Sociology Index

CRIMINOGENIC MARKET STRUCTURE

Criminogenic market structure creates those conditions or structures which themselves seem to create crime. Just as hospitals create disease, it is possible that prisons or even courts or youth correction centres are ‘criminogenic’. A criminogenic market structure is the unsaturated demand for and ready availability of illegal goods.  A criminogenic market structure tends to produce criminal behavior.

Shipping and scuttling: Criminogenesis in marine insurance 
Eeuwke Faber, Willem Pompe Institute for Criminal Sciences, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands - Journal Crime, Law and Social Change, Publisher Springer Netherlands.

Among the instances of maritime fraud, the scuttling of ships, the deliberate sinking of a ship in order to collect the insurance money, stands out. It has been suggested that marine transport is prone to infiltration by organized crime groups. These are suggestions that have never been substantiated, but they could point towards a criminogenic market-structure of the marine insurance industry. The insuring of ships requires skill, professionalism and money, but the practice of marine insurance has hardly changed since the Dutch Golden Age.

A Criminogenic Market Structure: the Automobile Industry
Harvey A. Farberman - The Sociological QuarterlyVolume 16, Issue 4.

Abstract: Sociologists have come under attack for ignoring the role powerful elites play in controlling society's central master institutions by establishing policies which set structural conditions that cause other (lower level) people to commit crimes. This study suggests how one elite, automobile manufacturers, creates a “criminogenic market structure” by imposing on their new car dealers a pricing policy which requires high volume and low per unit profit While this strategy gives the manufacturer increased total net aggregate profit (by achieving economies of scale and by minimizing direct competition among oligopolist “rivals”), it places the new car dealer in a financial squeeze by forcing him to constantly free‐up and continuously re‐cycle capital into fixed margin new car inventory.

Interactionist conceptualizations of the "criminogenic market structure" is described by Farberman 1975; Denzin 1977.

Denzin, "Notes on the Criminogenic Hypotheses: A Case Study of the American Liquor Industry," 1977.