Dramaturgical model interprets individual behavior as the dramatic projection of a chosen self. Dramaturgy is sociological perspective stemming from symbolic interactionism. As used by Erving Goffman and symbolic interactionists since, dramaturgical model is a metaphor for understanding human interaction and how humans present their self in society.
In dramaturgical model, all the world is conceived as a stage and individuals are seen as actors who present a show of their self by putting their best foot forward. The dramaturgical model metaphor is extended by Erving Goffman through concepts such as front stage, back stage and presentation of self. Goffman sees social interaction as involving impression management.
Erving Goffman in his dramaturgical model of social relations, sees social life literally in terms of actors acting, that is, all of us are like actors on a stage, presenting a play. A social actor wants to feel that he or she is performing the role that he or she is playing well.
In a dramaturgical model, social interaction is analyzed as part of a theatrical performance. People are actors who must convey their personal characteristics and their intentions to others through performances.
Dramaturgy or dramaturgical model emphasizes expressiveness as the main component of interactions. It is termed a "fully two-sided view of human interaction".
The Dramaturgical Model of Behavior: Its
Strengths and Weaknesses
The Psycho-Social Bases of Scatological Humor:
The Unmasking of the Self - William G. Plank