Sociology Index

Educational Inequality

Educational inequality affects everyone irrespective of which country or race one belonged to. Educational inequality leads to differences in the educational success of individuals and suppresses social mobility and economic mobility. Education inequality also arises from the standard of knowledge and study provided by various institutes. Educational inequality attacks the very core of democracy.

Educational Inequality In India

Educational inequality is caused by inadequate school funding, qualified and experienced teachers to socially excluded communities. Educational inequality also arises because of the reluctance to educate the girl child particularly in contries like India. From ancient times educational inequality prevailed in India. Education was reserved for boys belonging to the Brahmin caste. Educational inequality is one of the topmost reasons for social inequality. People prefer getting their daughters married off early than educate them.

Much of educational inequality is attributed to economic disparities that often falls along racial lines and much modern conversation about educational equity conflates the two, showing how they are inseparable from residential location and, more recently, language. - Lee, Chungmei; Gary Orfield (2005). Why Segregation Matters: Poverty and Educational Inequality" The Civil Rights Project. Harvard University.

Unequal educational outcomes are attributed to several variables, including family of origin, gender, and social class. Achievement, earnings, health status, and political participation also contribute to educational inequality within the United States and other countries. - Ferreira, Francisco; Gignoux, Jeremie (2014). The Measurement of Educational Inequality: Achievement and Opportunity. World Bank Economic Review. 28 (2): 210–246.

Educational inequality in rural and urban India.
Tushar Agrawal - International Journal of Educational Development
Volume 34, January 2014, Pages 11-19.
This paper presents estimates of educational inequality for the major Indian states. We compute the education Gini index separately for the rural and urban sectors and examine the changes in inequality during past two decades. The estimates show the high extent of educational inequality; though the inequality declined between 1993 and 2009 the Gini index is above 50% in 2009. We find that a large part of overall educational inequality is accounted for by intra-sector inequality. Further, intra-sector inequality has increased and inter-sector inequality has narrowed during the above period.

Changing Educational Inequality in India in the Context of Affirmative Action
Sonalde Desai and Veena Kulkarni. Abstract: Indian society suffers from substantial educational inequality, employment, and income based on caste and ethnicity. Compensatory or positive discrimination policies reserve 15% of the seats in institutions of higher education and state and central government jobs for people of the lowest caste, the Scheduled Caste; 7.5% of the seats are reserved for the Scheduled Tribe.
These programs have been strengthened by improved enforcement and increased funding in the 1990s. This positive discrimination has also generated popular backlash and on-the-ground sabotage of the programs. This paper examines the changes in educational attainment between various social groups for a period of nearly 20 years to see whether educational inequality have declined over time. We find little improvement in educational inequality at the college level.

Education is necessary for society's movement forward. It promotes "citizenship, identity, equality of opportunity and social inclusion, social cohesion as well as economic growth and employment" and for these reasons, equality is widely promoted. - Shrivastava, Meenal; Shrivastava, Sanjiv (June 2014). Political economy of higher education: comparing South Africa to trends in the world. Higher Education. 67 (6): 809–822.

Educational inequality between white students and minority students continues to perpetuate social and economic inequality. - Williams, Belinda, ed. Closing the Achievement Gap: A Vision for Changing Beliefs and Practices.