DEVELOPMENTAL CRIME PREVENTION
Situational Crime Prevention, Effective Guardianship, Community Crime Prevention
Developmental crime prevention is an approach to crime prevention which focuses on
the way a crime occurs or a victimization happens.
The community may focus on helping teachers develop self-control in young people,
provide follow up on violent behaviour by young people or educate the public to make their
property more secure.
In general developmental crime prevention approach to crime prevention tries to
prevent the development of a motivated offender.
Prevention experiments with children have targeted the development of antisocial
behavior and confirm the hypothesis that early childhood factors are important precursors
of delinquent behavior and that a cumulative effect model best fits the data. Experiments
have aimed to prevent criminal behavior or one of three important delinquency risk
factors: socially disruptive behavior, cognitive deficits, and poor parenting. Experiments
with juvenile delinquency as an outcome demonstrate that positive results are more likely
when interventions are aimed at more than one risk factor, last for a relatively long
period of time, and are implemented before adolescence. - Abstract - Developmental Crime
Prevention - Richard E. Tremblay, Wendy M. Craig - Crime and Justice, Vol. 19,
Building a Safer Society: Strategic Approaches to Crime Prevention (1995). - jstor.org
Developmental and early intervention approaches to crime prevention
ISSN 1448-1383 1 July 2003 - View paper (HTML) -
PDF print version (PDF 118kB) - aic.gov.au/publications/crm/crm004.pdf
Abstract: Developmental and early intervention strategies for the reduction and prevention
of crime can operate across all three levels of prevention: primary, secondary and
Developmental prevention is intervention early in developmental pathways that may lead to
the emergence and recurrence of criminal behaviours and other social problems. It does not
just mean early in life, although inevitably many of the critical moments for effective
intervention will occur during the early years.
Developmental prevention emphasises investment in strategies and programs for creating
"child friendly" institutions and communities. It also focuses on the
manipulation of multiple risk and protective factors at crucial transition points across a
lifetime. Such points can be around birth, the preschool years, the transition from
primary to secondary school, and subsequent transitions to higher education, employment,
and so on.
In Australia, developmental prevention programs typically cover areas such as parenting
and early childhood support, health care assistance and home help, literacy training and
alternative learning programs, anti-bullying initiatives in schools, programs addressing
violence reduction, self-esteem and self-empowerment development and training, job skills
training and development, establishment of theatre and arts groups, sport and youth
centres for recreation, and early school-leavers' programs.
The growing interest in developmental and early intervention for the prevention and
reduction of crime is mainly driven by two closely related factors:
frustration at the apparent failure of conventional strategies to prevent the long-term
growth and recurrence of crime in the community; and
evidence from a small number of well researched and evaluated initiatives which strongly
suggest that significant long-term benefits (particularly financial) will accrue from
effective developmental and early intervention programs.
The most significant challenge for developmental and early intervention crime prevention
remains moving the research evidence into effective everyday programs.
Homel, R. et al. 1999, Pathways to Prevention: Developmental and Early Intervention
Approaches to Crime in Australia, Commonwealth Attorney-General's Department, Canberra.
Tremblay, R.E., and W. Craig 1995 Developmental crime prevention.
Developmental and Early Intervention Approaches to Crime Prevention - Dr Linda
Gilmore, Psychologist and Senior Lecturer, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane,
Dr Linda Gilmore is a developmental psychologist who lectures in educational and
developmental psychology and disability at Queensland University of Technology in
Brisbane, Australia. She holds undergraduate degrees in psychology and education, a
Masters degree in educational psychology and a Doctor of Philosophy in special
education. Dr Gilmore is a member of the
Developmental Crime Prevention Consortium which produced the 1999 report Pathways to
prevention: Developmental and early intervention approaches to crime in Australia, and is
currently co-authoring a book about developmental approaches to crime and crime policy for
Cambridge University Press. As a psychologist in clinical practice, she has a particular
interest in working with at-risk children and their families to develop effective early
interventions for promoting optimum development, and she has undertaken research across a
range of developmental and disability areas including intellectual disability,
self-regulation, developmental problems and parenting.
Presentation Abstract: This topic addresses the developmental pathways that lead to
criminal behaviour, and considers the evidence base for effective early interventions.
Developmental and early intervention approaches to crime prevention highlights new
directions in developmental prevention. - ncpc.gov.sg/icpc2004/speakers.htm
Community crime prevention is a general category of prevention strategies which
focus on the community itself.
This general category of community crime prevention includes strategies such as
developmental crime prevention,
effective guardianship or situational crime prevention.