Dependent development is a central
concept of dependency theory. Dependent development has typically involved the exporting
of primary resources. Rather than seeing the world's nations dividing economic labor and
interacting as equal partners, dependent development suggests that some nations are able
to impose unequal exchanges on others and thus retard the economic development of these
nations or make their development dependent on stronger or more economically advanced
Dependent development is more a
leftist and nationalist view of globalization and supraterritoriality. At the beginning of the seventies,
Brazil was the archetype of dependent development, a country whose rapid industrialization was propelled by a combination of
investment by transnational corporations and
the demand for consumer durables that depended on rising inequality of condition. According to Evans &
Gereffi there is no evidence that endogenous political forces are as important in the
process of dependent development as external ones.
Linkages, the State, and Dependent Development in South Korea, 1966-1988: A Time-Series
Analysis - York W. Bradshaw, Young-Jeong Kim, Bruce London, Social Forces,
Vol. 72, No. 2 (Dec., 1993), pp. 315-345. Abstract: This article uses time-series analysis
to examine development patterns in South Korea, a country that has realized dramatic
economic growth over the last several decades.
We show that: arguments associated
with classical dependency and dependent development theory must be modified substantially
when applied to Korea; foreign trade and foreign loans have facilitated economic growth,
whereas the capital outflow associated with direct foreign investment continues to impede
expansion. Korea has experienced a form of dependent development that relies heavily on
international trade, a strong national state, and local business. This pattern is in
contrast to Latin American dependent development, which places a emphasis on direct
Development in the Third World in the Decade of Oil -
Barry Almark, S. S. Alvarado, Review of Radical Political Economics, Vol. 15, No. 3,
Barry Almark and S. S. Alvarado argue that after a decade of Third World control over oil
resources, the economic dependence of most Third World countries has increased. The end of
the narrative, 1983, finds a developing world with stagnant economic growth where
independent Third World policy actions are virtually ruled out by their foreign creditors,
both private banks and the governments of the major capitalist
Structural Consolidation: The Colorado Delta Region, 1900-10 - Miguel De
In the period of vast systemic consolidation and expansion of the capitalist world-system
in the late 19th and early 20th century via transnational
corporations, a large quantity of investment capital primarily in the form of one
transnational, linked the Colorado Delta region to the global economy. The result was
capital-intensive dependent development and the region's conversion to the role of peripheral producer in the world-economy.
The Historical and Global Nature of Dependent Development - Kathleen C.
A Time-Series Analysis of Brazil and Mexico, 1901-80
History rarely appears as a variable in dependency or
dependent development studies. We do not know if dependency or dependent development
processes observed in the period prior to the Second World War foretell those of the
postwar period. Ironically, the empirical evidence
scholarship in dependency research appears guilty of the charge leveled against
neoclassical economists. Dependency theorists assert that postcolonial market
mechanisms-mediated principally through prices-produce economic outcomes similar to those
produced by the political apparatus of the colonialism.
While the scholarship has moved away from the more orthodox "underdevelopment"
position, it affirms, a dependent development position, that countries which are more
"dependent" on industrialized nations for the direction and velocity of their
growth suffer dampened or distorted economic development.
Dependent Development and Regional Integration: A Critical Examination of
the Southern... Richards Latin American Perspectives.1997; 24: 133-155
Cardoso's Theory of
Dependent Development and the Socio-political Limits of Foreign Corporate Ownership in
Brazil - Abells, Susan
When Fernando Henrique Cardoso became President of Brazil in 1995, he implemented a model
of development under the Washington Consensus that reproduced and accelerated
Brazils situation of dependency. I argue that with their power to influence the
industrial strategy of Brazil badly eroded, those domestic capitalists disenfranchised by
Cardosos development model abandoned it in the presidential election of 2002,
fracturing the unity of the capitalist classes, creating a crisis of hegemony.