EQUALITY OF CONDITION
condition, Inequality of opportunity, Social Inequality
Equality of condition is also
known as equality of outcome. Equality of condition is a form of egalitarianism
which seeks to reduce or eliminate differences in material condition between individuals
or households in a society.
Where there is very little
difference in individuals' possession of wealth, status
and power, there is equality of condition.
What is equality of
condition? In the treatise What is Property? (1849), Pierre Proudhon's
fundamental premise is that equality of condition is the essence of justice.
Equality in equality of condition
is in a formal sense as understood by Aristotle when he says that justice is equality.
Equality of condition is very difficult to achieve in complex societies.
Equality in education - An
equality of condition perspective - Kathleen Lynch, John Baker,
Equality Studies Centre.
Transforming schools into truly
egalitarian institutions requires a holistic and integrated approach. Using a robust
conception of equality of condition, we examine key dimensions of equality
that are central to both the purposes and processes of education: equality in educational
and related resources; equality of respect and recognition; equality of power; and
equality of love, care and solidarity. We indicate in each case some of the major changes
that need to occur if we are to promote equality of condition.
Luck And Equality
- Richard J. Arneson
Does it make sense to hold that, if it is bad that some people are worse off than others,
it is worse if those who are worse off come to be so through sheer bad luck that it is
beyond their power to control? In her contribution to this symposium, Susan Hurley
cautions against a closely related fallacy: from the fact that people have come to an
unequal condition through unchosen bad luck, it does not follow that, if we aim to undo
the influence of unchosen luck, we ought to institute equality of condition. Principles of
distributive justice should be sensitive to the distinction between chosen and unchosen
bad luck. This essay explores how this might be done.
An Argument for Equality
of Condition, Thomas Christiano
I propose in this paper to give an argument for the principle of equality of condition.
The argument attempts to establish the intrinsic justice of equality of condition at least
for a limited range of cases. I think that the argument can be extended to a larger range
of cases. What I will do in this paper is give an account of equality of condition as I
understand it. Then I will say why an argument for equality is desirable. I will lay out
the principle of formal justice from which I proceed and a number of subsidiary
principles. Then I will give the basic argument for equality of condition, along the way
criticizing sufficiency theories. I will then go on to outline some ways in which equality
can justly be abridged.