Sociology Index


Emigration is migration out of a nation. Emigrants are those who leave their home country. Emigration is leaving one's native country to settle in another country. Immigration is the movement of peoples into a country or territory.

People choose to emigrate for political or economic reasons, or for personal reasons like emigrating to be with spouse. Aged people living in rich nations with cold climates normally choose to emigrate to warmer climates when they retire.

Emigration as popular culture - The case of Morocco - Tarik Sabry, Univ of Westminster, European Journal of Cultural Studies, Vol. 8, No.1, (2005) - This article explores the symbolic dimensions of emigration by enquiring into the relationship between emigration as a social phenomenon in Morocco, and Moroccan popular culture.

The article critiques the discourses of unity and reconciliation inherent in analyses of Moroccan popular culture and contends that the popular in Moroccan popular culture is a pseudo-popular that speaks for the voices of the centre. This article concentrates on three taken-for-granted, non-institutionalized, popular cultural spaces in Moroccan popular culture: popular jokes, the Derb and the queue outside western embassies, and argues that emigration in Morocco is not an isolated social phenomenon, but a pervasive part of the make-up of its popular culture.

A Review of Swedish Emigration to America -
The history of Swedish emigration to America goes further back in time than that of the United States. Swedes started to come in 1638, just eighteen years after the landing of the "MAYFLOWER."
Unlike the Pilgrim Fathers, the Swedes were not religious dissenters but rather an organized group of colonizers. They had been sent out by the government in Stockholm in order to establish a colony under the Swedish crown in Delaware.
The tidal wave of Swedish emigration began in the mid 1840s, when the first organized emigrant groups started to arrive in New York. These farmers destined to Iowa and Illinois were followed during the period up to 1930 by almost 1.3 million countrymen. The Swedes still rank number seven among the European groups. In proportion to the population of their home countries, only the British Isles and Norway surpassed Sweden in the number of immigrants.

At the end of the 1860s, Sweden was struck by the last of a series of severe hunger catastrophes. The agriculture which was still only partially modernized had been struggling with difficult times. Now came a series of crop failures. 1867 thus became "the wet year" of rotting grain, 1868 became the "dry year" of burned fields, and 1869 became "the severe year" of epidemics and begging children. Sixty thousand people left Sweden during these three "starvation years". It was the beginning of the mass emigration which, with short intervals, was to continue up to World War I. During the era of mass emigration 1868-1914 more than a million Swedes emigrated, mostly to the U.S. The emigration resumed after the war, but on a more modest scale.

The Swedish mass emigration would not have been possible without the Swedish railroads and the organized passenger traffic over the Atlantic. At this time no Swedish line carried passengers directly from Gothenburg to New York. The Swedes therefore had to use British or German ships. The emigrant route started with the train ride to the big port of Gothenburg, where the complete passage, such as Gothenburg-Chicago, of the British Wilson Line, which brought the emigrants to Hull in England.

Negotiating Emigration and the Family: Individual Solutions to the 1997 Anxiety 
KHUN ENG KUAH - The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 547, No. 1, 54-67 (1996) � 1996 American Academy of Political & Social Science
In an environment of decolonization and Sino-British disagreement, the Hong Kong people are reevaluating their status relating to the transfer of sovereignty from Britain to China. This is coupled with a sense of anomie resulting from the rapid shift to a postindustrial, postmodern era. The return to China could bring authoritarianism, yet movement toward postindustrialism and postmodernism represents liberalism. How do Hong Kong people cope with these two dialectically opposed sociopolitical and socioeconomic processes? This article explores how individuals and families cope with political uncertainty through negotiating emigration and marriage strategies. In selecting their strategies, they face dislocation in their host countries.

The Role of Emigration and Migration in Swedish Industrialization 
Urban Karistrom - Stockholm School of Economics, Box 6501, S-113 83 Stockholm, Sweden 
International Regional Science Review, Vol. 7, No. 2, 153-174 (1982)
A numerical general equilibrium model has been designed to describe Swedish demoeconomic development during its first phase of industrialization, the pre-World War I period. Three dynamic simulations analyze the role of rural-to-urban migration and emigration in Swedish industrialization and some results are presented concerning their importance for the development of the Swedish economy.