Sociology Index


Those factors that encourage or cause a particular outcome, for example addiction to hard drugs is a etiological factor that can lead people into prostitution or criminal behavior; being raised in a violent home is a etiological factor that can lead to violent behavior or being victimized by violence.

ETIOLOGY is the study of the origins or causes of things. Typically etiology is used in medical research to describe the study of the causes of disease, but the term etiology is also used in the social sciences in reference to social problems like crime and deviance.

Etiological Factors and Long Term Consequences of Child Abuse - J. Vesterdal 
This is a difficult area for statistics because (a) the extent of the problem is always shrouded. Only the worst cases come before the courts; some are known by the authorities, some by neighbours and acquaintances, some only by the victim and the aggressor; (b) the line between legitimate punishment and abuse varies in different countries and at different periods, and can be difficult to draw with any certainty.

Case-control study of dietary etiological factors: the Melbourne Colorectal Cancer Study - Kune S, Kune GA, Watson LF. 
As part of a large-scale investigation of colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence, etiology, and survival, a case-control study was conducted to identify dietary factors associated with the risk of CRC. The study compared 715 cases with 727 age- and sex-matched community controls.

Family interactions as etiological factors in mental disorders: An analysis of the American Journal of Insanity, 1844-1848 - WR McPeak 
A review of the first four volumes of the American Journal of Insanity indicated that the primary etiological factor noted by authors during that period was disturbed brain functioning, although emotional factors were often mentioned as additional explanations for mental illness.

Changing presentation of seizures with aging: clinical and etiological factors - DeToledo JC,.University of Miami, USA.
BACKGROUND: The historically higher incidence of seizures in children has changed, the elderly now have a higher incidence than any age-group, 2-3 times of that found in children. Classical teachings on etiologies, clinical presentation and progression of seizures are based on observations of a younger population and need to be revised in view of features unique to this age-group.

The etiological factors that influence sexual offending
Abstract: The etiological factors that influence sexual offending continue to be investigated. The present study investigates childhood victimization, early exposure to pornography, and victim empathy as predictors of number and type of victims selected. Offender empathy was assessed using victim- and abuse-specific measures.