Sociology Index

EUGENICS

"In the civilized world, human rights cannot include the right to procreate, only those who are genetically fit must be allowed the privelege." - rvp.

Eugenic is of, or pertaining to eugenics. Eugenicist is an expert in eugenics.

Eugenics means racial improvement, controlled or selective breeding and planned evolution. Eugenics is the science dealing with factors that influence the hereditary qualities of a race. Eugenics means ‘good genes’. Francis Galton coined the term Eugenics. The theory of eugenics is that we can improve future generations of humans through selective breeding. Eugenic means Hereditarily endowed with noble qualities or more simply wellborn. The eugenics movement active in many parts of the Western world. The eugenics movement was driven by the belief that social intervention should occur in order to protect the best gene pool. This was achieved by encouraging people who were considered to represent ‘good’ genes to breed, and prevent those considered to have ‘bad’ genes from breeding.

Eugenics deals with factors that influence the hereditary qualities and with ways of improving these qualities. William Henry Beveridge, a member of the Eugenics Society improve the human race by controlling reproduction. Beveridge even proposed that men who could not work should be supported by the state, but with loss of civil freedom and fatherhood.

"THE AMERICAN BREED" - NAZI NAZISM EUGENICS AND THE ORIGINS OF THE PIONEER FUND by Paul A. Lombardo
ABSTRACT: Filling the existing gap in the history of eugenics by presenting an analysis of the origins of the Pioneer Fund which chartered in 1937 to support and publicize study on heredity and eugenics.

Carving up Population Science - Eugenics, Demography and the Controversy over the ‘Biological Law of Population Growth - Edmund Ramsden - Social Studies of Science, Vol. 32, No. 5-6, 857-899 (2002).

Selected Publications on Eugenics:

Taking Eugenics Seriously: 30 Florida State University Law Review 191 (2003).

A Life of Sir Francis Galton: From African Exploration to the Birth of Eugenics, by Nicholas Wright Gillham, New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 347, (Nov, 2002).

The American Breed: Nazi Eugenics and the Origin of the Pioneer Fund, 65 Albany Law Review (May, 2002).

Eugenics at the Movies A Review of the Black Stork, by Martin Pernick, The Hastings Center Report, vol 27 (March-April 1997) p. 43.

Medicine, Eugenics and the Supreme Court: From Coercive Sterilization to Reproductive Freedom - Journal of Contemporary Health Law and Policy 1996.

Miscegenation, Eugenics & Racism: Historical footnotes to Loving v. Virginia. University of California, Davis Law Review, 21 (1988) 422-452.

Involuntary Sterilization in Virginia: From Buck v. Bell to Poe v. Lynchburg. Developments in Mental Health Law 3 no. 3, (1983) 17-21.
Increasing attention is being paid to issues of human heredity. The Human Genome Project has kindled renewed interest in the possibility of amending our genetic legacy through preventive reproductive strategies. There is a renewed awareness of eugenics movement.

Since Kevles, several more focused investigations have been completed, and the study of eugenics from a variety of disciplinary perspectives continues to yield new volumes every year.

The Surgical Solution(1991); a study of the linkages between the American and German eugenics movements by Stefan Kuhl.

The Science and Politics of Racial Research (1994); a regional history of eugenics in the American South: Edward J. Larson.

Controlling Human Heredity (1995); a close analysis of the making of an American film on eugenics: Martin Pernick.

Sex, Race, and Science (1995); a study that connects trends in evolution and eugenics to modern genetic study: Diane B. Paul.

The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo-American Thought (1996); a history of psychiatry and eugenics in North America: Ian Robert Dowbiggin.

The Black Stork: Eugenics and the Death of Defective Babies in American Medicine and Motion Pictures Since 1915 (1996); a cultural and linguistic analysis of U.S. eugenics: Marouf A. Hasian.

Creating Born Criminals: Biological Theories of Crime and Eugenics (1997); an analysis of education and eugenics: Steven Selden.

Keeping America Sane: Psychiatry and Eugenics in the United States and Canada 1880-1940 (1997); a study of eugenic criminology: Nicole H. Rafter.

The Wellborn Science : Eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil and Russia by Mark Adams (1993).

Nancy Leys Stephan's The Hour of Eugenics: Race, Gender and Nation in Latin America (1991).

Gunar Broberg and Nils Roll-Hansen's collection on Eugenics and the Welfare State: Sterilization Policy in Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Finland (1996).

Inheriting Shame (New York: Teachers College Press, 1999); and a study of the eugenics movement in Vermont: Nancy L. Gallagher.

Race Hygiene and National Efficiency: The Eugenics of Wilhelm Schallmayer by Sheila Faith Weiss(1987).

Numerous works covering the German history of eugenics as the science of "racial hygiene" have also been published, notably.

The Racial State: Germany 1933-1945 (1991) by Michael Burleigh and Wolfgang Wipperman.

Paul Weindling’s Health, Race and German Politics Between National Unification and Nazism, 1870-1945 (1989).