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An explanation for crime (such as homicide) which is phrased in terms of the culture of the subgroup or the culture of that nation. John Hagen has argued that Canada has a lower homicide rate than does the USA because Canada's culture is more traditional than that of the USA. Canada's culture tends to focus on respect for authority, communitarianism and is more elitist than is the culture of the USA.

A Cultural Explanation of Collapse into Civil War.

A Cultural Explanation of Japan's economic performance.

A cultural explanation of Sweden's intervention in the Thirty Years War.

The Revival of Cultural Explanation in Economics.

Cultural Explanation for the Demographic Transition.

Cultural explanation and organizational crime 
Authors: Shover N; Hochstetler A.

Source: Crime, Law and Social Change, Volume 37, Number 1, January 2002.
Abstract: Both the number and influence of organizations increased dramatically during the 20^th} century, which helps explain why the problem of organizational crime has received attention from investigators. Growing interest in organizational crime and corporate crime has been matched by interest in organizational culture.

Variation in organizational culture is employed to explain many aspects of organizational performance, from effectiveness in goal attainment to criminal conduct. There are reasons, however, to be critical of theoretical constructions and empirical evidence investigations of organizational culture. There is both considerable ambiguity about its meaning and an implicit assumption of intra-organizational cultural uniformity. 

Cultural explanations were developed principally in case studies, empirical analyses are flawed, and supportive post hoc interpretations of interesting or enigmatic findings are commonplace. The influence of hierarchy and agency as constraints on organizational culture has received insufficient attention. We interpret the appeal of organizational culture despite the absence of demonstrated predictive value, and we call for additional research on sources of variation in organizational crime.

Abstract: Research assessing the capacity of a cultural explanation to account for the relationship between certain structural positions and high rates of criminal violence has ignored a significant intervening variables. That variable is disputatiousness, the likelihood of being offended by a negative outcome and seeking reparation through protest. This article hypothesizes that individuals who occupy positions featuring high rates of violence are more likely than their counterparts to be offended by a negative outcome, to protest the injury, and to use force when the protest fails. Testing these hypotheses calls for individual level data bearing on behavioral dispositions under a variety of circumstances. A methodological procedure for collecting such data is proposed, and suggestions for future research are discussed.

The Revival of Cultural Explanation in Economics 
E. L. Jones - Economic Affairs
Volume 23 Page 7 - December 2003
Abstract: Cultural explanations of economic change were largely dropped for a generation, as economists rejected their inconclusiveness and other social scientists labelled them as politically incorrect. Peter Bauer, however, expressed disquiet at the way deep influences like culture were being ignored in economic analysis.