Sociology Index

DISSOCIATION

The term dissociation can be used in a psychological way or in a sociological way. For psychology, dissociation refers to the tendency for people in crisis to dissociate their experiences from aspects of their personality or identity. This can lead to multiple personality. For the sociologist, dissociation refers more to social isolation from others for a variety of reasons.

A novel socio-cognitive theory of dissociation and dissociative disorders is proposed. The model, which is both theoretical and clinical, is based on "functional dissociation of the self." A new concept is introduced in this paper: the sociological self. It is proposed that the main sources of dissociation are trauma-related detachment of the sociological and psychological selves and the subsequent amplification of the sociological self.

It is hoped that this conceptualization will contribute to efforts both toward understanding the everyday dissociation of the average contemporary individual and toward developing novel psychotherapeutic approaches which might shorten the length of treatment of dissociative disorders. - Functional dissociation of the self: a socio-cognitive approach to trauma and dissociation. Sar Vedat; Ozt�rk Erdin�, Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation (ISSD) 2007;8(4):69-89.

A Web-based survey of political dissenters conducted during the start of the US-led invasion of Iraq provides the case study data, which is used to test relationships between media dissociation, Internet use and antiwar activism. Study results revealed that the more the individuals surveyed felt their views differed from mainstream media portrayals so the more motivated they were to use the Internet as an information source and discussion channel. Mass Communication and Society. Media dissociation, Internet use, and antiwar political participation: A case study of political dissent and action against the war in Iraq. Abstract: Schmierbach, Michael, Hyunseo Hwang, Hye-Jin Paek, de Zuniga, Homero Gil, Shah, Dhavan, Publisher: University of South Carolina.

Understanding Adoptees Who Kill: Dissociation, Patricide, and the Psychodynamics of Adoption
David Kirschner - International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, Vol. 36, No. 4, 323-333 (1992)
Adoption is often the key to the psychopathology of adopted killers, yet its importance is rarely noted. Three cases of patricide by adoptees are examined in light of a unique pattern of psychopathology, the Adopted Child Syndrome. In this syndrome, an aspect of the self, experienced as "bad" and usually identified with the fantasized biological parents, is dissociated. Under conditions of loss or rejection, this dissociated part of the self may erupt in murderous violence against the adoptive parents and others. In extreme cases, the syndrome is akin to multiple personality disorder, and such a diagnosis could be warranted.

Relationship of Dissociation to Temperament and Character in Men and Women
Hans-Joergen Grabe, M.D., Carsten Spitzer, M.D., and Harald Juergen Freyberger, M.D.
Am J Psychiatry 156:1811-1813, November 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study approaches the question of nature and nurture of dissociative phenomena. Within Cloninger’s concept of personality, character traits are thought to develop in response to environmental stimuli and conditions during childhood and adolescence, whereas temperament traits are considered to be genetically predisposed. The hypothesis is tested that dissociative symptoms are associated with distinct character traits but not with temperament dimensions.

Two systems for empathy: a double dissociation between emotional and cognitive empathy in inferior frontal gyrus versus ventromedial prefrontal lesions - Simone G. Shamay-Tsoory, Judith Aharon-Peretz and Daniella Perry
The findings reveal a remarkable behavioural and anatomic double dissociation between deficits in cognitive empathy (VM) and emotional empathy (IFG). Furthermore, precise anatomical mapping of lesions revealed Brodmann area 44 to be critical for emotional empathy while areas 11 and 10 were found necessary for cognitive empathy. These findings are consistent with these cortices being different in terms of synaptic hierarchy and phylogenetic age. The pattern of empathy deficits among patients with VM and IFG lesions represents a first direct evidence of a double dissociation between emotional and cognitive empathy using the lesion method.