Sociology Index

EPISTEMOLOGY

Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that deals with the varieties, grounds, and validity of knowledge. Epistemology is the study of knowledge and of how we know. All science, since it is concerned with verification and proving or disproving, must make assumptions about how we know. Epistemics deals with knowledge and understanding.

All science then adopts an epistemology. In sociology there has been a long debate about the sources of knowledge, Sociology of knowledge,  and this can be seen in the differences between positivism and postmodernism, or between positivism and phenomenology.

Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science - Anderson, Elizabeth - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Abstract: The central concept of feminist epistemology is that of a situated knower, and hence of situated knowledge: knowledge that reflects the particular perspectives of the subject. Feminist philosophers interested in how gender situates knowing subjects have articulated three main approaches to this question: feminist standpoint theory, feminist postmodernism, and feminist empiricism.

Social Epistemology and the Digital Divide - by Don Fallis School.
One of the main reasons why the digital divide is an important issue is that access to information technology has a tremendous impact on people's ability to acquire knowledge. According to Alvin Goldman, the project of social epistemology is to identify policies and practices that have good epistemic consequences. In this paper, I argue that this sort of approach to social epistemology can help us to decide on policies for dealing with the digital divide.

Dominionism and Epistemology - Hudson, Gabriel
Dominionism is an authoritarian ideology that combines political hegemony with metaphysical certitude. A key impediment to any authoritarian leadership is the capacity of subjects to question and counter its claims to power. The underlying difference in the conflict between dominionism and reason is best understood as a competition of epistemologies.

Transforming socio-economics with a new epistemology - Rogers Hollingsworth, Karl H. Müller
The epistemology of Science II has enormous potential for understanding problems of fundamental interest to socio-economists.

The Bias Paradox in Feminist Standpoint Epistemology - Rolin, Kristina.
Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology
Sandra Harding's feminist standpoint epistemology makes two claims. The thesis of epistemic privilege claims that unprivileged social positions are likely to generate perspectives that are "less partial and less distorted" than perspectives generated by other social positions.

The Epistemology of Democracy - Anderson, Elizabeth
Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology
This paper investigates the epistemic powers of democratic institutions through an assessment of three epistemic models of democracy: the Condorcet Jury Theorem, the Diversity Trumps Ability Theorem, and Dewey's experimentalist model. It views democracy as an institution for pooling widely distributed information about problems and policies of public interest by engaging the participation of epistemically diverse knowers.

Analytic Epistemology and Experimental Philosophy
Joshua Alexander and Jonathan M. Weinberg.
We will also defend experimental philosophy from some recent objections, suggest future directions for work in experimental philosophy, and suggest what future lines of epistemological response might be available to those wishing to defend analytic epistemology from the challenges posed by experimental philosophy.