Sociology Index

EUGENICS

Books on Eugenics, Eugenics Bibliography

"In the civilized world, human rights cannot include the right to procreate," - rvp.

Eugenics means racial improvement, controlled or selective breeding and planned evolution. Eugenics is the science dealing with factors that influence the hereditary qualities of a race. Eugenics means ‘good genes’. Francis Galton coined the term eugenics. The theory of eugenics is that we can improve future generations of humans through selective breeding. Eugenic means Hereditarily endowed with noble qualities or more simply wellborn.

The eugenics movement active in many parts of the Western world. The eugenics movement was driven by the belief that social intervention should occur in order to protect the best gene pool. This was achieved by encouraging people who were considered to represent ‘good’ genes to breed, and prevent those considered to have ‘bad’ genes from breeding.

Eugenics deals with factors that influence the hereditary qualities and with ways of improving these qualities. William Henry Beveridge, a member of the Eugenics Society improve the human race by controlling reproduction. Beveridge even proposed that men who could not work should be supported by the state, but with loss of civil freedom and fatherhood.

Eugenic is of, or pertaining to eugenics. Eugenicist is an expert in eugenics.

Tesla according to his biographers was a humanist in philosophical outlook. At the same time Tesla was a proponent of an imposed selective breeding version of eugenics. He was of the opinion that no one who is not a desirable parent should be permitted to produce progeny.

Though his argumentation did not depend on a concept of a "master race" or the inherent superiority of one person over another, his advocacy of eugenics led him to adopt more extreme views. In an interview he expressed the belief that human "pity" had come to interfere with the natural "ruthless workings of nature." A century from now it will no more occur to a normal person to mate with a person eugenically unfit than to marry a habitual criminal. The trend of opinion among eugenists is that we must make marriage more difficult..

"THE AMERICAN BREED" - NAZI NAZISM EUGENICS AND THE ORIGINS OF THE PIONEER FUND by Paul A. Lombardo
ABSTRACT: Filling the existing gap in the history of eugenics by presenting an analysis of the origins of the Pioneer Fund which chartered in 1937 to support and publicize study on heredity and eugenics.

Carving up Population Science - Eugenics, Demography and the Controversy over the ‘Biological Law of Population Growth - Edmund Ramsden - Social Studies of Science, Vol. 32, No. 5-6, 857-899 (2002).

Selected Publications on Eugenics:

Taking Eugenics Seriously: 30 Florida State University Law Review 191 (2003).

A Life of Sir Francis Galton: From African Exploration to the Birth of Eugenics, by Nicholas Wright Gillham, New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 347, (Nov, 2002).

The American Breed: Nazi Eugenics and the Origin of the Pioneer Fund, 65 Albany Law Review (May, 2002).

Eugenics at the Movies A Review of the Black Stork, by Martin Pernick, The Hastings Center Report, vol 27 (March-April 1997) p. 43.

Medicine, Eugenics and the Supreme Court: From Coercive Sterilization to Reproductive Freedom - Journal of Contemporary Health Law and Policy 1996.

Miscegenation, Eugenics & Racism: Historical footnotes to Loving v. Virginia. University of California, Davis Law Review, 21 (1988) 422-452.

Involuntary Sterilization in Virginia: From Buck v. Bell to Poe v. Lynchburg. Developments in Mental Health Law 3 no. 3, (1983) 17-21.
Increasing attention is being paid to issues of human heredity. The Human Genome Project has kindled renewed interest in the possibility of amending our genetic legacy through preventive reproductive strategies. There is a renewed awareness of eugenics movement.

Since Kevles, several more focused investigations have been completed, and the study of eugenics from a variety of disciplinary perspectives continues to yield new volumes every year.

The Surgical Solution(1991); a study of the linkages between the American and German eugenics movements by Stefan Kuhl.

The Science and Politics of Racial Research (1994); a regional history of eugenics in the American South: Edward J. Larson.

