Fatalistic suicide occurs in social conditions where the individual experiences pervasive oppression. David Emile Durkheim defined fatalistic suicide as suicide resulting from excessive regulation. Fatalistic suicide is committed by individuals whose passions are choked by oppressive discipline. The condition of slavery may make an individual feel that the only way to find escape is suicide. We would call it fatalistic suicide because the individual considers himself condemned by fate or doomed to be a slave. A fatalistic hopeless situation calling for fatalistic suicide as a solution. Fatalistic suicide served as a descriptor for suicides in traditional societies, because Durkheim was faced with the issue that even in societies with abundant social capital, individuals nevertheless killed themselves. The category of fatalistic suicide was constructed mainly for purpose of contrasting it with egoistic suicide, and because it would undercut his central claims about the role of modern urban life as increasing the incidence of suicide.
Anomic Suicide can happen when an individual has set goals and then experiences a failure in achieving those goals due to societal conditions. Altruistic Suicide is a suicide committed for the benefit of others or for the community. Egoistic Suicide occurs when an individual has a low level of integration into society. Durkheim could never seriously examine the possibility that social integration could result in suicide.
Durkheim distinguished between egoistic, anomic, altruistic, and fatalistic suicide. Dismissing altruistic and fatalistic suicide as unimportant, he viewed egoistic suicide as a consequence of the deterioration of social and familial bonds and linked anomic suicide to disillusionment and disappointment.
Egoistic suicide occurs when an individual has a low level of integration into society, while fatalistic suicide occurs in a highly regulated, social environment where the individual sees no possible way to improve his or her life.
"Fatalistic suicide arises from excessive regulation that pitilessly blocks the possibilities of future. Individuals do not want their lives due to the extremely suppressing environment. The suicides of those suffering from mental and physical oppression are closer to fatalistic suicide". - "Labor Politics of Suicide in Korea", Lim, Hyun-Chin. and Hwang, Suk-Man.
Durkheim's theory of fatalistic suicide: a cross-national approach. The
Journal of social psychology 1979;107(Second Half):161-8.
Altruism and Fatalism: the characteristics of Palestinian suicide terrorists
Pedahzur A.; Perliger A.; Weinberg L. Deviant Behavior, Volume 24, Number 4. The suicide method became one of the most prevalent tactics of Palestinian Terrorism in Israel. Who are these people willing to sacrifice their lives and what drives them to do such things? We answer these questions, while relying on the concepts of altruistic and fatalistic suicide from Durkheim's typology of suicide behavior. Palestinian suicide terrorists from 1993 until the beginning of 2002, fit the "altruistic" type as well as some elements from the "fatalistic" and represent a combination of both types; thus they can be labeled under a new category of "fatalistic altruistic" suicide.
Suicides in prison fall into two groups: egoistic and fatalistic (Durkheim typology). Egoistic suicide occurs when an individual has a low level of integration into society, while fatalistic suicide occurs in a highly regulated, social environment where the individual sees no possible way to improve his or her life. Therefore, most suicides in prison are egoistic, whereas those by death row inmates may be both egoistic and fatalistic, because they are socially isolated and heavily regulated, and at the same time, weakly integrated. - Lester D, Danto BL: Suicide Behind Bars: Prediction and Prevention. Philadelphia: The Charles Press, 1993. Asking whether euthanasia during the Third Reich is relevant to contemporary debates about physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia is dismissed as inflammatory. Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia: Before, During, and After the Holocaust explores the history of euthanasia before and during the Third Reich in depth and demonstrate how Nazi physicians incorporated mainstream Western philosophy, eugenics, population medicine, prevention, and other medical ideas into their ideology.