Sociology Index

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Forms Of Government

"Many forms of Government have been tried, and will be tried in this world of sin and woe. No one pretends that democracy is perfect or all-wise. Indeed it has been said that democracy is the worst form of Government except for all those other forms that have been tried from time to time.…" Winston S Churchill, 11 November 1947. Greek philosopher Plato discussed five forms of governments or regimes: aristocracy, timocracy, oligarchy, democracy and tyranny. Today the world is ruled by the system of government called corporatocracy and cyberocracy. Forms of government include monarchy, autocracy, dictatorship, fascism, stratocracy, plutocracy, maoism, anarchy, bureaucracy, feudalism, and technocracy.
In Monarchy, a monarch is the head of state.
In Dictatorship, one person rules with supreme authority.
In Military Dictatorship, the military collectively rules.
In Oligarchy, a country is governed by a few people.
In Theocracy, a country is governed by ordained members.

A representative democracy is a system in which the people vote for delegates to represent their interests in a parliament. In Australia, members of parliament are elected to the Senate or the House of Representatives to represent the Australian people and make laws on their behalf. Examples Of Representative Democracies:
Parliamentary Republic (India, Poland)
Federal Republic (Argentina, Brazil, Germany)
Democratic Republic (United States of America, Indonesia)

Forms of Government. Gerard O’Donnell, Mastering Sociology. Macmillan Master Series. Abstract: Totalitarian governments are the usual forms of government both in the past and in the modern world. Essentially a totalitarian state is a country controlled by one man, ‘an autocracy’, or a group, ‘an oligarchy’. Because the power of any state rests ultimately on its armed forces those filling key roles in totalitarian states are very often members of the military.