Controlling Human Heredity (1995); a close analysis of the making of an American film on eugenics: Martin Pernick.

Sex, Race, and Science (1995); a study that connects trends in evolution and eugenics to modern genetic study: Diane B. Paul.

The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo-American Thought (1996); a history of psychiatry and eugenics in North America: Ian Robert Dowbiggin.

The Black Stork: Eugenics and the Death of Defective Babies in American Medicine and Motion Pictures Since 1915 (1996); a cultural and linguistic analysis of U.S. eugenics: Marouf A. Hasian.

Creating Born Criminals: Biological Theories of Crime and Eugenics (1997); an analysis of education and eugenics: Steven Selden.

Keeping America Sane: Psychiatry and Eugenics in the United States and Canada 1880-1940 (1997); a study of eugenic criminology: Nicole H. Rafter.

The Wellborn Science : Eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil and Russia by Mark Adams (1993).

Nancy Leys Stephan's The Hour of Eugenics: Race, Gender and Nation in Latin America (1991).

Gunar Broberg and Nils Roll-Hansen's collection on Eugenics and the Welfare State: Sterilization Policy in Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Finland (1996).

Inheriting Shame (New York: Teachers College Press, 1999); and a study of the eugenics movement in Vermont: Nancy L. Gallagher.

Race Hygiene and National Efficiency: The Eugenics of Wilhelm Schallmayer by Sheila Faith Weiss(1987).

Numerous works covering the German history of eugenics as the science of "racial hygiene" have also been published, notably.

The Racial State: Germany 1933-1945 (1991) by Michael Burleigh and Wolfgang Wipperman.

Paul Weindling’s Health, Race and German Politics Between National Unification and Nazism, 1870-1945 (1989).

Eugenics Bibliography

Alexandra Minna Stern. Eugenic Nation : Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America.

Allen, Garland. "Science Misapplied: The Eugenics Age Revisited" Current 388:7 (Dec 1, 1996).

Adams, Mark. The Wellborn Science: Eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil and Russia (New York: Oxford).

Allen, Garland. "Eugenics and American Social History, 1880-1950" 31 Genome 885 (1989).

Allen, Garland. Eugenics and Politics in Britain, 1900-1914 (Book Review) 70:4 Isis 634 (1979)
Allen, Garland. "The Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor, 1910-1940: An Essay in Institutional History," 2 OSIRIS 225-264 (1986).

Allen, Garland. "Genetics, Eugenics and Society: Internalists and Externalists in Contemporary History of Science" Social Studies of Science 6 (1976) 105.

Aly, Gotz et. al., Cleansing the Fatherland: Nazi Medicine and Racial Hygiene (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994).

Allen, Garland. "Genetics, Eugenics and Class Struggle" 79 Genetics 29 (1975)

American Medical Association. "Reappraisal of Eugenic Sterilization Laws" 173 JAMA 11 (1960).

Barker, David. "The Biology of Stupidity: Genetics, Eugenics and Mental Deficiency in the Inter-War Years," 22 BJHS 347-375 (1989).

Barkan, Elazar. "Reevaluating Progressive Eugenics: Herbert Spencer Jennings and the 1924 Immigration Legislation" 24:1 Journal of the History of Biology 91 (1991).

American Medical Association. "Eugenic Sterilization is Legal in 28 States" 4:1 AMA News (1961).

Birnbaum, Morton. "Eugenic Sterilization" 174 JAMA (1961).

Bell, J. H. "Eugenics of the Development of the Human Race" Virginia Medical Monthly 727 (February 1931).

Bowler, Peter J. "The Role of the History of Science in the Understanding of Social Darwinism and Eugenics" 40:3 Impact of Science on Society 273 (1990).

Blacker, C. P. Eugenics: Galton and After (London: Gerald Duckworth & Co. Ltd., 1952).

Burleigh, Michael, and Wipperman, Wolfgang. Death and Deliverance: Euthanasia in Germany 1900-1945 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Broberg, Gunar, and Roll-Hansen, Nils. eds. Eugenics and the Welfare State: Sterilization Policy in Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Finland (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1996).

