Environment, Deep Ecology, Books on Environmental Sociology
Environmental movement addresses environmental issues.,
The term environmental movement includes the conservation and green movements centered on ecology, health, and human rights.
The environmental movement in the United States began with the conservation movement and the establishment of Hot
Springs National Park in 1832.
Henry David Thoreau, John Muir and George Perkins Marsh
were the early leaders of conservation movement and thus the environmental movement. The
United Nations Conference on the Human Environment which was held in Stockholm in 1972
started discussions relating to the state of the global environment. This conference led
to the creation of environmental agencies and the UN Environment Program.
The United States passed the National Environmental
Policy Act which laid the foundations for current environmental standards. The book 'Silent Spring' was an early call to arms for the
environmental movement. Ozone depletion, global climate change, acid rain, and the harmful
genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are now the focus of environmental movements.
"Give Earth a Chance": The
Environmental Movement and the Sixties
In 1969 the Environmental Action for Survival Committee at the University of
Michigan began to sell buttons with a slogan. Instead of "Give Peace a Chance,"
the buttons urged Americans to "Give Earth a Chance." Newsweek soon asked if the
buttons might be symbols of a new age of conservation. In an Earth Day march thousands of
people joined the folk singers Pete Seeger and Phil Ochs in a great refrain: "All we
are saying," they sang, "is give earth a chance."
The popularity of the "Give Earth a Chance" slogan was not happenstance. The
rise of the environmental movement owed much to the events of the 1960s. The literature on
the sixties slights the environmental movement, while the work on environmentalism
neglects the political, social, and cultural history of the sixties. - Adam Rome, Journal
of American History
Thinking Globally, Acting Locally: Transnational
Environmental Movement Organizations' Involvement in Local Campaigns -
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association
Abstract: The ways in which the same forces of globalization that expose more and more
people around the world to environmental health risks are also creating new networks of
environmental health activists that link local health social movement struggles to a
global network of environmental health activism. Research into the roles transnational
environmental movement organizations play in local and national campaigns.
The Rhetoric of the Environmental Movement
by Ronald Hamowy.
The essay attempts to touch on one aspect of modern environmentalism and to examine it
against the backdrop of the values associated with a truly liberal society. What I hope to
do is to explore certain traits common to the rhetoric of the environmental movement that
I find particularly inimical to rational discourse and that serve only to support
untenable and fallacious conclusions and recommendations that, if accepted, would prove
devastating to civilization.
THE AMERICAN ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENT: SURVIVING
THROUGH DIVERSITY - Stacy J. Silveira
Abstract: This Note examines the transformation of the American environmental movement
into a social movement. It provides a history of the American environmental movement. The
environmental movement is traced from its origins as an upper-class movement with a
wilderness-centered ideology, to its transformation into a richer more diverse membership
and an ideology inclusive of the urban environment. The theoretical underpinnings of the
environmental movement in social movement theory are highlighted. The question of whether
grassroots environmental groups should protest or litigate, and how the legal system can
be strategically used by grassroots environmental groups, is examined.
The rise of grassroots environmentalism within the environmental movement illustrates the
transformation of environmentalism as an ideology into a full-fledged social movement. As
a social movement, the environmental movement has reached its apex with the rise of
Examines the complex interplay between grassroots environmentalism, protest strategies,
and the legal system. Part I provides a history of the evolution of the environmental
movement. This section conceptually divides environmentalism into four eras: (a)
conservation and preservation; (b) modern environmentalism; (c) mainstream
environmentalism; and (d) the rise of grassroots environmentalism.4 In Part II, the
theoretical underpinnings of the environmental movement are discussed. First, the
endurance of the environmental movement as a social movement is examined, focusing on the
structure of the environmental movement. Second, grassroots environmentalism is situated
within social movement theorys dominant paradigm, New Social Movement theory.
Finally, Part III discusses the strategies and tactics of grassroots environmentalism,
focusing on the complex interplay of direct action protests and the legal system.
What is environmentalism? How have
sociologists responded to the emergence of environmentalism? What is environmental
problem? What has sociology to offer the study of environmental problems?