Sociology Index


Acculturation, Books on Acculturation, Culture and Cultural Studies, Books On Cultural Studies

The generally shared knowledge, beliefs and values of members of society is termed as culture. Culture is conveyed from generation to generation through the process of socialization.

Though culture is made up of ideas, some sociologists also argue that it is not exclusively ideational but can be found in human-made material objects. Culture and social structure are considered as the two key components of society and are therefore the foundation concepts of sociology. Culture is the integrated pattern of human behavior that includes thought, speech, action, and artifacts.

Culture depends upon the human capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations. Culture is the totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and products of human work and thought. Culture is the customary beliefs, social forms, and traits of a racial, religious, or social group. Culture is the intellectual and artistic activity and the works produced by it.

Culture: People learn culture. That is culture's essential feature. Many qualities of human life are transmitted genetically, like, an infant's desire for food which is triggered by physiological characteristics determined within the human genetic code. An adult's specific desire for milk and cereal in the morning, on the other hand, cannot be explained genetically; rather, it is a learned or cultural response to morning hunger.

Culture, as a body of learned behaviors common to a given human society, acts rather like a template. So culture resides in all learned behavior and in some shaping template or consciousness prior to behavior as well, that is, a "cultural template" can be in place prior to the birth of an individual person.