The Fabian Society is a British socialist organisation whose purpose is to advance the principles of democratic socialism via gradualist and reformist effort in democracies, rather than by revolutionary overthrow. Australian Fabian Society, Canada's Douglas–Coldwell Foundation, Sicilian Fabian Society, and The NZ Fabian Society are among the other noteworthy Fabian Societies. London School of Economics and Political Science was founded in 1895 by The Fabian Society. Martha Beatrice Webb played a crucial role in forming the Fabian Society. The Fabian Society was founded on 4 January 1884 in London as an offshoot of a society, founded a year earlier called The Fellowship of the New Life, which had been a forebear of the British Ethical and humanist movements. Fellowship members included the visionary Victorian elite, among them poets Edward Carpenter and John Davidson, sexologist Havelock Ellis, and early socialist Edward R. Pease.
They wanted to transform society by setting an
example of clean simplified living for others to follow.
"To promote greater equality of power, wealth and opportunity; the value of collective action and public service; an accountable, tolerant and active democracy; citizenship, liberty and human rights; sustainable development; and multilateral international cooperation."