Crime Control Model
CRIME CONTROL MODEL tries to deter crime by all means.
Crime control model is less protective of individual rights. Crime control model is in
favour of the idea that individual rights must be put aside for the purpose of maintaining
Crime control model assumes that sometimes one has to
give up ones rights for the benefit of society as a whole.
Unlike a crime control model, a public health model looks at particular kinds of crime
like drug abuse or prostitution as public health issues.
Due Process vs. Crime
Two crime control models: the due process model and the crime control model have been
debated for a long time.
Process Model gives credence to the principle that an individual cannot be deprived of
life, liberty, or property without appropriate legal procedures and safeguards. When
people are charged with a crime they are required to have their rights protected by the
criminal justice system under the due process model.
Crime control model for law
enforcement is based on the assumption of absolute reliability of police fact-finding and
treats arrestees as if they are already found guilty.
There have been many papers
comparing and contrasting the role that the due process model and crime control model have
on shaping criminal procedure policy.
There are many differences
between the due process model and the crime control model:
In the due process model people that are arrested are perceived to be innocent until
proven in a court of law. The crime control model believes that the people that are
arrested are guilty and punishment by the government is
Due process model believes that
policing within the criminal justice system is essential to maintaining justice within
society. Crime control model believes that the arresting of people in the criminal justice
system has a negative effect and slows down the process of the criminal justice system.
Law enforcement agencies generally prefer the crime control model. They treat arrested as
if they were already guilty and emphasize on arrest, prosecution and conviction of those
who have broken the law.
THE CRIME CONTROLS AND
DUE PROCESS MODELS
By Brandon A. Perron, Board Certified Criminal Defense Investigator
The American justice systems need for an effective strategy to combat crime has been
debated for years. In fact, close examination reveals that the core of the controversy and
conflicting philosophies are fundamentally liberal and conservative and thus political in
nature. Consider the goals of the American Criminal Justice system for a moment. The
Primarily the goals can be categorized into two very distinct missions: (1) the need to
enforce the law and maintain social order, and (2) the need
to protect people from injustice. However, the two goals are generally considered to be in
conflict with each other. The first goal is referred to as the crime control model and was
developed by Herbert Packer and presented to the academic world in his analysis of the
criminal justice system in the 1960s.
We have addressed both the crime control model and the due process model and have found
significant strengths and weaknesses inherent to both of them. Liberal proponents of the
due process model believe that the crime control model is too harsh and pursues the
ideology of a police state. The arguments of the conservative supporters of the crime
control model complain that the due process model protects the guilty at the expense of
innocent law abiding citizens.
Due Process for the
Global Crime Age: A Proposal
L. Song Richardson, DePaul University College of Law
Cornell International Law Journal, Vol. 41, No. 2, 2008
Abstract: This article argues that the adjudication of transnational criminal cases in the
United States raises troubling questions about the government's commitment to principled
criminal process standards. In his seminal work on the domestic criminal process, Herbert
Packer described two models of criminal procedure: the crime control model and the due
process model. The crime control model posits that the most important function of the
criminal justice system is to suppress crime. The due process model focuses on the
fallibility of the process. Balancing the norms of the two models is challenging, but
necessary. No such balancing exists in the global crime era. Instead, crime control norms
usurp due process values as a result of Mutual Legal Assistance
Treaties which regularize foreign evidence gathering for prosecutors while explicitly
preventing defendants from using them. This article breaks new ground by constructing a
framework that will both protect due process norms and
simultaneously preserve effective crime control model.
In 1968, Professor Herbert
Packer published The Limits of the Criminal Sanction. Prof. Packer discusses the
attributes of the two conflicting models of a criminal justice system. The first model is
the Crime Control Model, the purpose of which is to reduce the number of criminals
on the street.