Cotton, Henry A. "Some Problems in the Study of Heredity in Mental Diseases" from, 49 American Journal of Insanity 31 (1912) as, Eugenics Record Office, Bulletin No. 8 (1912).

Caldwell, John Harvey. "Babies by Scientific Selection" The Scientific American 124 (March 1934).

Darrow, Clarence. "The Eugenics Cult" 8:30 American Mercury 129 (1926).

Daniel J. Kevles. In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity.

Davenport, Charles B. Heredity in Relation to Eugenics (New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1913).

Davenport, Charles B. "The Family History Book" Eugenics Record Office Bulletin No. 7 (1912).

Davenport, Charles B. "State Laws Limiting Marriage Selection Examined in the Light of Eugenics" Eugenics Record Office, Bulletin No. 9 (1913).

Davenport, Charles B., and Harry H. Laughlin. "How to Make a Eugenical Family Study" Eugenics Record Office, Bulletin No. 13 (1915).

Davenport, Charles B. "The Trait Book" Eugenics Record Office Bulletin No. 6 (1912).

Davenport, Charles B., Harry H. Laughlin and A. J. Rosanoff. Heredity in Relation to Eugenics (NY: Henry Holt, 1913).

Davenport, Charles B. "The Trait Book" Eugenics Record Office Bulletin No. 6 (1912).

DeJarnette, J. S. "Eugenic Sterilization in Virginia" Virginia Medical Monthly 678 (January 1931).

Dorr, Gregory Michael. "Principled Expediency: Eugenics, Naim v. Naim, and the Supreme Court" (paper submitted for publication to American Journal of Legal History, June 1997).

DeJarnette, J. S. "Eugenics in Relation to the Insane, the Epileptic, the Feeble-Minded and Race Blending" Virginia Medical Monthly 290 (August 1925).

Dowbiggin, Ian. "An Exodus of Enthusiasm": G. Alder Blumer, Eugenics, and US Psychiatry, 1890- 1920" 36 Medical History 379 (1992).

Dowbiggin, Ian. Keeping America Sane: Psychiatry and Eugenics in the United States and Canada 1880-1940 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997).

Eugenics Society (UK). The Eugenics Review. "Sir Francis Galton, 1822-1911: Jubilee Memoir of the Eugenics Society" by Dorothy Middleton, (1982).

Edwin Black. War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America's Campaign to Create a Master Race - September, 2003.

Frankel, Charles. "The Spector of Eugenics," Commentary 25 (March 1974).

Eugenics Society (UK). The Eugenics Review. "Sir Francis Galton: Three Memoirs" (December 1951).

Gardella, John E. MD. "Eugenic Sterilization in America and North Carolina" 56 North Carolina Medical Journal 106 (1995).

Galton, Francis. Inquiries into Human Faculty and its Development Eugenics (London: Society Reprint, 1951).

Ginzburg, Benjamin. "Scientists and Eugenics" (Letter to Editor) Science 1172 (10 September 1965).

Garver, K. L. and B. Garver. "Eugenics: Past, Present, Future" 49 American Journal of Human Genetics 1109 (1991).

Glass, Bentley. "The Roots of Nazi Eugenics" 64:2 The Quarterly Review of Biology 175 (1989).

Glass, Bentley. "Racism and Eugenics in International Context" 68:1 The Quarterly Review of Biology 61 (1993).

Gosney, E. S. "Eugenic Sterilization: Human Betterment Demands It" The Scientific American 18 (July 1934).

Goddard, Henry H. "Heredity of Feeble-Mindedness" from, 1 American Breeders Magazine 165 (1910) as, Eugenics Record Office, Bulletin No. 1 (1911).

Guyer, Michael F. Being Well-Born: An Introduction to Eugenics (Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1916).

