R. J. Rummel defined democide as murder by government including genocide, mass murder and politicide. Rummel's idea was to include forms of government murder that are not covered by the term genocide. Government-sponsored killings would be considered democide. Democide includes deaths arising from reckless disregard for life which includes deaths arising because of forced mass starvation. The objectives of democide include the disintegration of the political and social institutions of culture. Figures figures for democide include Chinese Communist Party (77 million), Soviet Union (62 million), Nazi Germany (21 million).
Great Purges carried out by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union and the deaths from the colonial policy in the Congo. Mao Zedong's Great Leap Forward and famine killed millions of people.
Rummel re-classified Mao Zedong's Great Leap Forward as democide in 2005. These were not cases of genocide because they resulted from government policies. Induced famine can also be democide.
Democide is still occuring. In 2015, over 4,000 Christian people were killed in church attacks throughout Nigeria.