Educational inequality arises because of the reluctance to educate the girl child in most parts of India. From ancient times educational inequality prevailed in India, Education was reserved for boys belonging to the Brahmin caste. India has predominantly been a country where in the age of Vedas, only boys of Brahmin caste were allowed to pursue education.
Educational Inequality has gradually declined in a few parts of India. The right to education is still a battle in most parts of India. People prefer getting their daughters married off early than educate them. Education inequality also arises from the standard of knowledge and study provided by various institutes.
Changing Educational Inequality in India in the
Context of Affirmative Action
Sonalde Desai and Veena Kulkarni
Abstract: Indian society suffers from substantial educational inequality, employment, and income based on caste and ethnicity. Compensatory or positive discrimination policies reserve 15% of the seats in institutions of higher education and state and central government jobs for people of the lowest caste, the Scheduled Caste; 7.5% of the seats are reserved for the Scheduled Tribe.
These programs have been strengthened by improved
enforcement and increased funding in the 1990s. This positive discrimination has also
generated popular backlash and on-the-ground sabotage of the programs. This paper examines
the changes in educational attainment between various social groups for a period of nearly
20 years to see whether educational inequality have declined over time.We find little
improvement in educational inequality at the college level.