Sociology Index


Demand mobility is a form of social mobility more according to demand in changing business and global environment. Demand mobility takes place over time and is not caused by individuals ascending or descending in class or status, but by changes in the occupational structure of the economy. Demand mobility results from there being greater demand for some kinds of labour and a shrinking demand for others and not from the openness of the society. Due to globalization in modern economies there is a great amount of demand mobility among occupations. Demand mobility is occupation movement due to changing business and global environment. In a situation of high demand mobility, with little openness, one might find that workers occupy the same relative positions in social and economic position as their parents although performing quite different work. Horizontal Social Mobility is the transition of an individual from one position to another situated on the same level. Vertical Social Mobility is the transition of an individual from one position to another, situated at a different level. Contest Mobility refers to system of social mobility in which all individuals are seen as participants in a race and the contest is an open one. In Sponsored Mobility, elite status is not earned, but given on the basis of some objective criterion.

Demand Mobility in Transportation

Travel and mobility demands are evolving from an emphasis on private automobile ownership to more flexible, public and private options which incorporate shared-use and multimodal integration. On Demand mobility is a strategy that has been speculated to bring out the best possible results for the implementation of autonomous modes of transport.

Values, Demand Mobility and Social Mobility
American Sociological Review - Abstract: If industrial societies in fact institutionalize universalistic-achievement values in the area of social mobility to a greater extent than pre-industrial societies, one would hypothesize that when inter-societal differences in occupational demand are held constant, industrial societies should still exhibit more mobility than pre-industrial societies. Tested with mobility data at the elite level in industrial and pre-industrial societies, this hypothesis is not strongly supported. Greater "openness" of industrial societies may be due wholly to quantitative occupational demand, rather than to values and norms of a universalistic-achievement type.