Sociology Index

Geographical Indications

Books On Geographical Indications, Trademark law, IPR Intellectual Property Rights, Case Law

Geographical Indication is used to identify goods having special characteristics originating from a definite territory. A geographical indication for specialty food or drink may be generic. A geographical indication is not a trademark because it does not serve to exclusively identify a specific commercial enterprise, and therefore cannot constitute a genericized trademark.

The European Union has actively sought to restrict the use of geographical indications by third parties outside the EU. 

The extension of protection for geographical indications is somewhat controversial because a geographical indication may have been registered as a trademark elsewhere.

The Geographical Indications Act, 1999 (Indian Act) protects IPR claims arising out of the “geographical indications” in India.

Geographical Indications and Intellectual Property: A Legal And Economic Analysis - a thorough book by Michael Blakeney.

New Frontiers of Intellectual Property Law: Ip And Cultural Heritage - Geographical Indications - Enforcement - Overprotection (IIc Studies) - by Christopher Heath, Anselm Sanders, Anselm Kamperman Sanders.