Sociology Index

Culture And Cultural Studies

Cultural Studies Books, Fashion Culture, Consumer Culture, Popular Culture, Abstracts

The concept of culture and how cultural meanings are formed and changed. What is Culture? Culture cannot be easily defined, nor is there a consensus as to what exactly the concept should include. We need to explore the concept of human culture.

Culture includes all socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs and institutions. Culture also includes customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial, religious, or social group.

Culture is the pattern of human behavior that includes thought, speech, action, and artifacts. Culture reflects the human capacity for learning and the devolution of knowledge to succeeding generations including intellectual and artistic activity and the works produced by it.

If the process of learning is an essential characteristic of culture, then teaching also is a crucial characteristic. The way culture is taught and reproduced is itself an important component of culture.

The essential feature of culture is that people learn culture. Many qualities of human life are transmitted genetically. An adult's specific desire for a particular diet in the morning is not genetic, it is a learned or rather cultural response.

Culture, as a body of learned behaviors common to a given human society is of predictable form and content, shaping behavior and consciousness within a human society from generation to generation. This "cultural template" may be in place prior to the birth of an individual person.

If the process of learning is an essential characteristic of culture, then teaching also is a crucial characteristic. The way culture is taught and reproduced is itself an important component of culture.