Sociology Index


Esteem refers to honor or positive evaluation within a group or community. Some sociologists have thought of esteem as a form of social status which can operate independently of income, wealth or power. Self-esteem is high regard for oneself. Self-esteem can also mean good opinion of oneself. We esteem people for their honesty. Do you deserve our esteem and love? If you have forfeited our respect and esteem, that actually means you don't deserve our esteem. I hold you in high esteem. Every human being, with no exception, for the mere fact to be it, is worthy of unconditional respect of everybody else; he deserves to esteem himself and to be esteemed. - José-Vicente Bonet.

Relationship of Gender, Self-Esteem, Social Class, and Racial Identity to Depression in Blacks. Maria B. Munford. Previous research has indicated that depression, the most common mental illness, can be related to such factors as gender, self-esteem, social class, racism and racial identity. Results showed that higher levels of depression were associated with lower levels of self-esteem. No significant gender differences were found in levels of self-esteem and depression, and no significant social class differences were found in levels of depression. 

Untangling the Links between Narcissism and Self-esteem: A Theoretical and Empirical Evidence Review. By Jennifer K. Bosson, Chad E. Lakey, W. Keith Campbell, Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Christian H. Jordan and Michael H. Kernis. Abstract: The links among narcissism, explicit self-esteem, and implicit self-esteem are unclear despite numerous attempts to illuminate these links. Some investigations suggest that narcissism reflects high explicit self-esteem that masks low implicit self-esteem, but other investigations fail to replicate this pattern.