Sociology Index

Geropsychology

Geropsychology is focused on practice within an age group of adult populations. Geropsychology is the field within psychology devoted to the study of aging and the provision of clinical services for older adults. Geropsychology seeks to address the concerns of older adults. Mental Health Disorders, depression and aging, anxiety, and age-related illnesses all increase the need for older adults to seek psychological care from geropsychologists. Geropsychologists are at the forefront of research on questions related to health and aging. A variety of mental health disorders, such as anxiety and depression, affect older adults. Older adults have the highest rates of suicide of any age group in the U.S., and depression is its foremost risk factor.

A large body of literature in aging and gerontology and geropsychology undergirds the practice of geropsychology. Geropsychology focusses on stressors common in late life such as loss of loved ones, relocation, medical conditions, caregiving demands, change in employment status, and poverty significantly affect the health and independence of older adults. Geropsychologists address these and other issues as diverse as family relationships, memory, sexuality, mental capacity assessment, health promotion and substance abuse. Ten doctoral programs in psychology currently offer substantive training in geropsychology; numerous doctoral internships offer geropsychology training; a variety of postdoctoral programs in geropsychology exist.

History of Clinical Geropsychology, Professional Practice Informed by the Science of Psychology and Aging
Nancy A. Pachana, Michele J. Karel. The second half of the twentieth century witnessed the emergence of the scientific study of aging for many medical as well as social science disciplines. Psychological research on cognition, emotions, and psychopathology in later life gained momentum in the 1950s and 1960s, first through cross-sectional studies and eventually progressing to longitudinal and sequential research paradigms. In the 1970s and 1980s, practice and training in clinical geropsychology took root, with the application of the science of the psychology of aging to improving the lives of older adults, their families, and the communities wherein they reside.

Specialty program in geropsychology Ph.D. s at CU-Colorado Springs - According to an abstract describing the geropsychology program, courses are "consistent with a scientist-practitioner model. The curriculum sequence builds systematically from basic to complex knowledge and skills across the domains of scientific psychology, research methodology, general clinical, geropsychology science and clinical geropsychology." Practical experiences within the discipline also build skills in core clinical competencies needed by geropsychologists. "Research mentoring prepares students with the skills needed to conduct independent research useful to the clinical practice of geropsychology."

Geropsychology and Psychology in the Last Quarter of the 20th Century. Bibliometrical Results for the German-Speaking Versus Anglo-American Research Community, Gunter Krampen, Institute of Psychology, University of Trier, Germany, Hans-Werner Wahl, German Center for Research on Aging, University of Heidelberg, Germany. This paper presents bibliometrical results on the development of gerontopsychology. Results show that both literature bodies on gerontopsychology have steadily grown, in absolute terms, since the beginning of the last quarter of the 20th century. The geropsychology literature in the German-speaking countries has grown faster than the Anglo-American literature. In terms of a relative frequency view, the findings support the notion that geropsychology has found a clear and stable position within psychology as a whole in both research communities.

GeroPsychology - An Applied Field for the 21st Century
Roco Fernandez-Ballesteros, Autonomous University of Madrid. This article introduces a set of research programs as examples of how psychology is one of the disciplines calling for improved quality of life and well-being in old age and, therefore, GeroPsychology as an applied field should be consolidated in the next decades.