Sociology Index

CRIMINAL RECIDIVISM

Criminal Recidivism is repetition of criminal behavior by an offender previously convicted and punished for an offence. Criminal Recidivism is a measure of the effectiveness of rehabilitative ideal or the deterrent effect of punishment. The term Criminal Recidivism is frequently used along with criminal behavior and substance abuse as Recidivism is a synonym for relapse. Criminal recidivism is a widespread. Criminal recidivism rates are high in the United States, Netherlands, England and Wales reaching figures above 50%.

Recidivism is the act of a person repeating an undesirable behavior inspite of the fact that they have either experienced negative consequences of that behavior. The term Criminal Recidivism is also used to refer to the percentage people who are rearrested for a similar offense they commited earlier. The term recidivism is frequently used in conjunction with criminal behavior and substance abuse. The term Recidivism is a synonym for "relapse", used in medicine.

While an important concept in evaluation research, criminologists have great difficulty in determining just how to measure criminal recidivism. For example, Is it criminal recidivism to commit a less serious offence than the previous offence? Is it criminal recidivism to be returned to prison for a violation of the terms of parole?