstract: The anti-globalization Social movements has been able to redefine the terms of the globalization debate.

Globalization and the governance of space: a critique of Krasner on sovereignty. Steve Smith, University of wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion SY 23 2AA, Wales UK. Abstract: The relationship between globalization and sovereignty, focusing on the arguments of Stephen Krasner as to the limited changes to this relationship represented by globalization.

From Modernization to Globalization: Challenges and Opportunities 
Dawn H. Currie, Anthropology and Sociology, University of British Columbia
Sunera Thobani, Center for Research in Women's Studies and Gender Relations
Notions of globalization have displaced familiar discourses of modernization. The purpose of this article is to review feminist critiques of globalization.

Broadening The Debate, The Pros and Cons of Globalization 
Joyce S. Osland, San Jose State University 
The winners and losers resulting from globalization are identified with empirical evidence of its impact on key areas, equality, labor, government, culture and community, and the environment.

Globalization and Social Policy: From Global Neoliberal Hegemony to Global Political Pluralism. Nicola Yeates, Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland 

Global Neoliberal Hegemony to Global Political Pluralism 
Many accounts of globalization and social policy accept the globalization thesis in emphasizing the naturalistic, inevitable nature of globalization.

Globalization, Poverty, and Inequality since 1980. David Dollar 
One of the most contentious issues of globalization is the effect on inequality and poverty. This article documents five trends in the modern era of globalization.

Globalization and Inequality, Past and Present. Jeffrey G. Williamson 
The inequality produced by global economic forces before World War I was responsible in part for the retreat from globalization after the war.

Welfare lobby groups responding to globalization. A case study of the Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS). Philip Mendes, Department of Social Work, Faculty of Medicine, Monash University. This article explores the response of an Australian welfare lobby group to the globalization challenges.

Globalization and Nationalism. John A. Hall 
This paper suggests that the nation-state has lost its functional salience for modernity. That the world economy is far from globalized. An insistence of national diversity within capitalism.

The End of Geography? Globalization, Communications, and Culture in the International System. J. MICHAEL GREIG, Department of Political Science University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Globalization and communications carry important consequences for culture in the international system.

GLOBALIZATION AND DEMOCRACY
Kathleen C. Schwartzman, Department of Sociology, University of Arizona. 
Democracy and democratization was accompanied by a paradigm shift that took the large number of historically clustered democratizations and called it a wave.

Economic Globalization and Transnational Terrorism 
A Pooled Time-Series Analysis - Quan Li, Drew Schaub, Department of Political Science, Pennsylvania State University. The effect of economic globalization on the number of transnational terrorist incidents within countries is analyzed statistically.

GLOBALIZATION AND THE EMPOWERMENT OF TALENT
Dalia Marin and Thierry Verdier. Abstract: Organizational equilibrium emerges in the integrated world economy in which control is delegated to lower levels of the firms' hierarchy empowering human capital.

Globalization of the Economy. Jeffrey Frankel - August 2000.
Abstract: Documents the extent of globalization and some reasons for the barriers that remains. Globalization is not the primary obstacle to efforts to address such concerns.

Globalization of Law: Terence C. Halliday, American Bar Foundation, Pavel Osinsky, Department of Sociology, Northwestern University, Annual Review of Sociology - Vol. 32: 447-470. Research demonstrates that globalization is variably contested in several domains of research on law.

Globalization and the distribution of income: The economic arguments 
Ronald W. Jones - Department of Economics, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY.
The impact of globalization on the wage premium between the skilled and unskilled may not be as obvious as previously thought.

Web-science communication in the age of globalization 
Han Woo Park - YeungNam University, South Korea 
Mike Thelwall - University of Wolverhampton, UK 
Globalization with regional imbalances and individual high performing countries.

Copyright and globalization in the age of computer networks. Richard Stallman
Abstract: Copyright developed in the age of the printing press. But the copyright system does not fit well with computer networks.

Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership? Richard B. Freeman
Abstract: That changes in the global job market for science and engineering workers are eroding US dominance in S&E.

Globalization and Social Work: International and Local Implications. Karen Lyons. Globalization impacts differentially on the work opportunities and living conditions of populations around the world. and has also influenced thinking about welfare policies, including through state provision. Globalization thus has implications for the practice and education of social and community workers in both affluent and poverty stricken states.

