Sociology Index

FAMILISM

Familism refers to core values of a family type which emphasizes commitment to the family as a unit. Staying together for the sake of the children would be an indication of this familism value. Familism refers to a model of social organization, based on the prevalence of the family group and its well-being placed against the interests and necessities of each one of its members.

Familism is part of a traditional view of society that highlights loyalty, trust, and cooperative attitudes within the family group. Familism is found in the bourgeois class family and reflects the cultural belief that it is the family that is the foundation of society and the source of human identification and moral discipline.

The modern conjugal family, is typically described as having a central value of individualism than familism, that de-emphasizes the importance of the family unit. Familism is a cluster of attitudes that emphasizes the relevance of the family for personal and social life, the development of a feeling of duty among the members of the family group, and the belief that to have children is a requirement for personal and social realization.

In familism three main orientations can be distinguished:

Familism as a classical social position;

Familism as a sociopolitical formulation; and

Familism as a psychological re-elaboration.

The main antecedents of these orientations are, respectively, the disappearance of the Old Regime, the changes that have taken place around World War II, and the development of a culture of service characteristic of the postindustrial societies.

Familism as a form of system justification: A cross-cultural analysis of the USA and Italy
Pacilli, Maria Giuseppina. and Jost, John.
American participants with high system justification scores perceived family norms to be especially strong. In the Italian context, a stronger perception of family norms was related to a tendency to engage in family justification.

A New Familism Scale for Use with Latino Populations
Angel G. Lugo Steidel, Josefina M. Contreras, Kent State University
Validity analyses revealed significant negative correlations between some aspects of familism and acculturation scores and indicators of exposure to the U.S. culture.

Managers’ Dilemma: Institutions, Familism, and Trust in China’s Private Businesses - Ma, Li.
Incremental processes of deinstitutionalization, delayed legitimization of private property right, and informal consent allowing private wealth accumulation. Relaxation of ideological taboo against wealth accumulation reinvigorated the Chinese entrepreneurial spirit. Familism gains stronger hold in the normative system in the private sector.

Measuring Amoral Familism: A Tentative Approach - Stefano Morandini
Amoral familism in public institutions and a way to measure it. Amoral familism may be discussed in terms of its association with public sector corruption or of misallocation of human capital.

Workplace Familism and Psychological Contract Breach in the Philippines
Restubog, Simon Lloyd D.; Bordia, Prashant.
Negative relationship between breach and civic virtue behavior was stronger when workplace supervisor familism was high.

The role of attitudinal familism in academic outcomes: a study of urban, Latino high school seniors. Esparza, Patricia, Sánchez, Bernadette
When mothers' educational level is low, attitudinal familism is positively associated to students' academic grades.