The term CULTURAL GENOCIDE comes from the word gens, meaning a clan or community of people related by common descent. The idea of
cultural genocide implies the process of undermining, suppressing, and ultimately
eliminating, native cultures. The deliberate destruction of the cultural heritage of a
people or nation for political or military reasons is also termed
as cultural genocide.
The `Stolen Generations'
and Cultural Genocide - The Forced Removal of Australian Indigenous Children from
their Families and its Implications for the Sociology of Childhood - ROBERT VAN
KRIEKEN, University of Sydney - Childhood, Vol. 6, No. 3, 297-311 (1999)
It was cultural genocide when
Australian government authorities assumed legal guardianship of all Indigenous children
and removed large numbers of them from their families in order to 'assimilate' them into
European society and culture. This policy has been described as cultural genocide, even
though at the time it was presented by state authorities as being 'in the best interests'
of Aboriginal children.
Earthen Spirituality or
Cultural Genocide?: Radical Environmentalism's Appropriation of Native American
Spirituality - Taylor B, Source: Religion, Volume 27, Number 2, April 1997
Abstract: The appropriation by non-Indians of Native American religious practices has
become a highly contentious phenomenon. The present analysis focuses on the controversy as
it has unfolded within the Deep Ecology or Radical
Environmental Movement in North America.
"Cultural Genocide, the Universal Declaration, and Minority Rights"
Human Rights Quarterly - Volume 21, Number 4, Nov. 1999, The Johns Hopkins University
Excerpt: This essay will show how the drafting of the Convention on the Prevention
and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide and of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights overlapped in a significant
manner. That overlap helps explain why neither of these documents directly addresses the
crime of cultural genocide. The drafters of the Genocide Convention severely weakened the
prevention part of their goal when they cut out of their document the prohibition and
punishability of acts of cultural genocide. Prohibition was in the first draft of the
Genocide Convention. During the drafting process, it was clear that the communist and Arab
delegations favored a cultural genocide article for the Genocide Convention as well as a
minority rights article for the Universal Declaration.
Having witnessed Hitler's acts of ethnic cleansing first-hand, the Western delegates
understood the connection between cultural genocide and physical genocide, which the
communist and Arab delegations were making. They argued, however, that the right place to
make that connection was in the Universal Declaration and not in the Genocide Convention
itself. Therefore, they voted to delete the cultural genocide prohibition from the
Convention on the promise that they would support a similar measure for the Universal
The Puzzle of Genocide - Freeman, Michael
Recognizes the difficulties involved in trying to define the term "genocide" and
how concepts such as "cultural genocide" and "political genocide"
affect debate on the subject. Argues that to be clearly understood, cultural genocide or
political genocide must be defined widely enough to identify appropriate cases, yet
narrowly enough that it is not trivialized.
Cultural Genocide - A Prelude/Counter-part of Genocide?
Pamela de Condappa, King's College
Cultural genocide is an emotive and controversial schema that must be qualified to the
strictest possible degree. This paper seeks to discuss and define the problematic concept of Cultural genocide. Acknowledging that
the term genocide is itself affected by legal, political and culturally specific
considerations, genocide is most simply defined as the intent to destroy in whole or in
part a racial, ethnic, religious, or national group as such, by killing members of the
group or imposing conditions inimical to survival (Kuper 1994:32).
I argue that this process may involve symbolically pertinent culture within the context of
a particular cultural landscape. Thus symbols of culture
associated with the identity of a particular group, which has been subjected to
destruction/redefinition as part of a widespread and planned strategy, in turn
renegotiating the identity of other group(s) in conflict with the initial group, is
potentially comparable to the processes that define cultural genocide. This therefore
constitutes a type of cultural genocide.
Accepting the above premise, attention must then be drawn to the potentially critical role
that archaeologists and anthropologists, with invaluable experience of the relevant
geographical and cultural fields over time, could play in highlighting cultural genocide
as a potential precursor to physical genocide.
Article 7 of the "United
Nations draft declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples" defines Cultural
Genocide: Indigenous peoples have the collective and
individual right not to be subjected to ethnocide and cultural genocide, including
prevention of and redress.