Epidemiology is a term used
largely in medical sociology and
describing the study of the occurrence and distribution of diseases. Epidemiology
investigates changes in the frequency of occurrence or incidence
and association of diseases with particular physical or social locations.
Epidemiological research can be
conducted on crime - viewed as analogous to a disease of society - and a host of social problems.
American College of Epidemiology -
History and Mission: Over the past three decades, epidemiology, has matured into a field
of its own, as both an academic discipline and a field of practice in a large variety of
health agencies, hospitals, and research insitututions.
The past twenty years have been
marked by a significant increase in the number of individuals who have chosen epidemiology
as a career or who have entered epidemiology from such disciplines as medicine,
statistics, sociology, genetics, and biology.
The American College of
Epidemiology was incorporated in 1979 to develop criteria for professional recognition of
epidemiologists and to address their professional concerns. The College has benefitted
from the leadership of the leading epidemiologists in the world.
Emerging Themes in
Epidemiology - online journal published by BioMed Central.
Journal of Exposure
Science and Environmental Epidemiology (JESEE), is a peer-reviewed publication
that publishes research important to exposure assessment for toxic substances,
environmental epidemiology that includes a strong exposure analysis component and related
disciplines that advance the exposure assessment process. JESEE also publishes papers on
exposure analysis such as measurements and modeling; mechanisms of exposure; development
of molecular biomarkers; genomic, proteomic, and metabonomics studies that assess exposure
in the context of health effects; studies on chemical, biological, and physical principles
required to analyze human exposure from single and multiple routes; occupational exposure
studies; and, population-based studies.
Embodiment: a conceptual
glossary for epidemiology
Nancy Krieger - Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2005;59:350-355
Embodiment. This construct and process are central to ecosocial theory and epidemiological
inquiry. Recognising that we, as humans, are simultaneously social beings and biological
organisms, the notion of "embodiment" advances three critical claims: (1) bodies
tell stories aboutand cannot be studied divorced fromthe conditions of our
existence; (2) bodies tell stories that oftenbut not alwaysmatch peoples
stated accounts; and (3) bodies tell stories that people cannot or will not tell, either
because they are unable, forbidden, or choose not to tell. Just as the proverbial
"dead mans bones" do in fact tell tales, via forensic pathology and
historical anthropometry, so too do our living bodies tell stories about our lives,
whether or not these are ever consciously expressed. This glossary sketches some key
concepts, definitions, and hypotheses relevant for using the construct of
"embodiment" in epidemiological research, so as to promote not only rigorous
science but also social equity in health.
The globalization of epidemiology: critical
thoughts from Latin America
Mauricio L Barreto, Instituto de Sa˙de Coletiva, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Rua Padre
Feijˇ, 29-Canela, 40.110170 Salvador-Bahia - International Journal of Epidemiology
Background Epidemiology in Latin America, as in the rest of the world, has been developed
for the purpose of contributing towards understanding the causes and determinants of the
phenomena of health and disease in specific contexts. However, in that continent it has
Methods The paper explores epidemiology in the Latin American continent, emphasizing on
the one hand epidemiology as a knowledge-producing, scientific discipline, and on the
other hand, epidemiology in praxis, with its firm commitment to contributing towards
transforming the health of the population.
Results It has been possible to identify at least eight idiosyncrasies that characterize
epidemiology in Latin America. It is being forged with a strong connection to the
evolution of the discipline in an international context; however, it has its feet firmly
planted in reality, seeking to extract from that reality elements that may contribute
towards diminishing the serious health problems in that society.
Conclusions This paper presents a picture of the development of epidemiology in Latin
America. However, one important aspect is that these two elements, theory and praxis,
present consistent dialectic relationships and feedback; this is the main wealth of Latin