The Internationalization of Money and Finance and the Globalization of Financial Markets. JAMES R. LOTHIAN, Fordham University - College of Business Administration; National Bureau of Economic Research. Journal of International Money and Finance, 2002. Abstract: Financial globalization and how it has altered since the late classical era. The quantitative data that I use extend back slightly more than three centuries. The conclusion is that the internationalization of money and finance and the globalization of financial markets are not new phenomena.

Globalization, Democracy, and Effective Welfare Spending in the Developing World. Nita Rudra, University of Pittsburgh - Stephan Haggard, University of California, San Diego. Social spending in authoritarian regimes is more sensitive to the pressures of globalization than in democratic or intermediate regimes.

Green and Brown? Globalization and the Environment 
James K. Boyce - University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Abstract: How the opportunities created by globalization alter balances of power within countries and among them.

Debate: Globalization and local response to epidemiological overlap in 21st century Ecuador. William F Waters 
Epidemiologiy, transition and globalization.

Experiences of Globalization and Health in the Narratives of Women Industrial Workers in Sri Lanka. Chamila T. Attanapola 
Most women workers do not spend their increased income on health benefits for themselves but give priority to saving for their futures. A majority are unable to enjoy the benefits of globalization.

Globalization, Technological Changes and the Search for a New Paradigm for Women's Work. Swasti Mitter 
Emphasizes the role of the state, the family and women workers' organizations in counteracting the negative consequences of globalization.

Globalization Books And Reviews

Critical Theories of Globalization : An Introduction. Chamsy el-Ojeili
Comprehensive overview of globalization and its consequences. This book argues that debates about globalization cannot be divorced from struggles for emancipation or from the contradictory realities of contemporary society.

Education, Globalization and Social Change . Phillip Brown, Jo-Anne Dillabough, A. H. Halsey, Hugh Lauder (Editor). Key readings, with particular reference to globalization, for anyone concerned with the study of education.

Globalization, Cultural Identities, And Media Representations (Suny Series, Explorations in Postcolonial Studies). Natascha Gentz, Stefan Kramer.
Globalization, Cultural Identities, and Media Representations provides a multidirectional approach for understanding the role of media in constructing cultural identities in a newly globalized media environment.

Development Models, Globalization and Economies : A Search for the Holy Grail? John B. Kidd, Frank-Jurgen Richter. Compares and critiques the different economic models available in today's global market place.

Globalization From Below : Transnational Activists And Protest Networks (Social Movements, Protest and Contention). Donatella della Porta Della Porta, Massimillano Andretta, Lorenzo Mosca, Herbert Reiter Reiter
Demonstrations surrounding the 2001 G8 summit in Genoa, Italy. The protests proved to be a critical moment in the global justice movement. Globalization from Below analyzes a movement from the viewpoints of the activists, organizers, and demonstrators themselves.

Discovering Nature : Globalization and Environmental Culture in China and Taiwan. Robert P. Weller
Describes the extraordinary transformations which have taken place in Chinese and Taiwanese responses to the environment across the twentieth century. How the global spread of western ideas about nature has interacted with Chinese traditions.

China and Globalization: The Social, Economic and Political Transformation of Chinese Society (Globalizing Regions) by Doug Guthrie
China and Globalization focuses primarily on how economic structural change is driving the processes. How nations and regions across the world are navigating the tumultuous currents of globalization. Introductions to the peoples and places of our increasingly globalized world.

Globalization and Egalitarian Redistribution. Pranab Bardhan, Samuel Bowles, Michael Wallerstein, Joshua Cohen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology : Together, they present a compelling case for the proposition that a more egalitarian domestic policy is essential to a morally decent form of globalization. While globalization offers new opportunities for the world's poor, but it also threatens wages for less advantaged workers in the advanced economies. The authors analyze the impact of globalization in a refreshingly nuanced fashion. Globalization and Egalitarian Redistribution demonstrates that the free flow of goods, capital, and labor has increased the inequality or volatility of labor earnings in advanced industrial societies.

Global Capitalism: Its Fall and Rise in the Twentieth Century. Jeffry A. Frieden - History of globalization. Globalization is a choice, not a fact. It is a result of policy decisions and the politics that shape them. Jeffry A. Frieden's insightful history explores the golden age of globalization, its swift collapse in the crises of 1914-45, the divisions of the Cold War world, and the turn again toward global integration at the end of the century.