Harvey, R. D. "Pioneers of Genetics: A Comparison of the attitudes of William Bateson and Erwin Baur to Eugenics" 49 Notes and Records of the Royal Society 1:105 (1995).

Haller, Mark. Eugenics: Hereditarian Attitudes in American Thought ( New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1963).

Hasian, Marouf A. The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo-American Thought (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1996).

Haller, Mark. Eugenics: Hereditarian Attitudes in American Thought ( New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1963).

Holmes, Samuel J. "The Oppostition to Eugenics" 89 Science 351 (1939).

Himmstedt, Erin Kathleen. "Not for Their Own Good: African-American Mental Health and Eugenic Sterilization Programs in Virginia" (unpublished MA thesis, University of Virginia, 1995).

Hughes, James E. "Eugenic Sterilization in the United States: A Comparative Summary of Statutes and Review of Court Decisions" U.S. Public Health Service, Supplement No. 162 to the Public Health Reports (1940).

Holmes, Samuel J. The Eugenic Predicament (New York: Harcourt Brace and Company, 1933).

Jordan, Harvey E. "The Place of Eugenics in the Medical Curriculum," Problems in Eugenics (London: The Eugenics Education Society, 1912).

Jones, Greta. "Scholarship Serving the Nazi State II: Medicine, Science and Eugenics" (Book Review) 12:4 Ethnic and Racial Studies 582 (1989).

Juliard, Andre L. "Scientists and Eugenics" (Letter to Editor) Science 1172 (10 September 1965).

Jordan, Harvey E. "Eugenics: Its Data, Scope and Promise, as Seen By The Anatomist," in Eugenics: Twelve University Lectures (New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1914).

Kamrat-Lang, Debora. "Healing Society: Medical Language in American Eugenics" 8:1 Science in Context 175 (1995).

Kevles, Daniel J. In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity (New York: Knopf, 1985).

Katz, Janet and Charles F. Abel. "The Medicalization of Repression: Eugenics and Crime" 8 Contemporary Crises 227 (1984).

Kulka, Ernst. "The Causes of Declining Birth-Rate" 5 Eugenics Research Association Monograph Series (August 1931).

Larson, Edward J. Sex, Race, and Science: Eugenics in the Deep South (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995).

Kuhl, Stefan. The Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National Socialism (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994).

Laughlin, Harry H. The Legal Status of Eugenical Sterilization: History and analysis of litigation under the Virginia Sterilization Statute, which led to a decision of the Supreme Court of the United States upholding the statute (1930).

Laughlin, Harry H. "The Eugenics Exhibit At Chicago: A Description of the Wall-Panel Survey of Eugenics Exhibited in the Hall of Science, Century of Progress Exposition, Chicago, 1933-34" 26 The Journal of Heredity 155 (1935).

Laughlin, Harry H. "Report of the Committee to Study the and to Report on the Best Practical Means to Cut Off the Defective Germ-Plasm in the American Population" Eugenics Record Office Bulletin #10a, 1914.

Laughlin, Harry H. Eugenical Sterilization in the U.S. : A Report of the Psychopathic Laboratory of the Municipal Court of Chicago (1922).

Lombardo, Paul A. "Miscegenation, Eugenics, and Racism: Historical Footnotes to Loving v. Virginia" 21 U.Cal. Davis Law Review 421 (1988).

Lombardo, Paul A. Eugenic Sterilization in Virginia: Aubrey Strode and the Case of Buck v. Bell (unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Virginia, 1982).

Marks, Jonathan. "Historiography of Eugenics" 52 American Journal of Human Genetics 3:650 (1993).

Lombardo, Paul A. "Medicine, Eugenics and the Supreme Court: From Coercive Sterilization to Reproductive Freedom" 13 Journal of Contemporary Health Law and Policy 1 (1996).

McDougall, William. "The Correlation Between Native Ability and the Social Status," Eugenics in Race and State (Baltimore: Williams and Wilkens Company, 1923).

