on Gender and Women, Gender inequality, Glass Ceiling Hypothesis
Gender roles are
social roles ascribed to individuals on the basis of their sex. The term gender in gender
roles differs from sex because it refers to the cultural definition of the gender roles
and gender behavior appropriate to members of each sex rather than to those aspects of
human behavior that are determined by biology.
Thus giving birth is a female sex
role, while the role of infant nurturer and care giver is a gender role and is usually ascribed status to females. The Cult of Domesticity is about gender roles in
Linkages between Attitudes
toward Gender Roles, Body Satisfaction, Self-Esteem, and Appearance Management Behaviors
in Women - Sharron J. Lennon, Nancy A. Rudd, Ohio State Univ.
To examine possible linkages between attitudes toward gender roles, body satisfaction,
self-esteem, and appearance management behaviors.
Undergraduate women indicated that
women holding nontraditional attitudes toward gender roles had higher self-esteem than
women holding traditional attitudes toward gender roles. Body satisfaction and a
nontraditional attitude toward gender roles predicted high levels of self-esteem.
Dress and the Female
Gender Role in Magazine Advertisements of 1950-1994: A Content Analysis -
Jennifer L. Paff, Iowa State University-Ames Hilda Buckley Lakner, University of
To examine changesfrom in gender orientation of roles and dress of women in advertisements
and ways in which women's dress has been used in advertisements in the social construction of gender. Roles remained
consistently feminine. Good Housekeeping and Vogue have not depicted women realistically.
Gendered roles of activity did not vary with traditional gender stereotype
of appearance in advertisements across time. A possible reflection of social change related to the postmodern
FEMALE EMPLOYMENT AND THE
CHANGE OF GENDER ROLES: THE CONFLICTUAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARTICIPATION AND ATTITUDES
IN INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON
Max Haller, Franz Hoellinger
Gender role attitudes from a comparative perspective using data from eight countries.
Women's labour force participation is a necessary concomitant of industrialisation
followed by a corresponding adaptation of gender role attitudes toward individualistic-egalitarian values. Gender role attitudes are both related to
historically persistent, general societal values regarding family and social stratification. Empirical evidence results did not confirm that the
higher the employment rate of women the more the population will have egalitarian gender
Gender Roles and/or Styles in Crisis: An Integrative Analysis of the Experiences
of Fathers of Children with Cancer - Mark A. Chesler, University of
Carla Parry, National Institute on Aging, University of Michigan
This integrative analysis views fathers experiences through the lens of gender.
Fathers experiences can be understood as influenced by gender roles and the gendered
organization of support systems.
The Relationship between Background Variables and Sex-Typing of Gender Roles and Childrens
Chores: The Israeli Case - Liat Kulik, Bar Ilan University
The relationship between sex-typing of adult gender roles and childrens chores in
Israeli society. Among both genders, a correlation was found between sex-typing of adult gender roles and domestic
Narratives of Embu Rural Women: Gender Roles and Indigenous Knowledges
Njoki Wane, Sociology and Equity Studies, OISE University of Toronto, 252 Bloor Street, W
M5S IV6 Canada
Unacknowledged participation of African women in sustaining their communities through
their accumulated indigenous peoples knowledges.
Gender roles in relation to food processing practices and women's knowledges. The
centrality of rural women's gender roles in sustaining their communities.
Achieving Sustainable Agriculture through Recognizing Gender Roles: Some Salient
Punya P. Regmi, Karl E. Weber, Asian Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang,
Research on gender roles in rural communities with agriculture as the economic mainstay is
The Effects of Attitudes Toward Family Life and Gender Roles on Marital
DIANE N. LYE, University of Washington, TIMOTHY J. BIBLARZ, University of Southern
That men and women who espouse nontraditional attitudes are likely to be less satisfied
than their more traditional counterparts. The effects of attitudes did not vary according
to the actual gender roles observed by the couple.
The Consequences of Divorce for Attitudes Toward Divorce and Gender Roles
PAUL R. AMATO, ALAN BOOTH, University of NebraskaLincoln
Attitudes toward divorce and gender roles. Individuals divorced prior to 1980 were
relatively liberal in their gender role beliefs.
Add Men, Dont Stir - Reproducing Traditional Gender Roles in Modern
Beth Montemurro, Pennsylvania State University
Traditionally, the bridal shower was a gendered ritual for women. The traditional bridal
shower is transformed and masculinized, an event men can participate in without stigma to their manliness.
College Women and Sororities - The Social Construction and Reaffirmation of
Gender Roles - Barbara J. Risman
Gender socialization occurs in preadolescence. Socialization processes and the consequent roles be
inappropriate to facilitate women's adaptation to a changing social environment.
Leader Emergence And Gender Roles in All-Female Groups - A Contextual Examination
Amy B. Gershenoff, Roseanne J. Foti, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State
Tests the effect of gender role and intelligence on leadership emergence.
The Psychodynamics of Female/Male Role Differentiation within Small Groups
Gary Gemmill, Lynn Zoch Schaible, Syracuse University
Gender role differentiation within small groups in terms of the psychodynamic concepts.
The Bourgeois Family in Nineteenth-Century Spain: Private Lives, Gender Roles, and
a New Socioeconomic Model
Gracia Gómez Urdáñez, University of Zaragoza, Spain
An analysis of aspects such as the concept of family transmitted by liberalism and the different roles attributed to men and women
in the family, society and economy.
Culture, Gender Roles, and Sport
The Case of Korean Players on the LPGA Tour
Eui Hang Shin, Department of sociology at the University of South Carolina and department
of sociology at Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea, Edward Adam Nam, Duke University
Korean psyche, culture, and family help explain why female Korean golfers on the LPGA are
Socialization to gender roles and marriage among
Mensch, Barbara S., Barbara L. Ibrahim, Susan M. Lee, and Omaima El-Gibaly.
Policy Research Division Working Paper no. 140. New York: Population Council. (PDF)
Multivariate analyses indicate that girls' and boys' attitudes do not vary by
socioeconomic background and increased schooling does not promote egalitarian attitudes.
THE RISE OF POSTMATERIALIST VALUES AND CHANGING RELIGIOUS ORIENTATIONS, GENDER
ROLES AND SEXUAL NORMS - Ronald Inglehart and David
Abstract: Investigates the relationship between Materialist and Postmaterialist values in
Gender roles, marital intimacy, and nomination of spouse as primary caregiver
SM Allen, F Goldscheider and DA Ciambrone, Center for Gerontology and Health Care
Research, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA.
Two potential hypotheses for the unequal representation of husbands and wives as spousal
caregivers. Multivariate analyses support both
Gender Roles and Labor Use Strategies: Women's Part-Time Work in the European
Tijdens K. G.
Abstract: The nature of female part-time employment in the European Union? The secondary labor market model which ranks fourth in
predicting whether a woman will work part-time or full-time.
Gender Roles, Relationship Satisfaction, and Self-Reported Health: A Window into
the Personal Lives of Mexicans in the United States and Mexico
Jennifer J. Tovar, Ronald Angel, Maren Andrea Jimenez, University of Texas at Austin -
Jorge Caraveo Anduaga, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente
Differential Fecundity, Markets and Gender Roles - Aloysius Siow
Abstract: Investigates how differential fecundity interacts with marriage, labor and
financial markets to affect gender roles.