Cities in Transition : Globalization, Political Change and Urban Development. Rita Schneider-Sliwa (Editor)
Even in the era of globalization developments appearing in cities are not subject to almost unconditional global forces. Universal forces are decisive eventualities in the process of urban restructuring. Developments and particularities within a city strongly influence the course of events and the extent to which negative characteristics of globalization might occur. Local forces may influence the perceived unstoppable process of globalization, leading to considerable qualitative and quantitative differences in the urban development processes of the globalization era.

Dialogue and Difference: Feminisms Challenge Globalization - Edited by Marguerite Waller and Sylvia Marcos - Contemporary feminists face the labor of moving beyond the dominant paradigms of knowledge and communication that drive corporate globalization. Dialogue and Difference is an essential collection for those interested in globalization, development, gender studies, and activism.

International Migration : Globalization's Last Frontier (Global Issues). Jonathon W. Moses

How "American" Is Globalization? William H. Marling
Critics point to the uneven popularity of McDonalds as a prime example of globalization and supposed American hegemony in the world. Marling argues that globalization can actually accentuate local cultures, which often put their own imprint on what they import.

Civil Society, Globalization and Political Change in Asia; Organizing Between Family and State. Robert Weller

The New Geography of Global Income Inequality Book by Glenn Firebaugh
Contrary to conventional wisdom, global income inequality is decreasing. Critics of globalization and others maintain that the spread of consumer capitalism is dramatically polarizing the worldwide distribution of income. Glenn Firebaugh shows that income inequality for the world peaked in the late twentieth century and is now heading downward because of declining income inequality across nations. As income inequality declines across nations, it is rising within nations.

Connectivity in Antiquity: Globalization as a Long-Term Historical Process by Oystein S. LaBianca, Sandra Arnold Scham (Editor)
Two concepts that have great immediacy and have now become the current watchwords for the media as well as for academia, globalization and long-term historical processes, are brought together in this volume of papers based upon Manuel Castells' work The Network Society.

Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict : Class, State, and Nation in the Age of Globalization. Berch Berberoglu

Welfare Discipline : Discourse, Governance and Globalization Sanford F. Schram - Schram argues for a more contextualized approach to examining welfare policy, from the use of the idea of globalization to justify cutbacks.

Geographies of Globalization (Routledge Contemporary Human Geography) WARWICK MURRAY
Globalization is a term that is increasingly used to rationalize a wide range of economic and political processes and explain a plethora of cultural, economic and social processes. Geographies of Globalization critically engages with the contested concept of globalization from an explicitly human geographical viewpoint.

Aging, Globalization and Inequality: The New Critical Gerontology (Society and Aging) Jan Baars, Dale Dannefer, Chris Phillipson, Alan Walker (Editors)

Planning World Cities : Globalization, Urban Governance and Policy Dilemmas. Peter Newman, Andrew Thornley
Focuses on an assessment of the strategic policy and planning options for major cities in response to globalization and other key issues and challenges of the twenty-first century.

Chinese Feminism Faces Globalization (East Asia: History, Politics, Sociology, Culture). Sharon R. Wesoky
Chinese domestic as well as international circumstances surrounding the emergence of an independent women's movement in Beijing in the 1990s. How such a movement could have arisen after the repression of student activists in Tiananmen Square in 1989. It also places this emergence in the context of theories of social movements, civil society and globalization.

Private Power, Public Law : The Globalization of Intellectual Property Rights.
In 1994 the World Trade Organization adopted the Agreement in Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, which dictated to states how they should regulate the protection of intellectual property.

Journals on Globalization

Globalization - Globalization is an academic publication. Its primary purpose is the dissemination of knowledge to as wide an audience as possible. Thus, Globalization is free to individuals around the world.

Globalization and Democracy. Political Participation and Economic Prosperity in a Global Economy.

The Yale Center for the Study of Globalization is devoted to examining the impact of our increasingly integrated world on individuals, communities, and nations. Globalization presents challenges and opportunities. It shall be particularly focused on practical policies to enable the world's poorest and weakest citizens to share in the benefits brought by globalization. On campus, it will support teaching and research on the many facets of globalization. It will help enrich debate on globalization through workshops, conferences, and publications.