Mazumdar, Pauline. Eugenics, Human Genetics and Human Failings: The Eugenics Society , its Sources and its Critics in Britain (London: Routledge, 1992).

Muller, Herman J. "Scientists and Eugenics" (Letter to Editor) Science 1171 (10 September 1965).

Mehler, Barry Alan. "A History of the American Eugenics Society, 1921-1940" unpublished Ph.D. diss. University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (1988).

Myerson, Abraham. "Certain Medical and Legal Phases of Eugenic Sterilization" 18 Annals of Internal Medicine 580 (1943).

Muller, Herman J. "The Dominance of Economics Over Eugenics" The Scientific Monthly 41 (? 1933).

New England Journal of Medicine. "Eugenical Sterilization" Book Review 216:20 The New England Journal of Medicine 911 (1937).

Nancy Ordover. American Eugenics: Race, Queer Anatomy, and the Science of Nationalism.

New England Journal of Medicine. "Eugenical Sterilization to Date" 209:13 The New England Journal of Medicine 655 (1933).

New England Journal of Medicine. "Constructive Eugenics and Rational Marriage" (Book Review) 213:1 The New England Journal of Medicine 86 (1935).

Nicholas Agar. Liberal Eugenics: In Defence Of Human Enhancement - October 1, 2004.

Newsweek. "Eugenics: Nazi Doctors Sterilize 180,000, but Leave One Genius Alone" Newsweek (16 February 1935).

Paul, Diane B. "Culpability and Compassion: Lessons from the History of Eugenics" 15 Politics and the Life Sciences 1:99 (1996).

Paul, Diane B. "From Eugenics to Medical Genetics" 9 Journal of Policy History 1:96 (1997).

Paul, Diane B. and Hamish, G.S. "The Hidden Science of Eugenics," 374 Nature 302 (March, 1995).

Paul, Diane B. "Eugenics and the Left" Journal of the History of Ideas 567 (1984).

Pickens, Donald K. Eugenics and the Progressives (Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 1969)

Plecker, W. A. "Eugenics in Relation to the New Family and the Law on Racial Integrity" pamphlet (Richmond: Bureau of Vital Statistics, 1924).

Pernick, Martin S. The Black Stork: Eugenics and the Death of "Defective" Babies in American Medicine and Motion Pictures Since 1915. (New York: Oxford, 1996.).

Radford, J. P. "Eugenics and the Asylum" 7:4 Journal of Historical Sociology 462 (1994).

Popenoe, Paul. "A Debate on Sterilization: Intelligent Eugenics" The Forum 26 (July 1935).

Rafter, Nicole H. "Claims-Making and Socio-Cultural Context in the First U.S. Eugenics Campaign" 39 Social Problems 17 (1992).

Rafter, Nicole H. Creating Born Criminals: Biological Theories of Crime and Eugenics (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997).

Rafter, Nicole H. "White Trash: Eugenics as Social Ideology" 26:1 Society 43 (1988).

Rafter, Nicole H. White Trash: The Eugenic Family Studies, 1877-1919 (Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1988).

Robitscher, Jonas. Eugenic Sterilization (Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas, 1973).

Reilly, Phillip R. "The Surgical Solution: The Writings of Activist Physicians in the Early Days of Eugenical Sterilization" 26 Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 637 (1983).

Rodwell, G. "Dr. Caleb Williams Saleeby: the complete eugenicist," 26 History of Education 1:23 (1997).

Roderick, Thomas H., V. Elving Anderson, and Wayne T. Morris, "Files of the Eugenics Record Office: A Resource for Genealogists" 82 National Genealogical Society Quarterly 2:97 (1994).

Ruth Clifford Engs. The Eugenics Movement : An Encyclopedia - June 30, 2005.

Rosanoff, A. J. and Florence I. Orr, "A Study of Heredity and Insanity in the Light of the Mendelian Theory" from 68 American Journal of Insanity 221, (1911) as, Eugenics Record Office, Bulletin No. 5 (1911).

