Sociology Index


Criminogenic market structure create those conditions or structures which themselves seem to create crime. Just as hospitals create disease, it is possible that prisons or even courts or youth correction centres are ‘criminogenic’. A criminogenic market structure is the unsaturated demand for and ready availability of illegal goods.  A criminogenic market structure tends to produce criminal behavior.

Shipping and scuttling: Criminogenesis in marine insurance 
Eeuwke Faber, Willem Pompe Institute for Criminal Sciences, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands - Journal Crime, Law and Social Change, Publisher Springer Netherlands.

Among the instances of maritime fraud, the scuttling of ships, the deliberate sinking of a ship in order to collect the insurance money, stands out. It has been suggested that marine transport is prone to infiltration by organized crime groups.

These are suggestions that have never been substantiated, but they could point towards a criminogenic market-structure of the marine insurance industry. The insuring of ships requires skill, professionalism and money, but the practice of marine insurance has hardly changed since the Dutch Golden Age. 

Interactionist conceptualizations of the "criminogenic market structure" is described by Farberman 1975; Denzin 1977.

Farberman, Harvey. 1975. "A Criminogenic Market Structure: The Automobile Industry." Sociological Quarterly. 

Denzin, "Notes on the Criminogenic Hypotheses: A Case Study of the American Liquor Industry," 1977.