After "Technocracy," "technetronic society," and "computopia"? the effects of the information revolution on business and government gives cyberocracy. This term cyberocracy is from the roots "cyber-" and "-cracy," rule through information and technology.
Cyberocracy implies that information and its control will be elevated to a key principle. Cyberocracy will include new forms of democratic, totalitarian, and hybrid governments. Cyberocracy could also mean a bureaucracy changed by information technology. Cyberocracy may also just be a symbolic and cultural name given to bureaucracy. Cyberocracy may also be defined as a form of organization that adds to traditional forms of bureaucracy and technocracy.
As cyberocracy develops, information and its control will become a dominant source of power, as a natural next step in man's political evolution. In the past, under aristocracy, the high-born ruled; under theocracy, the high priests ruled. In modern times, democracy and bureaucracy have enabled new kinds of people to participate in government. In turn, cyberocracy, by arising from the current revolution in information and communications technologies, may slowly but radically affect who rules, how, and why.
The first cyberocracies may appear as overlays on established bureaucratic forms of organization and behavior, just as the new post- industrial aspects of society overlay the still necessary industrial and agricultural aspects. Yet such an overlay may well begin to alter the structure and functioning of a system as a whole. Just as we now speak of the information society as an aspect of post-industrial society, we may someday speak of cyberocracy as an aspect of the post-bureaucratic state. - - CYBEROCRACY IS COMING - David Ronfeldt - 1992 Taylor & Francis.
Although the shape of a full-fledged cyberocracy remains obscure, it should spell major changes in the nature and conduct of government. It should not mean that a nation's intelligence services, think-tanks, media, or other sources of informational power dominate government, although the information revolution has increased their visibility and importance.
Cyberocracy is the new term here. Terms with "cyber-" as the prefix--e.g., cyberspace--are currently in vogue among some visionaries and technologists who are seeking names for new concepts and realities related to the information revolution. The prefix is from a Greek root, kybernan, meaning to steer or govern, and a related word, kybernetes, meaning pilot, governor, or helmsman. The prefix was introduced by Norbert Wiener in the 1940s in his works creating the field of "cybernetics" (a term related to cybernetique, a French word meaning the art of government). Some readers may object to my addition to the lexicon, but I prefer it to alternatives like the "informatization" of government and the "informated" bureaucracy. In my view, a good case exists for using the "cyber-" prefix, for it bridges the concepts of information and governance better than any other available prefix or term. Indeed, kybernan is also the root of the word "govern" and its extensions. - David Ronfeldt.
Wriston, who has been praised for building Citibank into "the one institution that understands that finance no longer has to do with money but with information," says that new terms and concepts are needed.
Tom Forester (ed), The Micro Electronics Revolution: The
Complete Guide to the New Technology and Its Impact on Society, The MIT Press, Cambridge,
David Ronfeldt, Cyberocracy, Cyberspace, and Cyberology:
Political Effects of the Information Revolution, P-7745, RAND, Santa Monica, 1991.