Science News Letter. "Eugenics: The Human Future" Science News Letter 54 (25 July 1964).

Science Digest. "Eugenics Today" Science Digest 61 (January 1941).

Science News Letter. "Medicine-Eugenics: Nearsightedness Could Be Wiped Out By Eugenics" Science News Letter 387 (20 June 1942).

Science News Letter. "Medicine: Eugenics for Diabetics" Science News Letter 212 (2 October 1954).

Science News Letter. "Eugenics: Eugenics Seen as Vital to Future of Democracy" Science News Letter 168 (14 September 1940).

Science News Letter. "Eugenics: Suggests an Imaginative NMA -- Mothers Administration" Science News Letter 44 (19 July 1941).

Science News Letter. "Eugenics: More and Better Children is New Eugenics Objective" Science News Letter 153 (11 March 1939).

Science News Letter. "Eugenics: Plan for Improving Population Drawn by Famed Geneticists" Science News Letter 131 (26 August 1939).

Science News Letter. "Biology-Physiology: Eugenics Program Declared Impracticable at Present" Science News Letter 22 (9 July 1938).

Science News Letter. "Eugenics: Man's Control Over Life is Prime Science Contact" Science News Letter 247 (15 October 1938).

Science News Letter. "Eugenics: Sterilization Would Not Wipe Out Mental Disease" Science News Letter 125 (19 February 1938).

Science News Letter. "Eugenics: Sterilization Opposed As Way of Bettering Humanity" Science News Letter 316 (14 May 1938).

Selden, Steven. "Education Policy and Biological Science: Genetics, Eugenics, and the College Textbook, c.1908- 1931," 87 Teachers College Record 1:35-51 (Fall, 1985).

Selden, Steven. The Capturing of Science: Eugenics, Race Betterment, and American Education 1903 - 1949 Draft Ms, 1996.

Stephan, Nancy Leys. The Hour of Eugenics: Race, Gender and Nation in Latin America (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991).

State Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics. (Va.) "Eugenics in Relation to the New Family and the law on Racial Integrity, Including a paper read before the American Public Health Association" 1 New Family Series (Richmond: 1924).

Stoddard, Lothrop. "In a Eugenics Court" from Out of the Darkness: Nazi Germany Today (New York: Duell, Sloan and Pierce, 1940).

Stern, Curt. "Selection and Eugenics" 110 Science 201 (1949).

The New Republic. "The Dilemma of Eugenics" The New Republic 304 (24 April 1935).

The Literary Digest. "Eugenics as the Cure for All the Race's Ills" The Literary Digest 22 (10 September 1932).

Tudenham, Edward G. D. "Racism and Eugenics in International Context"53 American Journal of Human Genetics 6:1367 (1993).

TIME. "Eugenics for Democracy" TIME 34 (9 September 1940).

Vigue, Charles L. "Eugenics and the Education of Women in the United States" 19:2 Journal of Educational Administration and History 51 (1987).

Ungern-Sternberg, Roderich. "The Causes of the Decline in Birth-Rate Within the European Sphere of Civilization" 4 Eugenics Research Association Monograph Series (August 1931).

Wallum, Harold J. "Compulsory Eugenic Sterilization, Biology and the Constitution" unpublished thesis, Harvard Law School (1958).

Wagner-Manslau. "Heredity as an Explanation of the Declining Birth-Rate" 6 Eugenics Research Association Monograph Series (August 1931).

Weindling, Paul. "The Survival of Eugenics in 20th-Century Germany" 52 The American Journal of Human Genetics 3:643 (1993).

Ward, Harold. "The Dilemma of Eugenics" The New Republic (24 April 1935).

Woodruff, Charles E. "Prevention of Degeneration the Only Practical Eugenics" 3 Proceedings of the American Breeders Association 247 (1909).

Weiss, Sheila Faith. Race Hygiene and National Efficiency: The Eugenics of Wilhelm Schallmayer (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987).