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Equality of condition is also known as equality of outcome. Equality of condition is a form of egalitarianism which seeks to reduce or eliminate differences in material condition between individuals or households in a society. Where there is very little difference in individuals' possession of wealth, social status and power, there is equality of condition.

What is equality of condition?

In the treatise What is Property? (1849), Pierre Proudhon's fundamental premise is that equality of condition is the essence of justice. Equality in equality of condition is in a formal sense as understood by Aristotle when he says that justice is equality. Equality of condition is very difficult to achieve in complex societies.

Inequality of condition occurs where individuals have very different amounts of wealth, status and power. Inequality of opportunity is the biggest social problem that is hurting children in the developing world. Social Inequality is found in virtually all social processes.

Equality in education - An equality of condition perspective - Kathleen Lynch, John Baker, Equality Studies Centre. Transforming schools into truly egalitarian institutions requires a holistic and integrated approach. Using a robust conception of equality of condition, we examine key dimensions of equality that are central to both the purposes and processes of education: equality of oppotunity in educational and related resources; equality of respect and recognition; equality of power; and equality of love, care and social solidarity. We indicate in each case some of the major changes that need to occur if we are to promote equality of condition.

Luck And Equality - Richard J. Arneson 
Does it make sense to hold that, if it is bad that some people are worse off than others, it is worse if those who are worse off come to be so through sheer bad luck that it is beyond their power to control? In her contribution to this symposium, Susan Hurley cautions against a closely related fallacy: from the fact that people have come to an unequal condition through unchosen bad luck, it does not follow that, if we aim to undo the influence of unchosen luck, we ought to institute equality of condition. Principles of distributive justice should be sensitive to the distinction between chosen and unchosen bad luck.

An Argument for Equality of Condition, Thomas Christiano
I propose in this paper to give an argument for the principle of equality of condition. The argument attempts to establish the intrinsic justice of equality of condition at least for a limited range of cases. I think that the argument can be extended to a larger range of cases. What I will do in this paper is give an account of equality of condition as I understand it. Then I will say why an argument for equality of condition is desirable. I will give the basic argument for equality of condition, along the way criticizing sufficiency theories. I will then go on to outline some ways in which equality of condition can justly be abridged.