Sociology Index

DEVELOPMENTAL CRIME PREVENTION

Developmental crime prevention is an approach to crime prevention which focuses on the way a crime occurs or a victimization happens. Crime prevention includes strategies such as ‘Community Crime Prevention’, ‘Effective Guardianship’ and ‘Situational Crime Prevention’. The community may focus on helping teachers develop self-control in young people, provide follow up on violent behaviour by young people or educate the public to make their property more secure. In general developmental crime prevention approach to crime prevention tries to prevent the development of a motivated offender. Prevention experiments with children have targeted the development of antisocial behavior and confirm the hypothesis that early childhood factors are important precursors of delinquent behavior and that a cumulative effect model best fits the data.

Experiments have aimed to prevent criminal behavior or one of three important delinquency risk factors: socially disruptive behavior, cognitive deficits, and poor parenting. The most significant challenge for developmental crime prevention and early intervention crime prevention remains moving the research evidence into effective everyday programs.

Experiments with juvenile delinquency as an outcome demonstrate that positive results are more likely when interventions are aimed at more than one risk factor, last for a relatively long period of time, and are implemented before adolescence. - Abstract - Developmental Crime Prevention - Richard E. Tremblay, Wendy M. Craig - Crime and Justice, Vol. 19, Building a Safer Society: Strategic Approaches to Crime Prevention (1995).

Developmental and early intervention approaches to crime prevention
ISSN 1448-1383 1 July 2003
Abstract: Developmental crime prevention and early intervention strategies for the reduction and prevention of crime can operate across all three levels of prevention: primary, secondary and tertiary.
Developmental crime prevention is intervention early in developmental pathways that may lead to the emergence and recurrence of criminal behaviours and other social problems. Developmental crime prevention emphasises investment in strategies and programs for creating "child friendly" institutions and communities. In Australia, developmental crime prevention programs typically cover areas such as parenting and early childhood support. The growing interest in developmental crime prevention and early intervention for the prevention and reduction of crime is mainly driven by frustration at the apparent failure of conventional strategies to prevent the long-term growth and recurrence of crime in the community.

Homel, R. et al. 1999, Pathways to Prevention: Developmental and Early Intervention Approaches to Crime in Australia, Commonwealth Attorney-General's Department, Canberra.

“Developmental and Early Intervention Approaches to Crime Prevention” - Dr Linda Gilmore, Psychologist and Senior Lecturer, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. Dr Gilmore is a member of the Developmental Crime Prevention Consortium which produced the 1999 report Pathways to prevention: Developmental and early intervention approaches to crime in Australia, and is currently co-authoring a book about developmental approaches to crime and crime policy for Cambridge University Press. Developmental crime prevention and early intervention approaches to crime prevention highlights new directions in developmental prevention. Community crime prevention is a general category of prevention strategies which focus on the community itself. This general category of community crime prevention includes strategies such as ‘developmental crime prevention’, ‘effective guardianship’ or ‘situational crime prevention’.

Tremblay, R.E., and W. Craig 1995 Developmental crime prevention. journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/449231 Abstract: Prevention experiments with children have targeted the development of antisocial behavior and confirm the hypothesis that early childhood factors are important precursors of delinquent behavior and that a cumulative effect model best fits the data.