A geographical indication is a sign used on products which corresponds to a specific geographical location, like a town, region, or country. The use of a geographical indication acts as a certification that the product possesses certain qualities, is made according to traditional methods, and enjoys a certain reputation, due to its geographical origin.
Geographical Indication is used to identify goods having special characteristics originating from a definite territory. A geographical indication for specialty food or drink may be generic. A geographical indication is not a trademark under Trademark Law because it does not serve to exclusively identify a specific commercial enterprise, and therefore cannot constitute a genericized trademark. The European Union has actively sought to restrict the use of geographical indications by third parties outside the EU.
The extension of protection for geographical indications is somewhat controversial because a geographical indication may have been registered as a trademark elsewhere. The Geographical Indications Act, 1999 (Indian Act) protects IPR claims arising out of the geographical indications in India.
Geographical Indications and Intellectual Property: A Legal And Economic Analysis - a thorough book by Michael Blakeney.
New Frontiers of Intellectual Property Law: Ip And Cultural Heritage - Geographical Indications - Enforcement - Overprotection (IIc Studies) - by Christopher Heath, Anselm Sanders, Anselm Kamperman Sanders.
New Frontiers of Intellectual Property Law: Ip And Cultural Heritage - Geographical Indications - Enforcement - Overprotection (IIc Studies).
by Christopher Heath (Editor), Anselm Sanders (Editor), Anselm Kamperman Sanders (Editor).
Geographical Indications and Intellectual Property: A Legal And Economic Analysis by Michael Blakeney.